Social Alienation and Displacement in Faulkner’s “Barn Burning”, Henry’s “The Social Triangle” and Mansfield’s “The Doll’s House”

Hussein H. Zeidanin, Mohammed Matarneh


The present study questions the role of the state in reproducing class relations and interpellating lower class people. The state employs repressive and ideological apparatuses to maintain the ruling class hegemony. The apparatuses the study examines in the context of the selected stories include school, family, court and materiality.  Teachers and parents in Mansfield's "The Doll's House", justices in Faulkner's "Barn Burning" and materiality in Henry's "The Social Triangle" are the state agents of repression which lower class characters in the stories could not protest or rebel against. Their assimilation of the upper class culture, the narrators assert, gets them nowhere but to eventually become alienated. This accounts for their failure to attain social mobility.   


Class relations, Hierarchies, Apparatus, Assimilation, Alienation

Full Text:



Akter, S. (2014), Behind the Surprised ending of O. Henry’s Fiction: Fantasy

(Psychology) and material reality, International Journal of English Language, Literature and Humanities, 2(5), 286 - 294.

Althusser, L. (1971), Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays, (B. Brewster, Trans.).

London: Unwin Brothers.

Byrne, M. E. (2016, August 24), "Barn Burning": A Story from the '30s. Retrieved


Faulkner, W. (1943), Collected Stories of William Faulkner, New York: Random


Grossmann, L. (2001, June 19), "The Doll`s House" by Katherine Mansfield.

Retrieved from


Henry, O. (1912), The Trimmed Lamp, and Other Stories of the Four Million, New

York: Garden City.

Hooti, N. and Partovy, F. (2012), The Nature of Justice and Judgment in O. Henry’s

After Twenty Years, Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(5), 4834 – 4837.

Hope, E. S. (2005), These People are not your People: Class Conflict and Ideology in

Faulkner's Sanctuary, MA Thesis, University of New Orleans.

Kaya, S. (2011), Laura’s Lessons in Katherine Mansfield’s “The Garden Party",

American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 1 (2), 54 – 61.

Linde, M. (2008), Truth is Held in Disrepute: O. Henry and The Dismantling of

Paradigms, Miscelanea a Journal of English and American Studies, 38, 11 – 27.

Lin, T. (2010),A Study of Metacognition on O. Henry’s “The Gift of the Magi’’,

Asian Social Science, 6(4), 49 – 54.

Mansfield, K. (1923), The Dove's Nest and other Stories, New York: Alfred A.


Richardson, J. R. (2005), The Garden Party Must Go On: Class Sympathy and

Characterization in Katherine Mansfield’s Short Stories & “A Surprise” and Other Original Short Stories, B.A. Thesis, Mount Holyoke College.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.