The Effects of Computer Assisted Mediating Prompts on EFL Learners' Writing Ability

Zahra Mousazadeh, Jaleh Hassaskhah, Amir Mahdavi Zafarghandi

Abstract


This study aims to examine the EFL learners' perception and process of writing development through using a digital storytelling tool, called Storyjumper. To do so, 15 intermediate-level students were participants of the study. The participants’ writing development was frequently assessed through a series of repeated writing tests before and after the treatment during one term of study, and the significance of change was examined by Repeated measure ANOVA (rANOVA). The researcher also used paired sample t-test to compare mean difference between two sets of observations. In addition, to gain an in-depth picture of fluctuations of the process of writing development, learners' views were obtained through both semi-structured interviews and self-reported reflective journals which were also recorded and analyzed. The qualitative independent variable (stories produced via Storyjumper) was the within-subjects factor, and the dependent quantitative variable on which each participant was measured (repeated writing tests) was the between-subjects factor. The findings of both quantitative and qualitative data analyses show that there was a significant difference between EFL learners' writing development before and after receiving the treatment. Moreover, majority of the learners admitted that their experiences in using Storyjumper were positive. As a result, this study is contributory in its own rights as it underscores the significance of digital storytelling as a pedagogical tool for the EFL learners' writing enhancement. 


Keywords


digital storytelling, writing, mediation, computer- assisted prompts, Storyjumper

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Zoube, M. (2009). E-Learning on the cloud. International Arab Journal of eTechnology. 1 (2): 58–64. Retrieved 16/03/2017

Banaszewski, T. M. (2005). Digital storytelling: Supporting digital literacy in grades 4–12. Georgia Institute of Technology.

Bialo, E. R., &Sivin-Kachala, J. (1996). The effectiveness of technology in schools: A summary of recent research. School Library Media Quarterly, 25(1), 51-57.

Chitravelu, N., Sithamparam, S., &Teh, S. C. (2005). ELT methodology: Principles and Practice. Shah Alam: PenerbitFajarBakti.

Clarke, R., & Adam, A. (2012). Digital storytelling in Australia: academic perspectives and reflections. Arts and Humanities in Higher Education, 11(1-2), 157-176.

Conrad, S. K. (2013). Documenting Local History: A Case Study in Digital Storytelling. Library Review, 62, 459-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/LR-02-2013-0013

Fidaoui, D., Bahous, R., &Bacha, N. N. (2010). CALL in Lebanese elementary ESL writing classrooms. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 23(2), 151-168.

Garrard, D. (2011). A case study to evaluate the effectiveness of digital storytelling as a narrative writing tool.University of Limerick.https://ulir.ul.ie/bitstream/handle/10344/1818/2011

Goldberg, A., Russell, M., & Cook, A. (2003). The effect of computers on student writing: A meta-analysis of studies from 1992 to 2002. Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 2(1). Retrieved from http://www.jtla.org

Harris, B. (2011). Writing in schools with computers: What does it take to make it happen? Engineers Australia, 46(1), 40–51.

Hashim, H., Yunus, M. M., &Embi, M. A. (2016).Pre-University English as Second Language (ESL) learners’ attitude towards mobile learning.Creative Education, 7 , 1147-1153. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2016.78119

Hassaskhah, J. (2016). Re-examination of second language teacher motivation management from a dynamic perspective.Journal for the Study of Education and Development.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02103702.2016.1215084

Hull, G.A. and Katz, M.-L. (2006) Crafting an Agentive Self: Case Studies of Digital Storytelling. Research in the Teaching of English, 41, 43-81.

Lacina, J., & Griffith, R. (2012). Blogging as a means of crafting writing. The Reading Teacher, 66(4), 316–320. doi:10.1002/TRTR.01128

Leahy, M. (2007). Clay Animation and Multimodal Storytelling. Paper presented at the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education International Conference (SITE) 2007.

Joseph, L. (2006). Digital Storytelling.Multimedia and Internet@schools, 13 (4), 13-16.

Kajder, S. Swenson, J. (2004) Digital Images in the Language arts Classroom.Learning and Leading with Technology. 31(8).

Lam, F. S., & Pennington, M. C. (1995). The computer vs. the pen: A comparative study of word processing in a Hong Kong secondary classroom. Computer-Assisted Language Learning, 8, 75-92.

Maier, R. B. & Fisher, M. (2006). Strategies for digital storytelling via tabletop video: building decision making skills in middle school students in marginalized communities. Journal of Educational Technology Systems,35(2),175 –192.

Menezes, H. (2012). Using Digital Storytelling to Improve Literacy Skills. Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on Cognition & Exploratory Learning in Digital Age, 299-301.

National Education Technology Plan. (2017). Reimagining the role of technology in education: Update. https://tech.ed.gov/?s=personalized+learning Retrieved 19/01/2017.

Normann, A. (2011). Digital storytelling in second language learning (Master’s thesis).Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Olthouse, J. M., & Miller, M. T. (2012).Teaching Talented Writers with Web 2.0 Tools.Teaching Exceptional Children, 45, 6-14.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004005991204500201

Pogorskiy, E. (2015). Using personalisation to improve the effectiveness of global educational projects. E-learning and Digital Media. 12 (1): 57–67.

Prensky, M. (2001).Digital natives, digital immigrants Part 1.On the Horizon, 9, 1-6.http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/10748120110424816

Prensky, M. (2007). How to teach with technology: keeping both teachers and students comfortable in an era of exponential change. Emerging Technologies for Learning, 2, 40-46.

Rahimi, M., &Yadollahi, S. (2011).ICT use in EFL classes: A focus on EFL teachers’ characteristics.World Journal of English Language.1(2) 17-29. https://doi.org/10.5430/wjel.v1n2p17

Robin, B. (2006). The educational uses of digital storytelling. In C. Crawford et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education International Conference.(pp. 709-716). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Robin, B. R. (2008). Digital Storytelling: A Powerful Technology Tool for the 21st Century Classroom. Theory into Practice, 47, 220-228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405840802153916

Sadik, A. (2008). Digital storytelling: a meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 56, 487-506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11423-008-9091-8

Shah, P. M., &Empungan, J. L. (2015).ESL teachers’ attitudes towards using ICT in literature lessons.International Journal of English Language Education, 3, 201-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijele.v3i1.7158

Shateri, M. (2016).The role of information and communications technology (ICT) in academic achievement of elementary students. [Special issue]. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies, 3(1)369-380

Sukovic, S. (2014).ITell: Transliteracy and Digital Storytelling. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 45, 205-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00048623.2014.951114

Tendero, A. (2006). Facing your selves: The effects of digital storytelling on teacher education.Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 6(2), 174-194.

Wang, P. (2009). The inter-rater reliability in scoring composition.English Language Teaching, 2(3), 39-43.

Wertz, J. A. (2014). Bitstrips and Storybird: Writing Development in a Blended Literacy Camp. Voices from the Middle, 21, 24-32.

Yunus, M. M., Nordin, N., Salehi, H., Embi, M. A., &Salehi, Z. (2013).The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching ESL writing skills. English Language Teaching, 6, 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v6n7p1

Yunus, M. M., Salehi, H., &Nordin, N. (2012). ESL pre-service teachers’ perceptions on the use of paragraph punch in teaching writing. English Language Teaching, 5, 138-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v5n10p138

Zakaria, S. M., Yunus, M. M., Nazri, N. M., & Shah, P. M. (2016).Students’ Experience of Using Storybird in Writing ESL Narrative Text. Creative Education, 7, 2107-2120. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2016.715210




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.6n.1p.64

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies  

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.