Teaching L2 Vocabulary Through Animated Movie Clips with English Subtitles

Hanadi Abdulrahman Khadawardi

Abstract


Vocabulary mastery is essential for second language (L2) students. Several trends in foreign language vocabulary research and pedagogy have emerged during the 21st century. Perhaps the most significant is the technological revolution and the ever-increasing availability of English-language materials on the Internet. Thus, the present study examines the effectiveness of watching video clips with English subtitles in online classrooms to improve L2 students’ vocabulary learning and short- and long-term retention. The study consisted of a one-group, pretest-posttest quasi-experiment in which participants were taught two sets of L2 vocabulary using two methods: the presentation of subtitled clips from animated movies and first language (L1) translation and text-based activities. The participants consisted of 35 female students. The data collection was stratified into four steps: two pretests administered for both vocabulary sets before the interventions, short follow-up tests after both interventions, semi-structured interviews, and two posttests for both vocabulary sets administered at the end of the module. The data was subjected to statistical and thematic analysis. The results indicated that watching movie clips with subtitles had an effective learning result and a positive impact on students’ motivation to learn L2 vocabulary. The integration of multimedia tools and applications through the presentation of video clips with English subtitles had a powerful effect on vocabulary recognition, comprehension and retention. Participants achieved higher scores on the vocabulary posttests from watching movie clips with English subtitles than from learning vocabulary through a traditional teaching method. Therefore, the current study should serve as a foundation for future studies to validate and reference its results.

Keywords


L2, Vocabulary Learning, Long-Term Retention, Short-Term Retention, Multimedia Learning, Subtitled Movies, Short Movie, Foreign Language

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulhussein, S. H., & Alimardani, E. (2021). On the Effect of Employing Story-Based Video Games on Iraqi EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Retention and Motivation. Multicultural Education, 7(4), 118–128. Retrived April 7, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4681267

Aidinlou, N. (2016). Short-term and Long-term Retention of Vocabulary through Authentic Subtitled Videos. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 7(5), 9. Retrieved June 18, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.7n.5p.14

Alagozlu, N., & Kiymazarslan, V. (2020). Current Perspectives on Vocabulary Learning and Teaching (1st Eition). British Library Cataloging in Publication Data. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from https://books.google.com.sa/books?id=sLzxDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=second+language+vocabulary+learning&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=second language vocabulary learning=false

Amirreza, K. (2019). Implementing Audio-Visual Materials (Videos), As an Incidental Vocabulary Learning Strategy, in Second/Foreign Language Learners’ Vocabulary Development: a Current Review of the Most Recent Research. I-Manager’s Journal on English Language Teaching, 9(2), 60. Retrived April 7, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.26634/jelt.9.2.15519

Arndt, H. L., & Woore, R. (2018). Vocabulary learning from watching YouTube videos and reading blog posts. Language Learning and Technology, 22(3), 124–142.

Chai, J., & Erlam, R. (2008). The Effect and the Influence of the Use of Video and Captions on Second Language Learning. New Zealand Studies in Applied Linguistics, 14(2), 25–44.

Coady, J., & Huckin, T. (1997). Second Language Vocabualry Acquisition (1st Editio). Cambridge Univeristy Press.

Cohen, Lawrence Manion, K. M. (2017). Research Methods in Education. Retrieved August 8, 2021, from https://books.google.com.sa/books?id=LYzhAQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=research+methods+education+cohen&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjz052GntXvAhW1DmMBHVkQBZQQ6AEwAHoECAMQAg#v=onepage&q=research methods education cohen&f=false

Elekaei, A., Tabrizi, H. H., & Chalak, A. (2020). Evaluating Learners’ Vocabulary Gain and Retention in an E-learning Context Using Vocabulary Podcasting Tasks: A Case Study. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 21(2), 190–203. Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.17718/TOJDE.728162

Graves, M. (2016). The Vocabulary Book Learning and Instruction (2nd Editio). Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data.

Graves, M., August, D., & Martines, J. (2013). Teaching Vocabulary to English Language Learners.com.sa (1st Editio). Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Retrieved August 9, 2021, from https://books.google.com.sa/books?id=RkOpr3DRUJ0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Second+Language+Vocabulary+Acquisition&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi6saHovNP0AhWS4YUKHQesBC44ChDoAXoECAkQAg

Hariyono, T. (2020). Teaching Vocabulary To Young Learner Using Video on Youtube At English Course. Language Research Society, 1(1), 41–46. Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.33021/lrs.v1i1.1038

Horst, M. (2019). Focus on Vocabulary Learning: Oxford Key Concepts for the Language Classroom (eBook Edit). Oxford University Press. Retrieved July 20, 2021, from https://books.google.com.sa/books?id=0IGIDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=second+language+vocabulary+learning&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=second language vocabulary learning&f=false

Jenlink, P. (2019). Multimedia Learning Theory: Preparing for the New Generation of Students (1st Editio). Rowman & Littlefield.

Kanellopoulou, C., Kermanidis, K. L., & Giannakoulopoulos, A. (2019). The dual-coding and multimedia learning theories: Film subtitles as a vocabulary teaching tool. Education Sciences, 9(3). Retrieved June 15, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9030210

Mayer, R. (2014). The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning (2nd Editio). Cambridge Univeristy Press. Retrieved August 14, 2021, from https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/41QcvZCz7jS._SX346_BO1,204,203,200_.jpg

Montero Perez, M., Peters, E., & Desmet, P. (2015). Enhancing Vocabulary Learning Through Captioned Video: An Eye-Tracking Study. Modern Language Journal, 99(2), 308–328. Retrieved April 9, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12215

Nation I. S. P. (2008). Teaching Vocabulary: Strategies and Techniques. Heinle, Cengage Learning. Retrieved May 24, 2021, from https://books.google.com.sa/books?id=Qf3sPAAACAAJ&dq=Teaching+Vocabulary+nations&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjPhJTQl_bwAhVqaRUIHUMEA78Q6AEwAHoECAsQAg

Romero-Villamil, J. L., & Guzman-Martinez, C. P. (2020). Learning Vocabulary Through Instructional Subtitled Videos. GIST – Education and Learning Research Journal, 21(21), 7–25. Retrieved May 21, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.26817/16925777.841

Sabouri, H., Zohrabi, M., & Osbouei, Z., K. (2015). The impact of watching English subtitled movies in vocabulary learning in different genders of Iranian EFL learners. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature, 3(2), 110–125.

Sadiku, A. (2018). The Role of Subtitled Movies on Students’ Vocabulary Development. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 42(1), 212–221. Retrieved May 17, 2021, from http://gssrr.org/index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied

Schmitt, D., & Schmitt, N. (2020). Vocabulary in Language Teaching (Second Edi). Cambridge University Press. Retrieved August 7, 2021, from https://www.amazon.com/Vocabulary-Language-Teaching-Norbert-Schmitt/dp/1108701604/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=9781108476829&linkCode=qs&qid=1636438241&qsid=142-1260068-0795865&s=books&sr=1-1&sres=1108476821&srpt=ABIS_BOOK

Sirmandi, E. H., & Sardareh, S. A. (2016). Improving Iranian intermediate EFL learners ’ vocabulary knowledge through watching video clips with English subtitles. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 3(6), 175–187.

Smith, P. (1969). Teaching Vocabulary. The Modern Language Journal, 53(8), 531–537. Retrieved May 21, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.1969.tb04998.x

Teng, M. (2021). Language Learning Through Captioned Videos: Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition (1st Editio). Routledge Taylor & Francis.

Wang, Y. C. (2012). Learning L2 vocabulary with American TV drama from the learner’s perspective. English Language Teaching, 5(8), 217–225. Retrieved June 27, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v5n8p217

Webb, S. (2020). The Routledge handbook of vocabulary studies. In S. Webb (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Vocabulary Studies. Routledge. Retrieved August 5, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429291586

Yawiloeng, R. (2020). Second Language Vocabulary Learning from Viewing Video in an EFL Classroom. English Language Teaching, 13(7), 76. Retrieved May 21, 2021, from https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v13n7p76




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.11n.2p.18

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.