Features of Arabic and English Use of Self and Other-presentation in Political Discourse

Sameh Salah Youssef, Mohammed A. Albarakati


Though significant developments have been achieved in political discourse research and studies recently, Arabic political discourse deserves more attention, at least due to the accelerated pace of political events in the Arab world in the last decade. For this reason, this paper investigates how political leaders in the Arab-Islamic-American Summit held in Riyadh in May 2017 use Self/Other-Presentation to send messages to their allies and opponents, in both Arabic and English. In this context, the paper analyzes selected self and other-presentation occurrences in the speeches of the Saudi king Salman bin Abdulaziz and the American president Donald Trump. The paper also aims at investigating the predominant devices used within self and other presentation model in both Arabic and English political discourse. Analysis of selected Arabic and English examples depends on an analysis scheme developed by the researchers based on CDA/PDA analysis tools. The paper discusses the tools both languages depend on while using self and other-presentation occurrences in political discourse.


Self and Other-presentation, PDA, Context, Arabic, Syntax, Semantics, Rhetoric

Full Text:



Aitchison, J. (1994). ‘Say, say it again Sam: The Treatment of Repetition in Linguistics.’ In Fischer, Andreas (ed.). Repetition. Tübingen: Gunten Narr Verlag.

Blommaert, J., & Bulcaen, C. (2000). ‘Critical Discourse Analysis’ in Annual Review of Anthropology (California), 29, 447-466.

Chiltom. P. and Schaffner C. (2002) ‘Themes and Principles in the Analysis of Political Discourse’, in Chiltom. P. and Schaffner C. (Eds.) Politics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Declerck, R, and Reed, S. (2001). Conditionals: A Comprehensive Empirical Analysis. Berlin & New York: Mouton De Gruyter.

Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language. New York: Longman.

Froese, P. (2014). ‘Religion and American Politics from a Global Perspective’ in Religions, vol. 5, 648–662; doi:10.3390/rel5030648

Gao, C and Zheng, Q. (2014). ‘A Linguistic Study of Antonymy in English Texts’ in Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 234-238. doi:10.4304/jltr.5.1.234-238.

Halliday, M.A.K. and Hassan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English. London: Longman.

Hoye, L. (2017). Adverbs and modality in English. Routledge.

Osborn, M. & Osborn, S. (1988). Public Speaking. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Persson, G. (1974) Repetition in English. Uppsala: Uppsala University, 1974.

Richards, I. (1936). The Philosophy of Rhetoric. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, J. (2012). ‘Religious Discourse and the Reinvigoration of American Political Life.’ In Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy, Vol. 4. ISSN: 0883-3648

Stiltner, B. and Steven, M. (2009) ‘Religion, Rhetoric, and Running for Office: Public Reason on the US Campaign Trail’ in Nigel B. and Linda H. (Eds.), Religious Voices in Public Places. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tannen, D. (2007) Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue, and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. 2nd edition. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Van Dijk, T.A. (1993). ‘Principles of critical discourse analysis’ in Discourse and society, 4, (2), 249-283.

Van Dijk, T.A. (1995). ‘Discourse analysis as ideology analysis’ in Christina Schaffner and Anita Wenden (Eds.), language and pace, 17-33. Aldershot: Dartmouth.

Van Dijk, T. A. (1996). Discourse, racism and ideology. RCEI: Ediciones.

Van Dijk, T. A (1997). ‘Discourse as interaction in society’ in Tuen A. van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse as social interaction,2, 1-37. London: Sage Publications.

Van Dijk, T.A. (1998). ‘Opinions and ideologies in the press’ in Allan Bell and Peter Garrett (Eds.), Approaches to media discourse, 21-63. Oxford: Blackwell.

Van Djik, T. A. (2006). ‘Ideology and Discourse Analysis’ in Journal of Political Ideologies,11(2), 115-140. Routledge.

Van Dijk, T. A. (2008). Discourse and Context. A Socio-Cognitive Approach. Cambridge & New York : Cambridge University Press.

Wodak, R. (1997). Critical Discourse Analysis and the Study of Doctor patient Interaction. The Construction of Professional Discourse. London: Longman.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.