Augusto Boal’s Theatre of the Oppressed in A Virtual Context: Suggestions for a Nigerian Youth Social Media Theatre Strategy

Austin Okeke, Adaoma Igwedibia


The study is based on the adaptive tactic of Augusto Boal’s ‘Theatre of the Oppressed’, and it seeks to articulate an innovative dimension of theatre practice which will take into cognizance the psychosocial stance of the average Nigerian youth. The study uses Boal’s ‘forum’ theatre model, which has a commendable technique for adaptability to explore ways in which the potentials of the theatre arts can be adapted to the social media platform in order to create an organized internet-based youth forum theatre environment. Its theoretical framework will be based on the New Media theory and Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical theory.


New Media, Psychosocial, Nigerian Youth, Augusto Boal

Full Text:



Ajaegbu, O. (2012) “Rising Youth Unemployment and Violent Crime in Nigeria. American

Journal of Social Issues and Humanities 5 (2) pp. 315-321.

Arowosegbe, J.O. (2009) “Violence and National Development in Nigeria: The Political

Economy of Youth Restiveness in the Niger Delta.” Illus. Taylor and Francis. Review of African Political Economy 36 (122) pp.575-594.

Boal, A. (1979) Theatre of the Oppressed. Trans. Charles A. and Maria-Odilia Leal McBride.

New York: Urizen.

Cherry, K. “Experience and Development: How Experience Influences Child

Development.” Education Psychology. Web. 2 Apr. 2018.


Eager, G. (1994) All About Peer Pressure. Georgia: Mail.

Everett, A. &, John T. C. (2003) Eds. New Media: Theories and Practices of Digitextuality.

Illus. Taylor & Francis. Web. 2 Apr. 2018.

Freud, S. (1972) Character and Culture. New York: Macmillan.

Gurr, T. (1970) Why Men Rebel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Ihemefor, I. et al. (2013) “Access and Utilization of New Media in Flood Mitigation in

Delta State”, A B.A. Thesis submitted to the Department of Mass Communication, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Irobi, E. (1989) Hangmen Also Die. Enugu: ABIC.

Jessor, R. (1987) “Problem-Behavior Theory, Psychosocial Development, and Adolescent Problem Drinking”. British Journal of Addiction Vol.82, No 1 pp.331-342.

Last, M. Towards a Political History of Youth in Muslim Northern Nigeria 1750-2000.

London: UC, n.d. PDF file.

Macomber, J. et al. Vulnerability, Risk, and the Transition to Adulthood

Web. 2 Apr. 2018. PDF file.


Menakaya, L. (2014) “Children and the Youth as Producers of Media Content.” University

of Nigeria, Nsukka. Conference Paper presented on 10 Mar.

Merton, R. K. (1938) "Social Structure and Anomie." American Sociological Review Issue 3 pp.672-682.

Moore, E. “Forum Theatre Discussions.” Web. 2 Apr. 2018.>.

Noah, W., Nick M. (2003) “From Theatre of the Oppressed” Eds. The New Media Reader.

Cambridge: MIT.

Patel, I.J. (1971) ‘Foreword’ The Indian Youth: Emerging Problems and Issues. Ed. Prayag

Mehta. Bombay: Somaiya Press.

Poster, M. (1995) The Second Media Age. Cambridge: Polity.

Runciman, W. (1966) Relative Deprivation and Social Justice: A Study of Attitudes to Social

Inequality in Twentieth-Century England. California: University of California Press.

Schaefer, R. T. (2008) Racial and Ethnic Groups, 11th ed. Chicago: Pearson.

Schivinski, B. & Dąbrowski, D. (2013) “The Effects of Social Media Communication on

Consumer Perceptions of Brands.” Working Paper Series A, Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics 12 (12) pp.2–19. Web. 2 Apr. 2018. < >

Steinberg, L. D & Morris, A.S. (2001) “Adolescent Development.” Annual Review of

Psychology. Issue 52 pp. 83-110.

Ukeje, C. (2001) “Youths, Violence and the collapse of Public Order in the Niger-

Delta of Nigeria.” Africa Development, XXVI (1&2) p.289.

Wa Thiong’o, N. (1989) Matigari. Nairobi: Heinemann African Writers Series.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.