Problems Related to the Teaching of English Pronunciation in Pre-service Institutions: A Study at the Wesley College of Education, Kumasi, Ghana

Davida Aba Mensima Asante-Nimako


The purpose of the study was to find out the problems related to the teaching of English pronunciation in the pre-service training institutions. Wesley College of Education, Kumasi, Ghana, was used as a case study. Out of the problems, deductions were made to make recommendations. Three tutors of English and twenty students were purposively sampled for the study. Through the use of interviews, three key findings, realized from the research include the following: First, the mode of correcting students’ mispronunciation. The manner in which some tutors correct students’ mispronunciation was found to be very discouraging to the students; second, the less attention given to English ‘pronunciation’ as one of the aspects of English language teaching/learning was a concern; In any case, though pronunciation was not conspicuously part of the English course outline, it did not imply that there was no form of pronunciation teaching. Thus, during the teaching learning process pronunciation teaching go on directly or indirectly. In terms, of other subject areas other than English language, pronunciation teaching hardly happens. More importantly, another vital problem found was the poor foundation at the basic level of education. The student teachers should in-turn have a better grounding in English pronunciation to teach the pupils in the basic schools in Ghana. Unfortunately, the ill tradition of unintelligible pronunciation goes on, which the researcher terms it the ‘dark cycle’. The views of students and tutors were gathered through recording and transcription of interviews. The research generally reveals the need for language teachers and curriculum planners to factor in pronunciation as a vital aspect of building up students; especially, student- teachers who will complete soon and go and teach younger ones, ensuring the avoidance of ‘dark cycle’ as the researcher’s term, explained in the ‘key words’.


‘Dark Cycle’, First Language, Second Language, Blood Vomiting, Blood Coughing, Transforming Teacher Education and Learning

Full Text:



Ashby, P. (1995) Speech Sounds. London: Routledge.

Braun, V. & Clarke, V. (2006) "Using thematic analysis in psychology". Qualitative Research in Psychology 3 (2): 27, 83. Retrieved from (last modified on 9 April 2013).

Celce-Murcia, M. Brinton, D.M. & Goodwin, J. M. (1996) Teaching Pronunciation: A Reference for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge University press, United Kingdom.

Guest G. (2012) Applied thematic analysis. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage. Publications p. 17. Retrieved from (last modified on 9 April 2013).

Guest, G. & MacQueen, N. (2012) "Introduction to Thematic Analysis". Applied Thematic Analysis. Retrieved from: (last modified on 9 April 2013).

Higgs, Theodore V. and Ray Clifford (1982) "The Push Toward Communication," in Theodore V. Higgs (ed.) Curriculum, Competence, and the Foreign Language Teacher. ACTFL Foreign Language Education Series (Lincolnwood, Illinois: National Textbook Company)

Hismanoglu, M.(2006) “Current Perspectives on Pronunciation Learning and Teaching” Journal of Language and

linguistic studies2(1). 20/02/2013.

Hsiang-Pao L., Chuen-Yn F. & Chi-Fen, C. (1994) “Teaching Pronunciation in the Learner-Centered Classroom”

A paper presented at the 12th Annual R.O.C. TEFL Conference at Tunghai University on May, 20, 1994. Retrieved from

Jahan, N. (2011) Teaching and Learning Pronunciation in ESL/EFL Classes of Bangladesh Journal of Education and Practice ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) 23/09/2013

Nunan, D. (1991) Language Teaching Methodology. London: Pretence hall International.

Owu – Ewie, C. (2011) Learn to do research: An introduction to research methods. Accra: Xpress Vision.

Olenka, B. (2009) Pronunciation. Last modified: January 2011. Retrieved from 23/09/2013

Robertson, P.(2002) Teaching English Pronunciation skills to the Asian Learner. (A Cultural Complexity or subsumed piece of cake) Asian EFL Journal . EFL Professional’s written Forum. 15/04/2013

Rodman, R. & Fromkin, V. (1978) An Introduction to Language. (3rd Ed.) CBS College Publishing. New York.

Underhill, A. (2010) Teaching English Pronunciation – the poor relation? UK, BBC, London. Retrieved from

Yule, G. (1996) The Study of Language (2nd Ed.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2022 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.