Speech Act of Suggestion Across Language Proficiency and Gender in Iranian Context

Yasser Aminifard, Ebrahim Safaei, Hamdollah Askari


This study seeks to investigate how Iranian EFL learners employ suggestion speech act. With this aim, 105 Iranian EFL learners participated in this study. A Discourse Completion Test (DCT) was used to produce data related to the suggestion forms utilized by the participants. Percentage and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data. Research findings revealed similarities and differences between English natives and Iranian EFL learners in terms of suggestion forms produced. The findings further showed that different language proficiency level did not produce any significant differences in production of suggestion speech act. However, participants’ performances considering different gender reached statistical significance. It was also found that Iranian EFL learners transferred their L1 structures in using suggestion forms.



Suggestion speech act, Language proficiency, Gender

Full Text:



Allami, H. (2006). A sociopragmatic analysis of griping: The case of Iranian students. The Linguistic Journal. 1(1), 59-76.

Allami, H., & Naeimi, A. (2010). A cross-linguistic study of refusals: An analysis of pragmatic competence development in Iranian EFL learners. Journal of Pragmatics, 43(1), 385-406.

Banerjee, J., Carrell, P.L., (1988). Tuck in your shirt, you squid: Suggestions in ESL. Language Learning 38, 313–364.

Bryant Smith, J. (2009). The acquisition of pragmatic competence: Complement response strategies in learners of Spanish. A doctoral dissertation, Louisiana State University.

Crystal, D. (2003).A Dictionary of Linguistics &Phonetics (5th edition). Maldern MA: Blackwell.

Fernandez Guerra, A., & Martinez-flor, A. (2005). Is teaching how to suggest a good Suggestion? An empirical study based on EFL learners‟ accuracy and appropriateness when making suggestions. Porta Linguarum, 5, 91-108.

Jiang, X. (2006). Suggestions: What should ESL students know? System, 34(1), 36-54.

Liu, Y., & Zhao, J. (2007).Suggestions in teacher-student conferences. Arizona Working Papers in SLA and Teaching, 14, 59-74.

LoCastro, V. (2012).Pragmatics for language educators. New York: Routledge.

Mahmoudi Gahrouei, V. (2013).A Sociopragmatic Study of Speech Act of Suggestion in Persian EFL Learners. The Iranian EFL Journal (9)1, 241-249.

Pishghadam, R., & Sharafadini, M. (2011). Delving into Speech Act of Suggestion: A Case of Iranian EFL Learners. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(16), 152-160.

Rintell, E., 1979. Getting your speech act together: The pragmatic ability of second language learners. Working Papers on Bilingualism 17, 97–106.

Rose, K. R., & Kasper, G. (Eds.). (2001). Pragmatics in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sharifian, F. (2004). Cultural Schemas and Intercultural Communication: A study of Persian. In J. Leigh & E. Loo (Eds.), Outer Limits: A Reader in Communication Across Cultures (pp. 119-128). CAE: Melbourne.

Shih, H. (2006). An Interlanguage Study of the Speech Act of Apology Made by EFL Learners in Taiwan.MA thesis, National Sun Yat-sen University.

Sum-hung Li, E. (2010). Making suggestions: A contrastive study of young Hong Kong and Australian students. Journal of Pragmatics, 42 (3), 598-616.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.3n.5p.198


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.