Students’ Attitudes Towards Literature Use and

Elif Karakaya, Ayhan Kahraman


Although language teachers are aware of the benefits of using literature in language classrooms in theory, they do not use it “consciously” practically. For this reason, the purpose of the present paper is to “re-highlight” the use of literature in language classrooms and make teachers use it “consciously” in classes. Wherefore, this study was conducted in 2010-2011 education year, at a private language school in Turkey by the participation of 14 students having A2 level English proficiency. Data collection of the study was twofold as descriptive and experimental. The descriptive part was made of an attitude questionnaire towards the use of literature, namely theatrical plays, in language classrooms. The experimental part was conducted in ten-week period. There were two groups as one experimental group which had equal students. While the students of the control group had the lessons of the traditional curriculum of the private language school, the students of the experimental group had the literature, specially theatrical plays, integrated lessons together with the traditional curriculum of the private language school. A vocabulary test was applied to both groups to figure out the vocabulary learning levels of the students. The findings of the attitude questionnaires and vocabulary tests were analyzed by SPSS programme. It was found that there were positive attitudes towards literature integrated lessons and that the use of literature affected students’ vocabulary levels. The findings of the present study may be useful for language teachers, text book writers, syllabus designers and language learners.



Literature, language teaching, attitude, theatrical plays, vocabulary learning

Full Text:



Akyel, A. & Yalçin, E. (1990). Literature in the EFL Class : A study of goal-achievement incongruence. ELT Journal 44/3, 174–180. Retrieved from:

Brumfit, C. J. & Carter R. A. (1986). Literature and Language Teaching. Oxford University Press

Carter, R. & Long, M. (1991). Teaching Literature. Longman Publishing

Case, D. & Wilson, K. (1995). English Sketches by the English Teaching Theatre, books 1 & 2. Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Chacón-Beltrán, R. & Abelló-Contesse, C. & Torreblanca-López, M. M. (2010). Insights Into Non-native Vocabulary Teaching and Learning. British Cataloging in Publication Data

Collie, J. & Slater, S. (1987). Literature in the Language Classroom: A Resource Book of Ideas and Activities. Cambridge University Press

Demircioğlu, Ş. (2008). Teaching English Vocabulary to Young Learners via Drama (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Demirel, Ö. (2003). ELT Methodology. Pegem A Publication

Duff, A. & Maley, A. (2007). Literature : Resource Books for Teachers. Oxford University Press

Gebenliler, H. E. (2006). The Effect of Script as a Drama Technique on Self-confidence and Language Use (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Ghazali, S. N., Setia, R., Muthusamy, C. & Jusoff, K. (2009). “ESL studnets’ Attitudes towards Texts and Teaching Methods used in Literature Classes”. Canadian Center of Science and Education (ccse) Vol:2, N: 4: 51-56.

Gölgeli, İ. M. (2006). The Views of EFL Studnets Towards Literature in English Language Teaching Department (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Hirvela, A. & Boyle, J. (1988). Literature Courses and Students Attitudes. ELT Journal Volume 42/3 July 179-183

Hismanoğlu, M. (2005). Teaching English Through Literature. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies Vol.1, No.1. 53-66.

Karar Doğrul, S. (2007). Effects of Children’s Literature on Success in Vocabulary Teaching (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Köylüoğlu, N. (2010). Using Drama in Teaching For young Learners (Mater’s Thesis). Retrieved from

Lazar, G. (1993). Literature and Language Teaching : A Guide for Teachers and Trainers. Cambridge University Press

Maley, A. & Duff, A. (1978). Drama techniques in Language Learning: A resource book of Communication Activities For Language Teachers. Cambridge University Press

McKay, S. (1982). “Literature in the ESL Classroom”. TESOL Quarterly Vol. 16. No.4: 529-536.

Moody, H. L. B. (1971). The teaching of Literature With Special Reference to Developing Countries. Longman Publishing

Nunan, D. (1989). Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. Cambridge University Press

Özkeçeci, T. (1994). An Analysis of the Attitudes of the Instructors and Students towards the Use of Literature in English Language Teaching (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from

Parkinson, B. & Reid Thomas, H. (2000). Teaching Literature in a Second Language. Edinburg University Press

Phat, C. H., (2013, 671-688). The Implementation of Literature in Teaching Speaking for Advanced Students Paper presented at The 3rd International Conference on Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, Retrieved from:

Short, M. H. & Candlin, C. N. (2000). “Teaching Study Skills For English Literature.” In Literature and Language Teaching. Eds. C.J. Brumfit & R.A. Carter (89-109). Oxford University Press

Showalter, E. (2003). Teaching Literature Blackwell Publishing

Turker, F. (1991). Using “Literature” in Language Teaching. Hacettepe University Education Faculty Journal Vol. 6. 299-305

Widdowson, H.G. (1984). Aspects of Language Teaching. Oxford University Press

Yaesmin, N., Azad, A.K. & Ferdoush, J. (2011). Teaching Language through Literature: Designing Appropriate Classroom Activities. ASA University Review, Vol. 5 No. 2, July–December 283-297

Ziya, S. (2009). Efficiency of Literature-Integrated Approach on Vocabulary Competence (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.