Policing Challenged and People’s Expectations

Thakur Mohan Shrestha

Abstract


Peace, security, rule of law, and sustainable development are driving principles in a democratic notion of developing country like Nepal. "3Is': Injustice, Insecurity and Imbalance have been reflecting in the post transitional Nepal. The study came with the objectives of investigating the peoples' perceptions on the adaptation of policing, the challenges and expectation. The information was collected from 1111(N) respondents all over the country from different ways of life, applying mixed method questionnaire survey and interview. The research show the need of system based policing like 'intelligence-led'; 'police public partnership', and 'proactive' respectively. The influence of politicization, political instability, external influence, lack of role model leadership, open border, rampant corruption, nepotism-favoritism, lack of research are the major challenges in the security organizations. Furthermore, most educated and high profile personalities have less interest to encourage their generation in police services. People are expecting proficient and accountable police forces.

Keywords: Policing, Challenges, People's Expectation


Full Text:

PDF

References


Acharya, D. B. (2014). Issue of security force in Nepal. In N. Police, Police Mirror (p. 82). Kathmandu: Nepal Police.

Adhikari, J. (2015, Jan 8). Most of the people. Kathmandupost.

Aryal, U. K. (2014). Committed to Effective Police Service. In N. Police, Police Mirror. Nepal Police.

Baglione. (2012). Writing a Research Paperin Political Science. Thousand Oaks:. CQ Press.

Bishnu, B. K. (2014, May 14). http://www.tinepal.org. Retrieved from Transparency International Nepal: http://www.tinepal.org/tmp-content/uploads/2014/05/2014_NISNepal_EN.pdf

Bratton, W. J. (2008). Police Performance Management in Practice: Taking Compstat to the Next Level, Policing2(3).

Central Bureau of Statatistic. (2014). Drug users survey key findings. Government of Nepal, Nepal Planning commission Secratariat. Retrieved from http://cbs.gov.np/?p=781

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Reserach Design-Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches 6th Printing 2012 (3rd ed.). New Delhi: Vivek Mehara SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd.

Dean, G. &. (2007). Knowledge Management in Policing and Law Enforcement - Foundations, Structures, Applications. Oxford, UK.: Oxford University Press.

Dhungana, N. (2012, February 16). http://www.spotlightnepal.com. Retrieved April 21, 2015, from The New Spotlight: http://www.spotlightnepal.com/News/Article/UCPN-Maoists-and-Pro-Parliamentary-Parties-Compati

Douglas, H. (2007, 2 8). http://www.etymonlline.com. Retrieved from Police Online Etomology Dictionary.

DPNeT Nepal. (2013). Nepal Disaster Report. Kathmandu: Government of Nepal Ministry of Home Affais.

Earle, J. (1988, April). Law Enforcement administration: Yesterday, today and tomorrow. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 57 (4), pp. 2-7.

Emsley, C. (1996). The English Poliicng: A Political and Social History (Second ed.). Taylor & Francis, Routledge.

Global Drug Survey. (2014). he Global Drug Survey 2014 findings. http://www.globaldrugsurvey.com/. The 2014 Global Drug Survey (GDS2014). Retrieved from http://www.globaldrugsurvey.com/facts-figures/the-global-drug-survey-2014-findings/

Gottschalk, P. (2010). Police integrity surveys: a court-based survey a. International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, 8(3), , 243-259.

ICJ alternative Report . (Feb. 2014). ALTERNATIVE REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS (ICJ) TO THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE ON THE COMBINED SECOND, THIRD AND FOURTH PERIODIC REPORTS OF NEPAL UNDER THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS. Geneva 8, Switzerland: International commisson of Justices.

K.C., B. B. (2014, May 14). http://www.tinepal.org. Retrieved from Transparency International Nepal: http://www.tinepal.org/tmp-content/uploads/2014/05/2014_NISNepal_EN.pdf

Kalam, A. R. (2006). Inaguration Speech. In N. The global Open University, Police Reform Part-2 (2008) M. Phil in Police Administration Self Instruction Material. The global Open University, Nagaland.

Kathmandupost. (2014, 9 16). www.ekantipur.com. Retrieved from KathmanduPost: http://www.ekantipur.com/the-kathmandu-post/2014/09/15/related_articles/child-trafficking-nepals-tragic-phenomena/267509.html

Khatiwada, Y. R. (2014, March 27). Cooperatives, Economic Democracy and Human Security: Perspectives from Nepal. Retrieved from Nepal Rastra Bank: http://www.nrb.org.np/ofg/events_ofg/Governor's_Speeches--Governor's_Presentation_Paper_at_1st_National_Cooperative_Congress_a.pdf

Klockars, K. b. (1985). The Idea of Police . Beverrley Hill: Sage.

Koirala, R. H. (2014, December 11). www.telegraphnepal.com. Retrieved April 21st, 2015, from Telegraph Nepal: http://www.telegraphnepal.com/headline/2014-12-12/pm-sushil-koirala-punces-upon-nepal-police-offcials

Modi, N. (2014). Text of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s Speech at All India Conference of Director Generals/Inspector Generals of Police at Guwahati. Retrieved April 22nd, 2015, from http://www.narendramodi.in/text-of-prime-minister-shri-narendra-modis-speech-at-all-india-conference-of-director-generalsinspector-generals-of-police-at-guwahati/

Moore, G. L. (1988). “The Evolving Strategy of Policing,” Perspectives on Policing,. No. 4 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice; and Harvard University.

Nepal Police. (2014). Police Mirror. Kathmandu: Nepal Police .

Nepal HIV Investment Plan . (2013, October). THE NEPAL HIV INVESTMENT PLAN 2014-2016. THE NEPAL HIV INVESTMENT PLAN, 10. Government of Nepal Ministry of Health and Populaiton supported by UNAIDS.

Nepali Times. (2012, October 8th). http://www.nepalitimes.com. Retrieved April 20th, 2015, from Nepali Times: http://www.nepalitimes.com/blogs/thebrief/2012/10/08/ohchr-releases-nepal-conflict-report/

NHRC annual Report. (2013/2014). National Human Rights Commisson Annual Report. Lalitpur, Nepal: National Human Rights Commisson Annual Report. Retrieved from http://www.nhrcnepal.org/nhrc_new/doc/newsletter/Annual%20Report%20Nep%20Full%202070-71.pdf

NHRL Nepal Report. (2014, June 30). International Coordinating Committee Sub-Committee on Accreditation (ICC-SCA) – National Human Rights Commission of Nepal (NHRC Nepal). Informal Sector Service Center (INSEC). Retrieved from http://www.inseconline.org/userfiles/ICC-SCA%20accreditation%20review-ANNI-CoverPage.pdf

OSCA. (2013, May 25). www.osac.gov. Retrieved April 20th, 2015, from United States Department of State Bureau of Deplomatic Secuirty: https://www.osac.gov/pages/ContentReportDetails.aspx?cid=13650

Pokharel, Y. R. (n.d.). CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM OF NEPAL (ND). Retrieved April 22nd, 2015, from http://www.ncf.org.np/upload/files/768_en_Criminal%20Justice%20System%20of%20Nepal.pdf

Poudel, K. (2013, Sep 7). www.spotlightnepal.com. Retrieved from New Spotlight Magazine: http://www.spotlightnepal.com/News/Article/NEPAL-POLICE-Unstable-As-Ever

Reith, C. (1912). The Blind Eye of Histiory: A study of the Origin of the Present Police Era. London: Faber.

Samuel, W. (1977). Critical History of Police Reform: The Emergence of Professionalism. Aero Pub. Inc. Laxington, MT: Lexington Books .

Sangroula, Y. (2013). Criminal Justice, Problem, Challenges and Reform. In C. f. Studies(CSJS), & K. Nepal (Ed.), KASAUTIMA NEPAL PRAHARI (Nepal Police Under Scrutiny). Kathmandu: Centre for Security and Justice.

Security Sector Agency Modernization High-level Action Committee Report. (2012).

Shield, P. &. (2013). A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management. New Forums Press.pp. 193-229 ISBN 1-58107-247-3.

Shrestha, C. (2004). Nepal coping with Maoist insurgency-conflict analysis and resolution. Kathmandu: Chetana Lokshum.

Shrestha, C. B. (2004). Nepal coping with Maoist insurgency-conflict analysis and resolution. Kathmandu: Chetana Lokshum.

Shrestha, D. B. (2004). Nepal coping with Maoist insurgency-conflict analysis and resolution. Kathmandu: Chetana Lokshum.

Shrestha, T. M. (2011). Border security department. Armed Police Day Special Publication. APF HQs.

Shrestha, T. M. (2012). National Police Academy and National Development. APF HQs, Armed Police Day Special Publiation (p. 28). Kathmandu: Armed Police Force, Nepal.

Singh, R. B. (2007). Policing in partnership:A demand for community safety. In S. World, Policing in Nepal:A collection of essays (p. 60). kathmandu: Saferworld. Retrieved Sep 2007.

Smith, S. (2012). The increasing insecurity of security studies-1996 : Contemporary Security policy cited by Pinar Bilgin in Critical Theory in Security Stidies. In P. D. Williams (Ed.), Security Stidies (p. 96). New york: First Indian Print -Routledge.

Swanson, C. R. (1998). Police Administration; Structure, Process & Behaviour (4th ed.). Upper Saddle Rive, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Tamang, D. (2014). Polity and criminality in Nepalese perspective. CID Magazine 2071(4), 108-109. Kathmandu: Crime Investigation Department, Nepal Police Headquartes.

Thapa, P. G. (2007). Community policing: Lessons from Nepal. In S. World, Policing in Nepal:A collection of essays. Safer World.

The Asia Foundation. (2012). A Guide to Governemnt in Nepal Structures, Functions, and Practices. The Asia Foundation.

The Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007. (n.d.). In Part 17 (1); Amended by the First Amendment. (p. 116). Kathmandu, Nepal: Government of Nepal, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs; Law Books Managements Board.

Trade Economics . (2015, April 23). www.tradingeconomics.com. Retrieved April 23, 2015, from Trade Economic:

United Naions. (2011). Handbook on police accountability, oversight and integrity UNODC. New York: UNITED NATIONS.

UNODC. (2006). Public Safety and Police Service Delivery: Criminal justice assessment toolkit, Vienna International Center, Vienna, Austria,. Vienna, Austria : United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC),Vienna International Center , www.unodc.org. Retrieved from www.unodc.org.

UNODC. (2013-2015). Promoting the rule of law and countering drugs and crime in South Asia. Regional Programme for South Asia. Retrieved April 21, 2015, from http://www.unodc.org/documents/southasia//webstories/RP_South_Asia_FINAL.pdf

Upreti, B. R. (2009). Proliferation of small armsand challenges to post-conflictstate building.

V.A. Leonard Ph.D. & Harry W. More Ph.D. (1987). Police organization and management-police science series, 7th Edition. Mineola, New York: The Foundation Press, INC.

Wheeler, B. K. (2008). The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation and Trust inworld Politics. London : Palgrave Macmillan.

Willis, J. J. (2009, December 14). www.oxfordbibliographies.com. doi:10.1093/OBO/9780195396607-0034


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies  

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.