A Generic Structure Analysis of Selected News Commentaries on Radio Nigeria

- Agbeleoba, Samuel Oyeyemi, - Bamisaye, - Toyin


This paper is an exploration of the Generic Structure Pattern of news commentaries. Previous studies have applied the GSP approach to a number of discourses in the mass media as well as some religious texts in order to establish their generic structures. They include business letters, newspaper editorials magazine editorials and newspaper articles. These previous researches have also focused their attentions only on the print media and religious manuals.  However, none has focused on news commentaries. This paper fills this gap in knowledge by exploring news commentaries on Radio Nigeria in order to find out its generic structure as a broadcast text.

Twenty news commentaries were purposively selected, five from each of the following sectors: economy, politics, education, health and sports. The Generic Structure Potential model which is an aspect of the Systemic Functional Theory associated with Halliday and Hasan (1985) was adopted as the framework for the analysis of these news commentaries. The GSP model is premised upon the fact that Contextual Configuration (CC) “permits statements about the text structures” to be made.

This paper is able to identify Anchor’s Introduction (AI), Orientation (O), Spotlighting (S) and Resolution or Lesson (RL) as obligatory elements while optional elements are Commentary Lead (CL), Problem/Cause (PC) and Solution/Effect (SE).

The paper submits that the GSP of news commentaries on Radio Nigeria can be viewed as [AI] ^ (CL) ^ [O] ^[S] ^ [(PC). (SE)] ^[RL].


GSP, News Commentaries, Politics, Economy, Health

Full Text:



Abdulkadir, Mansur 2000. Popular culture in advertising. In Fardon and Graham Furniss (ed.) African broadcast culture: Radio in transition. London: James Currey Publishers.

Adesina, B. S. & O. O. Fagunleka 2017. Generic structure potential analysis of feature articles in Nigerian newspapers. In UJAH Volume 18 No.1, 2017. Pp.108-130. http://dx.doi./org/10.4314/ujah.v18i1.6retrieved on 12/9/2017.

Ansary, H. and Babaii, E. 2004. The generic integrity of newspaper editorials: a systemic functional perspective. Asian EFL Journal 6: pp. 1-28.

Ansary, H. and Babaii, E. 2009. A cross-cultural analysis of English newspaper editorials: a systemic-functional view of text for contrastive Rhetoric Research. RELC Journal 40.2:211-248.

Bolivar, A. 1994. The structure of newspaper editorials. In R. M. Coulthard. Ed. Advances in written text analysis. London: Routledge. 276-94.

Bula, F. 1996. No news here: the feature genre, newspapers, other storytelling form. Project, School of Communication, Simon Fraser University.

Bruce, I. 2009. Results section in sociology and organic chemistry articles: A genre analysis. English for Specific Purposes 28:105- 124. UJAH Volume 18 No.1, 2017

Garrison, B. 2004. Professional feature writing. 4th ed. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Ghadessy, M. 1993. On the nature of written business communication. Register analysis: Theory and practice. M. Ghadessy. Ed. London: Pinter Publishers. 149-164.

Halliday, M.A.K. 1985. Dimensions of discourse analysis and grammar. Handbook of Discourse Analysis. T. van Dijk. Ed. London: Academic Press. 29-56.

Halliday, M.A.K. and Hasan, R. 1985. Language, context and text: aspects of language in a social-semiotic perspective. Victoria: Deakin University.

Hasan, R. 1984. The nursery tale as a genre. Nottingham Linguistic Circular 13:71-102.

Henry, A. and Roseberry, R. 1997. An investigation of the function, strategies and linguistic features of the introductions and conclusions of essays. System25:479-495.

Katajamaki, H. and Koskela, M. 2007. The rhetorical structure of editorials in English, Swedish and Finnish business newspapers. Teoksessa Proceedings of the 5th International Aelfe Conference: Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza 215-219. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from http://www.nic.fi/~hesuka/katajamakikoskela.pdf.

Leech, G. N & M. H. Short 1981. Style in fiction: A linguistic guide to English fictional prose. London: Longman Group Limited.

Odebunmi, A. 2007. The stylistics of religious electronic media advertisement in Nigeria. Style in religious communication in Nigeria. A. Odebunmi & A. Babajide. Eds. Munchen: Lincom Europa. 1-26.

Ogungbe, E. O. 2012. Pragmatic acts in the news reports of some Nigerian newspapers. Ph.D Thesis, Department of English, University of Ibadan.

Radio Nigeria Network News Bulletins 2010-2017. FRCN Archive.

Radio Nigeria 2013. Pendants of rhythm: A selection of Radio Nigeria network news commentaries, vol.1, Nigeria: FRCN.

Santosa, R. 2005. Register in English newspaper. Surakarta: Faculty of Letters and Fine Art, Sebelas Maret University.

Santosa, R. 2009. Genre in media discourse. Journal of Bahasa Sastradan Studi Amerika, English Department: Maret University. 1-23.

Stephens, M. 1994. History of newspapers. Colliers encyclopedia.

Swales, J.M. 1990. Genre analysis: English in academic and research setting. Cambridge: C.U.P.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.11n.1p.59


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.