The Effect of Keyword and Context Methods on Vocabulary Retention of Iranian EFL Learners

Hassan Soleimani, Maryam Saeedi, Reza Mohajernia


This study intended to investigate the comparative effectiveness of keyword and context method on immediate and delayed vocabulary retention of EFL learners. It also compared the rate of forgetting in the keyword and context groups. With a quasi experimental design, 40 learners from two intact classes in a language teaching institute in Khorramabad, Iran, were randomly assigned to the keyword and context group. The keyword group received the keyword strategy training, while the context group focused on learning vocabulary in their real context. The result indicated that learners in the keyword group recalled more vocabulary immediately after training and one week later. The results also indicated the rate of forgetting is more in the context group than in the keyword group.



Vocabulary Learning, Keyword Strategy, Context Strategy, Vocabulary Retention

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