Learning Strategies in L2 Settings in Saudi Arabia: An Annotated Bibliography

Fahad Alqurashi


Teaching English as a second/foreign language has gained increasing significance all over the world. Investigating learning strategies has become one of the major areas of research in the expanding field of L2 acquisition. Many researchers have addressed various aspects and different issues related to this field. This annotated bibliography is designed to be of help to researchers working on learning strategies in second/foreign language settings and to provide language teachers with a solid theoretical and pedagogical background based on data of many types from different angles to enhance their teaching. The current work is by no means exhaustive, but an attempt to give an overview of the field and highlights published studies written on a variety of topics related to learning strategies in the context of teaching English as a foreign language in Saudi Arabia. Works listed in this annotated bibliography are divided into two categories; journal articles and dissertations and theses. Studies in each category are arranged alphabetically by author and for each work there is a brief non-evaluative synopsis of the study objectives, instrument(s) of data collection, and results.


Learning Strategies, Second/foreign Language, Annotated Bibliography

Full Text:



Ahmed, O. N. (2012). The effect of different learning styles on developing writing skills of EFL Saudi learners. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 5(2), 220-233.

Al Maghraby, M. A. & Alshami, A. M. (2013). Learning style and teaching method preferences of Saudi students of physical therapy. J Family Community Med, 20(3), 192-197.

Al Nooh, A. (2013). The Effectiveness of Reading Techniques Used in a Saudi Arabian Secondary School Classroom as Perceived by Students and Teachers: A Study of Methods Used in Teaching English and their Effectiveness. Arab World English Journal, 4(3), 331- 345

Al Tale', M. A. (2016). Utilizing Learning Styles in EFL Teaching. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 3(6), 81- 86.

Al-Abbasi, J. A. A. (2007). Beliefs and vocabulary learning strategies in Saudi Arabia. PhD dissertation, University of Nottingham.

Al-Asmary A. A. (2007). The Effect of Learning Strategies on Vocabulary Learning by King Saud University Students Majoring in English. MA Thesis, King Saud University.

Albousaif, M. A. (2012). Factors determining Saudi learners' difficulties in attaining EFL vocabulary. PhD thesis, University of Newcastle.

Al-Braik, M. S. (1986). Investigation of the successful attributes of English as a second language of Saudi Arabian Students studying in the United States of America. PhD dissertation, Pennsylvania State University.

Al-Fuhaid, M. (2004) Vocabulary learning strategies: an empirical study of their use and evaluation by Saudi EFL learners majoring in English. PhD thesis, Durham University.

Alhaisoni, E. (2012). Language Learning Strategy Use of Saudi EFL Students in an Intensive English Learning Context. Asian Social Science, 8(13), 115-127.

Alharthi, T. (2011). The Impact of Writing Strategies on the Written Product of EFL Saudi Male Students at King Abdul-Aziz University. PhD thesis, University of Newcastle.

Alhaysony, M. (2012). Vocabulary discovery strategy used by Saudi EFL students in an intensive English language learning context. International Journal of Linguistics, 4(2), 518- 535.

Alhaysony, M. H. (2008). Saudi-female English major students' writing strategies in L1 (ARABIC) AND L2 (English). PhD thesis, University of Essex

Al-Hebaishi, S. M. (2012). Investigating the relationships between learning styles, strategies and the academic performance of Saudi English majors. International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 1(8), 510-520.

Aljuaid, H. (2015). Language Learning Strategies Used by a Group of Saudi Arabian EFL Learners. PhD thesis, Griffith University.

Alkahtani, M. (2011). Learning styles of EFL Saudi college-level students in online and traditional educational environments. PhD dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

Alkahtani, S. S. (2016). Language learning strategies among Saudi EFL college students and their relationship to students’ perceptual learning style, gender, academic major and proficiency level. PhD dissertation, University of Tennessee.

Alkubaidi, M. A. (2014). The relationship between Saudi English major university students’ writing performance and their learning style and strategy use. English Language Teaching, 7(4), 83-95.

Almaghrabi, B. K. (2012). Saudi college students' independent language learning strategies through multimedia resources: Perceptions of benefits and implications for language learning. MA Thesis, Southern Illinois University.

Almandil, S. I. (1999). An investigation into strategy use and background variables in learning English: The case of tertiary level Students in Saudi Arabia. PhD Thesis, University of London.

Almigbal, T. H. (2015). Relationship between the learning style preferences of medical students and academic achievement. Saudi Medical Journal, 36(3), 349-355.

Almutairi, N. H. (2007). The influence of educational and sociocultural factors on the learning styles and strategies of female students in Saudi Arabia. PhD Thesis, University of Leicester.

Alnufaie, M. R. (2014). Writing strategies of Saudi Arabian ESP learners: Competence, apprehension and the role of strategy instruction. PhD thesis, University of Dublin.

Al-Nujaidi, A. (2003). The relationship between vocabaulry size, reading strategies, and reading comprehension of EFL learners in Saudi Arabia. PhD dissertation, Oklahoma State University.

Al-Otaibi, G. (2004). Language learning strategy use among Saudi ESL students and its relationship to language proficiency level, gender and motivation. PhD dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

Alqarni , I. R. (2018). Saudi English Major Freshmen Students’ Vocabulary Learning Strategies: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 7(1), 141-145.

Al-Refay, N. & Koura, A. (2010). Language Learning Strategies Used by Saudi secondary School Students and their Relationship to Achievement in ESL. 3oth CDELT National Symposium on English Language Teaching. 26th -27th October. AinShams University. Cairo

Alsamadani, H. (2009). The relationship between Saudi EFL college-level students' use of reading strategies and their EFL reading comprehension. PhD dissertation, Ohio University.

Al-Saud, L. M. 2013 Learning Style Preferences of First-Year Dental Students at King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Influence of Gender and GPA. Journal of Dental Education, 77(10), 1371-1378

Al-Seghayer, K. (2014). The impact of gender and reading proficiency level on online reading strategies employed by EFL learners. Journal of Educational Sciences of King Saud University, 6 (2), 493-509.

Al-Semari, O. (1993). Saudi Students’ Revising Strategies in Arabic and English Essays. PhD thesis, Michigan State University.

Alwahibee, K. M. (2000). The relationship between language learning strategies and the English language oral proficiency of Saudi university level ESL students. PhD dissertation, University of Kansas.

Alyami, S. (2011). Vocabulary learning strategies of Saudi EFL majors of different gender, year and proficiency: use and reasons for use. PhD thesis, University of Essex.

Arif A. M. H. Al-Ahdal & A. A. H. Al-Ma'amari. (2015). Learning Strategies of the Arab EFL Learners: Finding Correlation with Outcomes. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 6(5), 230-241.

Choudhary Z. J., Al-thubaiti, T. S., & Uthman, A. (2013). Effects of English language proficiency on the choice of language learning strategies by Saudi English-major undergraduates. English Language Teaching, 6(1), 35-47.

Haywood, A. L. (2005). The Relationship between Student Learning Styles and L2 Acquisition in Two International High Schools’ English Language Classrooms in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PhD dissertation, University of Mississippi.

McMullen, M. G. (2009). Using Language Learning Strategies to Improve the Writing Skills of Saudi EFL Students: Will it Really Work? System, 37(3). 418-433.

Nuzhat, A., Salem, R., Quadri, M., & Al-Hamdan, N. (2011). Learning style preferences of medical students: a single-institute experience from Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Education; Nottingham, 2. 70-73.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.7p.17


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