President Joko Widodo’s Rhetorical Technique of Arguing in the Presidential Speeches of the Reform Era

- Noermanzah, - Emzir, Ninuk Lustyantie

Abstract


A good speech has the power in presenting the rhetorical argument, therefore it is required a study corresponds to the speech preparation with rhetorical techniques to argue, especially in the presidential speech of the President of the Republic of Indonesia Joko Widodo of reform era in the field of education. The research method was the critical discourse analysis method of Norman Fairclough model. Data collection techniques used were documentation techniques, note-taking techniques, and interviews. Data analysis techniques were administered by connecting micro, meso, and macro elements in dimensions: (a) text, (b) discourse practice, and (b) socio-cultural practices. The results show that President Joko Widodo and his team used the argument technique: 1) The introduction has two patterns: (a) claim and ground; and (b) claims. 2) The trunk or content section has a pattern: (a) claim and ground; (b) claim, ground, and claim; (c) claim, ground, and warrant; (d) claim, ground, and possible; and (e) claim, ground, warrant and backing with each sub topic or argument, minimally and dominantly comprising claim and ground. 3) The closing section has a pattern: (a) claim, ground, and claim; (b) claim. The rhetorical technique of arguing in a presidential speech aims at explaining the plans of educational programs, undertaken educational programs, and the promise and expectation to improve the quality of education in Indonesia during the reform era.

Keywords


Rhetorical Techniques Of Arguing; Presidential Speech, Reform Era

Full Text:

PDF

References


Altikriti, S. (2016). Persuasive speech acts in Barack Obama’s inaugural speeches (2009, 2013) and the last state of the union address (2016). International Journal of Linguistics, 8 (2): 63. http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v8i2.9274

Aydoğan, H., & Akbarov, A. A. (2014). The four basic language skills, whole language & intergrated skill approach in mainstream university classrooms in Turkey. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(9), 673. Doi:10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n9p672

Crusius, T.W. & Channel, C.E. (2003). The aims of argument: a text and reader, 4th edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Company.

Eriyanto, R. (2000). Kekuasaan otoriter dari gerakan penindasan sampai menuju politik hegemoni. Yogyakarta: Insist.

Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical discourse analysis: the critical study of language. London and New York: Longman.

Hamilton, Ch. (2012). Essentials of public speaking, fifth edition. USA: Wadsworth.

Jupriono, D. (2010). Analisis wacana kritis latar historis pidato kenegaraan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Parafrase, 3 (2): 38-39.

McCrimmon, J. M. (1984). Writing with a purpose. New Jersey: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Noermanzah. D. (2016). Sermon rhetoric patterns of President Joko Widodo’s oration in the occasion of Bung Karno's oration on June 1, 1945 commemoration. Journal of Indonesian Language Education and Literary (JILEL), 1 (2): 22-23.

Noermanzah, E., & Lustyantie, N. (2017). Variety of rhetorics in political speech President of the Republic of Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Joko Widodo in educational field. Humanus: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Humaniora, 16(2), 221–238. https://doi.org/10.24036/humanus.v16i2.8103

Nur, Agustiar Syah. (2001). Perbandingan sistem pendidikan 15 negera. Bandung: Lubuk Agung Bandung.

Rakhmat, J. (2009). Retorika modern: pendekatan praktis. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Rakhmat, J. (2014). Retorika modern pengantar pertama retorika modern: sebuah kerangka teori dan praktik berpidato. Bandung: Angkasa.

Renkema, J. (2004). Introduction to discourse studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Ricky, H. (2014). Perbandingan retorika Prabowo Subianto dan Joko Widodo dalam debat calon presiden 2014 (Studi kasus retorika debat calon presiden 2014 mengenai pembangunan ekonomi dan kesejahteraan sosial). Retrieved from http://e-journal.uajy.ac.id/6444/

Shabani, S. (2018). Persuasive strategies towards racial appeal in Tony Morrison’s the bluest eye. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature (IJALEL), 7 (1): 20. http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.1p.19

Syafi’e, I. (1998). Retorika dalam menulis. Jakarta: Depdikbud, Dikti.

Warburton, E. (2016). Jokowi and the new developmentalism. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 52 (3): 317. https://doi.org/10.1080/00074918.2016.1249262

Winkler, A. C., & McCueen, J.R. (1974). Rhetoric made plain: third edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.5p.117

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.