The Newest Survey on Language Attitude of Sundanese Urban Community in West Java Province, Indonesia Against Sundanese, Indonesian, And Foreign Language: A Study on Multilingual Speaker

Ade Mulyanah M.Hum

Abstract


This research  intends to describe the newest survey on the language attitude of the Sundanese, West Java, Indonesia  Urban Community  against Sundanese, Indonesian, and foreign language. The methodology   of the reserach  is quantitative method.  Although most of the people in West Java  are Sundanese , most of them are multilingual. Therefore, the writer tries  to find the language attitude of Sundanese toward  Sundanese, Indonesia, and foreign language. Respondents involved in the research are  324 respondents living in Bogor city, 84 respondents living  in Bandung city, and 92 respondents living in Bekasi city.  The study seeks to discover how Sundanese people shift their language in their communication. Based on Keller’s theory  (1968), language shift caused more by the emergence of the industry. The three cities are industrial area where people are possibly to choose certain language in communication. Furthermore, Cooper (1978) showed that the role of language became the lingua franca (in this case, including Indonesian) often urged the local language. The result of the research  indicates  that   (1)  the attitude of the Sundanese urban community in West Java to the Sundanese language is good category, because the average only reaches 64.11% . The language attitude of people in Bogor is the lowest among the three cities. (2) The language attitude of the Sundanese urban community in West Java to the Indonesian language is in fair category , because the average is only 56.19%. The lowest language attitude of urban community in West Java toward Indonesian language is  Bekasi.(3) The attitude of the Sundanese urban community in West Java to foreign languages is in good category because the average  reaches  69.85%. The highest language attitude toward foreign language is Bogor. Since this is the newest survey on language attitude on urban community in West Java, it will be very significant findings for those who are interested in multingual conditions in West Java, Indonesia.


Keywords


language attitude, Sundanese, sciolinguistics, multilingual

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.1p.223

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