The Chinese and Kazakh Languages Comparative Study: Subject-Predicate Sentence Structure

Nurhalyk Abdurakyn, Alina Nurzhayeva, Anar Mustafayeva, Dariga Kokeyeva, Kaldybay Kydyrbayev

Abstract


This article compares subject-predicate sentence and subject-predicate-object sentence forms with extended sentence of the Kazakh language. It compares Chinese and Kazakh sentences with subject-predicate sentence structure and studies differences of verb-predicate sentences word order. Detailed comparative study of Chinese and Kazakh language differences and characteristics. Morphology structure of Chinese language belongs to radical language, and Kazakh language belongs to the type of adhesive language, syntax of Chinese and Kazakh Languages in the same syntactic structure often used in different ways, the morphological role in Chinese and Kazakh language is also not the same, and even the same kind of grammatical means in Chinese and Kazakh languages are various. According to the analysis of languages, the different positions of word order, the function of words and grammatical word order are different too. The same syntax is very considerable, and lead to different syntactic structures. Chinese thinking reflects the realities as follows: subject - action- object. It is reflected in the grammatical structure: Subject - predicate - object. Kazakh thinking reflects the realities as follows: subject - object - action. It is reflected in the grammatical structure: Subject - object - predicate. Chinese and Kazakh predicate and object places in a sentence are different, but their dominance relationship is the same.

 


Keywords


Chinese, Kazakh, word order, predicate sentence, predicate-object sentence, nominative, non-nominative

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.7p.197

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