Cosmic Mysticism: Quest for the Absolute in the Works of Tagore and Sri Aurobindo

Swati Samantaray

Abstract


Cosmic mysticism is an immediate experience of oneness with God by means of ecstatic and wordless contemplation. The Indian Renaissance poets Rabindranath Tagore and Sri Aurobindo are spiritual humanists who believe that the entire creation is pervaded by the presence of God. Their exceptional minds have an instinctive urge to synthesize and transform, transmute and transcend  the aspects of reality. They regard humans as a replica of the Divine Spirit and hence they value man's  ideals and aspirations. Their ways of depicting this is very different, albeit their works bear an analogous thematic purpose, which is cosmic mysticism. This paper  delineates the perception of cosmic mysticism in the works of Tagore and Aurobindo. The central theme of their writings – the spiritualization of earthly life – rests on their beliefs that God exists in all of Nature and that spiritual intuition makes it possible for every individual to become conscious of their own divinity. The poets display the cosmic trinity of mind, body and soul in their works and are committed to achieving cosmic consciousness and social amelioration.

 


Keywords


Mysticism, Divine, spirituality, nature, love, philosophy, inspiration, humanism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aurobindo. (1995). Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol. USA: Lotus Press, pp. 25-26.

_________ . (1971). The Future Poetry. Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram.

_________ . (1990). The Life Divine. Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram.

_________ . (1972). Collected Poems. Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library. Vol. 5.

_________. (1972). "The Sources of Poetry", The Harmony of Virtue in SABCL, Vol. 3, Pondicherry: SAA, p. 102.

Badrinath, D. (2015). Divine Love and Joy in Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali: A Journey to Self-Knowledge. Chennai: Notion Press.

Chakravorty, B.C. (1971). Rabindranath Tagore - His Mind and Art. New Delhi: Young India Publications, p. 45.

Cornelissen, R.M., Matthijs, Girishwar, M., & Suneet, V. (2011). Foundations of Indian Psychology. Delhi: Pearson Education India, p.159.

Das, Sisir Kumar ed. (1996). The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore, vol. II, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

Devy, G. N. (Ed.). (2002). Indian Literary Criticism: Theory and Interpretation. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, p.149.

Dutt, Indu Ed. & Tr. (1953). A Tagore Testament. London: Meridan Books.

Ghosal, G. (2007). The Rainbow Bridge. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld.

Grover, V. (1993). Sri Aurobindo Ghose. Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications.

Gupta, N.K. (1970). Seer Poets. Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram.

Ignatius, G. (1961). All Mine, My True Love, and I All His. In The Proceedings of Indian Philosophical Congress, 36th Session, published by Rabindranath Tagore Birth Centenary Celebrations, Visva-Bharati, p. 216.

Iyengar, K. R. Srinivasa. (1950). Indian Writing in English. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, p. 211.

James, G.A. (1999). Ethical Perspectives on Environmental Issues in India. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation.

Kapoor, S. (1991). Sri Aurobindo Ghosh and Bal Gangadhar Tilak: The Spirit of Freedom. New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications, p.65.

Krinsky, Santosh. (2013). Readings in Sri Aurobindo's Rebirth and Karma. Lotus Press, p.50.

Laveman, Larry. (2006). Mysticism and Modern Life. California: Metall Press, p.11.

Mohanty, Bindu. From Man to Superman. https://www.lifepositive.com/from-man-to-superman/ Retrieved on 30 October 2015.

Murali, S. (1997). Mantra of Vision: An Overview of Sri Aurobindo's Aesthetics. Delhi: B. R. Publishing Corporation.

Naik, M.K. (1982). A History of Indian English Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, p.47.

Nanda, R.T. (1997). Contemporary Approaches to Value Education in India. New Delhi: Regency Publications. Pp -202-220.

Naravane, V.S. (1977). An Introduction to Rabindranath Tagore. Delhi: Macmillan, p.9.

Prasad, Amar Nath & Rajiv K. Mallik. (2007). Indian English Poetry and Fiction: Critical Elucidations. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons.

Patel, A. (2002). Perspectives on Sri Aurobindo's Poetry, Plays, and Criticism. New Delhi: Sarup and Sons, p.7-8.

Radhakrishnan, S. (1992). Rabindranath Tagore: A Centenary Volume 1861-1961. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, p.21.

_____________. (1918). The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore. London: Macmillan.

Roy, R.N. (1992). Rabindranath Tagore: The Dramatist. Calcutta: A. Mukerjee & Co.

Samantaray, S. (2013). Demystifying Mysticism: A Comparative Study of the Poetry of William Blake and Rabindranath Tagore. 3L:The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 19(2), pp. 41-51.

Shelley, P.B. (1993). Selected Poems, Canada: General Publishing Company.

Sandburg, Carl. (2015). The People, Yes. London: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, p. 285.

Tagore. (1912). Gitanjali, London: Macmillan & Co. (Subsequent references are from this edition)

_________.(2006). Sadhana. USA: Filiquarian Publishing.

_________. (1922). Poems from Tagore. Calcutta: Macmillan & Co.

_________. (1916). Stray Birds. New York: Mcmillan & Co.

_________. (1916). Fruit Gathering. London: Mcmillan & Co.

_________. (1912).The Gardener. London: Macmillan & Co.

_________. (1991). My Reminiscences. intro by Andrew Robinson. London: Mcmillan Publishers Limited, p.153-154.

_________. (1994). The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore : A Miscellany. Vol.3. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, p.688.

_________. (1986)."Introduction" to Banabani, Rabindra Rachanavali, Vol.8. Kolkata: Visva Bharati, p. 87.

Tagore, R., & Mohit, K.R. (2007). The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore. Vol.4. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers , pp.356-357.

Varma, V.P. (2006). Philosophical Humanism and Contemporary India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.6n.1p.298

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.