The Majesty of Human Effort in Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea

Sabah Abdul Hameed Shakury


The purpose of this study is to discuss the effort of the leading character of Heminway’s The Old Man and the Sea, as an example of human effort, in a context which shows his sense of isolation in the society. Santiago’s awareness of his individual role in the universe permits him more authentic effort. The major task of the researcher is to discuss Santiago’s consistent effort to restore his character and thereby renew his life and be once again part of the community. The researcher’s interest is to show which goal Santiago tries to achieve: pride or endurance?



Santiago, majesty, pride, endurance, defeat, triumph, marlin

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