Apologies as Politeness Strategies Expressed by Characters in "Revolutionary Road" Movie

Elham Abedi, Farinaz Shirani Bidabadi, Hadi Salehi

Abstract


This research aimed to investigate kinds of offences that motivate the characters in the movie "Revolutionary Road" to deliver their apology and to describe the way the characters express their apologies. The study used Trosborg's apology strategies and Holmes' social dimensions of communication and kinds of offences finding, Hymes' ethnography of communication with SPEAKING formula. The data of the research were taken from apology expressions employed in the movie entitled "Revolutionary Road". The corpus included the sentences containing apology expressions following an offence, and other supporting expressions employed by the characters in the movie "Revolutionary Road". The dialogues containing apology expressions and the types of offenses from the apology expressions were transcribed. The result showed that the kinds of offenses were infringement on space, infringement on talk, infringement on time, infringement on possession and social behavior offence. The characters in the movie “Revolutionary Road” expressed their apologies with the simple and complex form of apology strategies both directly and indirectly. They also delivered their apologies in high tone and low tone. They also showed nonverbal expressions in apologizing. The apology strategies were influenced by the degree of severity of the offence and the response given by the addressee. The employing of apology strategy in apologizing was influenced by the social distance, the formality of the situation, and the social status of the participants. It is implied that the speech act of apology in different contexts including movies should be regarded and considered by sociolinguistics.

 


Keywords


Sociolinguistics, Speech act theory, Apology, Revolutionary road

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, R. C. & Gomery, D. (1985). Film History: Theory and Practice. New York: McGrawHill.

Al-Zumor, A. W. Q. G. (2011). Apologies in Arabic and English: An inter-language and cross-cultural study. Journal of King Saud University-Languages and Translation, 23(1), 19-28.

Chaklader, S. (1990). Sociolinguistics: A Guide to Language Problems in India. India: Mittal

Publications.

Chamani, F.& Zareipur, P. (2010) A Cross-Cultural Study of Apologies in British English and Persian. Concentric: Studies in Linguistics 36(1), 133-153

Fahmi, R., & Fahmi, R. (2006). Apology strategies of Jordanian EFL university students. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 1901-1927.

Holmes, J. (1992). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. UK: Longman Group Ltd.

Indrawati, E. (2003). The Analysis of The Act of Apologizing in Oscar Wilde’s “The Picture of Dorian Gray”. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University.

Jebahi, K. (2011). Tunisian university students‟ choice of apology strategies in a discourse completion task. Journal of Pragmatics, 43(2), 648-662.

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mey, J. L. (1993). Pragmatics: An Introduction. UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Mills, S. (2003). Gender and Politeness. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Nureddeen, F. A. (2008). Cross cultural pragmatics: Apology strategies in Sudanese Arabic. Journal of Pragmatics, 40(2), 279-306.

Wolfson, N. & Judd, E. (1983). Sociolinguistics and Language Acquisition. Rowley: Newbury House Publishers, Inc.

Yule, G. (1996b). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.6p.134

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.