The Effect of Storytelling Technique on Speaking Ability of Female Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners

Esmail Zare-Behtash, Amin Saed, Fatemeh Sajjadi

Abstract


The main purpose of the present quasi-experimental study is to investigate the effect of storytelling technique on writing ability of Iranian intermediate EFL learners. To this end, 40 female intermediate EFL learners with the age range of 14-16 attending Chabahar Maritime University High School were initially selected. The homogeneity of their proficiency level was established via the administration of a TOEFL (the Paper-Based Test) proficiency test. Then they were randomly divided into two control and experimental groups. A speaking test was administered to female subjects of both groups at the beginning of the study. The experimental group used storytelling technique two times a week while the control group was not trained on this technique. At the end of the study, a speaking test was administered to all subjects for examining their ability in speaking skill. Independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test were performed for data analysis. The results showed that storytelling technique had a significant effect on improving the speaking ability of intermediate EFL learners.

 


Keywords


Storytelling technique, speaking ability, EFL learners

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alna, O. (1999). The importance of oral storytelling in literacy development. The Ohio Reading Teacher, 15-18.

Applebee, A. (1978). The child’s concept of story. Illinois: University of Chicago Press.

Baker, R., & Greene, M. (1985). Storytelling: Art and Technique. London: Longman.

Barton, B., & Booth, D. (1990). Stories in the classroom. Portsmouth,NH: Heinemann.

Barzaq, M. (2009). Integrating Sequential Thinking Thought Teaching Stories in the Curriculum. Action Research.AlQattan Center for Educational Research and Development QCERD.

Bloch, J. (2010). Digital storytelling: The second language writing classroom. In Office of the chief information officer. Retrieved from ttp://digitalunion.osu.edu/2010/08/19/ digital-storytelling-the- second-language-writing-classroom/

Byrne, D. (1986). Teaching oral English. London: Longman.

Colon-Vila, A. (1997). Storytelling in an ESL classroom. Teaching PreK-8, 27(5), 58-59.

Cooper, P. J., Collins, R., & Saxby, M. (1992). The Power of Story. Elbourne: MacMillan.

Davies, A. (2007). Storytelling in the classroom: enhancing traditional oral skills for teachers and pupils. London: Paul Chapman.

Doff, A. (1995). Teach English :A training course for teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Farrell, C. (1991). Storvtelling a Gujde for Teachers. New York: Scholastic.

Fisher, W. (1984). Narration as a Human Communication Paradigm: the Case of Public Moral Argument. Communication Monographs, 51, 1-23.

Fox, C. (1993). At the very edge of the forest: The influence of literature on storytelling by children. London: Casell.

Haven, F. K. (2000). Super simple storytelling: a can-do guide for every classroom, every day. Englewood, Colo: Teacher Ideas Press.

Jianing, X. (2007). Storytelling in the EFL Speaking Classroom. Internet TESL Journal,13(11), 1-8.

Kayi, H. (2012). Teaching speaking: Activities to promote speaking in a second language. The Internet TESL Journal. Retrieved June 20 2014, from http://unr.edu/homepage/hayriyek

Khamkhien, A. (2010). Teaching English Speaking and English Speaking Tests in the Thai Context: A Reflection from Thai Perspective. English Language Teaching Journal, 3(1), 184-200.

Koshy, V. (2005). Action research for improving practice: a practical guide (Vol. 11). London: SAGE.

Lipman, M. (2003). Thinking in education. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Maynard, B. (2005). The Importance of Story. Retrieved June 15 2014, from http://subversiveinfluence.com/2005/01/the-importance-of-story/

Meyer, R. J. (1995). Stories to teach and teaching story: The use of narrative in learning to teach. Language Arts, 72(4), 276-286.

Osborn, S. (2008). Public speaking guidebook. Boston: Pearson.

Patil, Z. N. (2008). Rethinking the objectives of teaching English in Asia. Asian EFL Journal, 10(4), 227-240.

Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (2002). Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice. Cambridge: Cambridge univrsity press.

Scharle, A., & Szabó, A. (2000). Learner autonomy: A guide to developing learner responsibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shumin, K. (1997). Factors to consider: Developing adult EFL students speaking abilities. English Teaching Forum, 35(3), 8. Staab, c. (1992). oral language for today's classroom. Markam: Pippin Publishing Press.

Underwood, M. (1989). Teaching Listening. London: Longman.

Wongsuwana, T. (2006). Speech could be trained. Thailand Education Journal, 21, 44-50.

Zhang, Y. (2009). Reading to speak: Integrating oral communication skills. English Teaching Forum, 47(1), 32-34.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.1p.209

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.