Reading Fluency Techniques from the Bottom-up: A Grounded Theory

Seyyed Ali Ostovar-Namaghi, Seyyedeh Mobina Hosseini, Shabnam Norouzi


In many EFL contexts, including language education milieu in Iran, reading fluency is usually taken for granted since language education in public high schools mainly focuses on reading comprehension. Taking the detrimental effect of fluency deficiency into account, some practitioners foreground reading fluency and try to develop it early on. To give voice to their theories of practice, this qualitative study interviewed teachers who were willing to share their experience with the researchers. In line with grounded theory, the iterative process of data collection and analysis continued until the conceptualization of fluency development techniques was saturated. The techniques emerged are conducive to fluency development and as such the findings have clear implications for practitioners and policy makers nation-wide.



Reading theory, reading fluency, reading techniques

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