H.G. Wells's Science Fiction: The Cyborg Visual Dromological Discourse

Ehsaneh Eshaghi


H. G. Wells, as the forefather of science fiction, has used the relative notion of time in his stories such as Time Machine (1895). Speed is the initiator of a discourse in which humans are floating and moving ahead and has become one of the main “discourses” of the human being. Paul Virilio's theory of “dromology”, "vision machine" and “virtual reality”, along with "the aesthetics of disappearance" are applied in criticizing the novel scientific discourse by Wells who engenders a machinic, in the Deleuzian sense, and a cyborg discourse, through which he connotes the imperial narratives and the dromocratic powers. The usage of the Cyborg discourse by Wells in his science fiction stories has been to emphasize how the dromological and vision discourses are the prerequisite to the panoptical discourse through the microscopic and telescopic visions. It is concluded that the splintering frame is the created visual frame in the Wellsian science fiction.



Aesthetics of Disappearance, The splintering frame, Cyborg discourse, DeleuzianMachinic, Dromocracy, Dromological discourses, Visual discourse, Time machine, Virtuality

Full Text:



Belsey, C. (1990). Critical Practice (2 ed.). London: Routledge.

Berghaus, G., & d'italianistica, A. (n.d.). Violence, War, Revolution: Marinetti's Concept of a Futurist Cleanser for the World.

Bergstein, M. (1992). On the Documentary Photography of Sculpture. The Art Bulletin, 74, 475-498.

Broderick, D. (2000). Terrible Angels: Science Fiction and the Singularity. In A. Sandison, & R. Dingley, Histories of the Future: Studies in Fact, Fantasy and Science Fiction (pp. 111-146). UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cantor, P. A., & Hufnagel, P. (2006). The Empire of the Future: Imperialism and Modernism in H. G. Wells. Studies in the Novel, 38 (1), 36+.

Chambers, I. (1995). Migrancy, Culture, Identity. New York: Routledge.

Cohen, R. D. (n.d.). Getting the Frame into the Picture: Wells, West, and the Mid-War Novel. University of South Carolina .

Colman, F. (Ed.). (2009). Film, Theory and Philosophy, The Key Thinkers. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.

Crossley, R. (n.d.). H.G. Wells, Visionary Telescopes, and the "Matter of Mars". Retrieved 8 28, 2010, from Questia: http://www.questia.com/PM.qstia=o&d=5015898056

Danahay, M. A. (2004, 7 5). Retrieved 5 8, 2013, from Sage Publication: http://www.sagepub.com/content

Davis, A. N. (2005). Invisible Disability. Ethics, 116, 153-213.

Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline and Punishment, The Birth of the Prison (2nd ed.). (A. Sheridan, Trans.) New York: Vintage Books.

Foucault, M. (1989). The Archeology of Knowledge. (A. M. Sheridan, Trans.) London: Routledge..

Gardner, M. (Ed.). (1997). The Country of the Blind, and Other Science Fiction Stories. New York: DoverPublication.

Goodlad, M. L. (2003). Beyond the Panopticon: Victorian Britain and the Critical Imagination. PMLA, 118, 539-556.

Gradner, J. A. (2005). Gravity Wells, Speculative Fiction Stories. New York: Harper collins.

Hale, P. J. (n.d.). Labourand the Human Relationship with Nature: The Naturalization of Politics in the Work of Thomas Henry Huxley, Herbert George Wells, and William Morris. Retrieved 4 18, 2010, from Springer: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4331802

Hall, E. D. (2004). Subjectivity. New York: Routledge.

Hollinger, V. (2000). A Language of the Future: Discursive Constructions of the Subject in A Clock Work Orange and Random Acts of Senseless Violence. In D. Seed, & A. Sawyer (Eds.), Speaking Science Ficion. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Holt, P. (n.d.). H.G. Wells and the Ring of Gyges. Retrieved 4 18, 2010, from SF-TH Inc.: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4240153

Homer, S. (2005). Jacques Lacan . New York: Routledge.

Hughes, D. Y. (n.d.). Dating H.G. Wells. Retrieved 4 18, 2010, from SF-TH Inc.: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4240912

James, I. (2007). Paul Virilio. Oxon: Routledge.

Kerslake, P. (2007). Science Fiction and Empire. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Laditka, J. N. (1991). Rhetoric Review (Vol. 2). London: Taylor & Francis.

Lee, M. P. (2010). Reading Meat in H.G. Wells. Studies in the Novel, 42 (3), 249-269.

Mansfield, N. (2000). Subjectivity: Theories of the Self from Freud to Haraway. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Otero-Pailos, J. (2000). Living or Leaving the Techno-Apocalypse: Paul Virilio's Critique of Technology and Its Contribution to Architecture. Architectural Education , 104-110.

Punt, M. (1995). Well, who you gonna believe, me or your own eyes? A Problem of Digital Photography. Velvet Light Trap (36), 3.

Quamen, H. N. (2005). Unnatural Interbreeding: H.G. Wells's "A Modern Utopia" as Species and Genre. Victorian Literature and Culture , 33, 67-84.

Reynolds, P. C. (1993, July). The Priest of Cyborg. The Month , 257-266.

Trigg, D. (2008). Place Becomes the Law. Griffith Law Review, 17 (2), 546.

Ujica, A., Virilio, P., Ogger, S., & Joseph, B. W. (2003). Toward the End of Gravity. Grey Room , 58-75.

Virilio, P. (2008). Negative Horizon. (M. Degener, Trans.) London: Continuum.

Virilio, P. (1994). Bunker Archeology. (G. Collins, Trans.) New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Virilio, P. (2007). Speed and Politics. (M. Polizzotti, Trans.) California: Semiotexte.

Virilio, P. (2009). The Aesthetics of Disappearance. (P. Beitchman, Trans.) Paris: editions Balland.

Wells, H. (n.d.). The First Men in the Moon. Pennsylvania State University Publication . (J. Manis, Ed.) Hazleton.

Wells, H. (n.d.). The Island of Dr. Moreau. Pennsylvania State University Publication . (J. Manis, Ed.) Hazleton.

Wells, H. (n.d.). The Time Machine. Pennsylvania State University Press . (J. Manis, Ed.) Hazleton.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.4n.1p.159


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.