Recurrent Theme of Primitive Reality in the Novels of Joyce Cary

Imam Alam Khan


The novels of Joyce Arthur Lunel Cary are microcosms of different realities. They reflect the time as well as society in which reality finds its reflection in a unique manner and distinctive forms. A perusal of Joyce Cary’s novels persuade us to go through the novels to find out the various forms of reality scattered here and there which influence the readers about what they feel the intensity of the reality. There are four types of realties which have found great delineation in the novels of Joyce Cary. They are: Primitive, Imaginative, Human and Dogmatic. And, the sense of these realities has been the consistent themes of the novels. The novels written by Joyce Cary; especially the mature works of his, not only describe, rather portray the sensible as well as grotesque realities just like pictures appear scene by scene. Hence, “the primitive reality” in the various novels of Joyce Cary is the topic of discussion here.



Primitivism, reality, reflection, practice, tradition, civilization

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James, Henry: The art of Fiction: The House of Fiction. Edited By Leon Edel, Mercury Books, London; 1962, p-31

Cary, Joyce: Art and Reality. Anchor Edition. New York.1958, p-85

Ibid. p-174

Cary, Joyce: Aissa Saved. Carfax Edition: Michael Joseph- London 1960, p-116-7

Ibid. p- 55

Quoted By Andrew Wright in Joyce Cary: A Preface to his Novels, Chatto and Windus, 1959, p-41

Hemingway, Earnest: A farewell to Arms, Penguin Books, 1955, p-193

Cited from Frazer Sir James George: The Golden Bough, The Dying God: Macmillan, 1961, p-XXV

Cary, Joyce: The African Witch, Carfax Edition: Michael Joseph- London-Reprinted 1961, p- 33

Ibid. p-32

Ibid. p-210

Cary, Joyce: The Prefatory Essays to the African Witch, Carfax Edition: Michael Joseph- London–Rep.1961, p-12-13

Cary, Joyce: Mister Johnson, Carfax Edition: Michael Joseph- London- Reprinted 1961, p-61

Richardson, KR : The twentieth Century Writing, Hamlyn Publishing Group, !969, p-112

Cary, Joyce : Except the Lord, Carfax Edition: Michael Joseph- London 1953, p-216



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