Raymond Carver's "Vitamins" and the Discourses of the Vietnam War

Saman Shariati-Rad, Wan Roselezam Wan Yahya


By integrating the discourses of the Vietnam War into the texture of his short story "Vitamins," Raymond Carver would like to emphasize that the war was not only fought outside the United States. The present paper is an attempt to show how Carver connects the mechanics of the battlefield to the discourses of similar kind present in the individual and social spheres of the latter part of the twentieth century in America – a view consistent with Carver's interest in drawing attention to the contextual motives behind his characters' moods and actions. Providing an understanding of both Carver's short narrative and the period in which it was written and received, this paper investigates the various clashes of the story's characters within the broader social conflicts surrounding the issues of poverty, racism, and sexism.



Carver, "Vitamins," America, Vietnam, discourse, context, conflict (clash), working class, race, sexism

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While Patti and her partner contemplate moving to Arizona, Sheila and Donna decide to quit their jobs to go to Portland.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.3n.4p.162


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