The More Engaged, the Better?

Zhaochun Yin

Abstract


Lexical inferencing is referred to as guessing the meaning of an unknown word using available linguistic and other clues. It is a primary lexical processing strategy to tackle unknown words while reading. This study aims to explore the procedure of Chinese EFL learners’ lexical inferencing in reading. Two types of introspective methods have been used to collect data. Fifty-five Chinese EFL learners at four stages of English learning (tertiary final, tertiary middle, tertiary initial and senior secondary) participated in think-aloud and stimulated recall session of lexical inferencing. The results show that there are a variety of procedures in their lexical inferencing, and there are also discrepancies of lexical inferencing procedure complexity across different stages.

 


Keywords


Lexical, Inferencing, Procedure, EFL

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bates, E., & MacWhinney, B. (1987). Competition, variation, and language learning. In B. MacWhinney (Ed.), Mechanisms of language acquisition (pp. 157-194). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bates, E., & MacWhinney, B. (1989). Functionalism and the competition model. In B. MacWhinney & E. Bates (Eds.), The cross-linguistic study of sentence processing (pp. 3-73). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

de Bot, K., Paribakht, S., & Wesche, M. (1997). Towards a lexical processing model for the study of second language vocabulary acquisition: Evidentce from ESL reading. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19(2), 309-329.

Fraser, C. A. (1999). Lexical processing strategy use and vocabulary learning through reading. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 225-241.

Fukkink, R. G. (2005). Deriving word meaning from written context: a process analysis. Learning and Instruction, 15(1), 23-43.

Haastrup, K. (1991). Lexical inferencing procedures or talking about words. Tübingen, Germany: Gunter Narr.

Haynes, M. (1993). Patterns and Perils of Guessing in Second Language Reading. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Herman, P. A., Anderson, R. C., Pearson, P., & Nagy, W. E. (1987). Incidental acquisition of word meaning from expositions with varied text features. Reading Research Quarterly, 22(3), 263-284.

Hsueh-Chao, M. H., & Nassaji, H. (2012). Ease of Inferencing, Learner Inferential Strategies, and Their Relationship with the Retention of Word Meanings Inferred from Context. The Canadian Modem Language Review, 68(1), 54-77. doi: 10.3138/cmlr.68.1.054

Nassaji, H. (2004). The Relationship between Depth of Vocabulary Knowledge and L2 Learners' Lexical Inferencing Strategy Use and Success. The Canadian Modem Language Review, 61(1), 107-134.

Paribakht, S., & Wesche, M. (1999). Reading and incidental L2 vocabulary acquisition: An introspective study of lexical inferencing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 195-224.

Pressley, M., & Afflerbach, P. (1995). Verbal protocols of reading: The nature of constructively responsive reading. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Wesche, M., & Paribakht, T. S. (2010). Lexical Inferencing in a First and Second Language: Cross-linguistic Dimensions. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Yin, ZC. (2011) Lexical Inferencing of Chinese EFL learners. Unpublished doctor dissertation, Hong Kong University.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.2n.5p.222

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2012-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the journal emails into your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.