Mental Self-Exploration in Samuel Beckett’s Molloy: A Jungian Approach

Ali Jamalinesari, Nabieh Feilinezhad


Samuel Beckett is categorized as an absurdist dramatist. Martin Esslin in his book The Theatre of Absurd, states that absurdist writers dealt with the theme of man’s sense of anguish and torture caused by living without any purpose. All characters of Beckett’s dramas are deformed just like Molloy who deteriorates as the novel comes to an end. Actually, Beckett’s characters are wanderers who try to establish a sense of meaning for their existence; they are in search of self. As his works represent, Beckett uses Jungian archetypes in order to show the aspect of self. This article tries to demonstrate the lack of identity in Molloy’s Characters in the light of Jungian archetypes throughout the story.

Keywords: Molloy, Identity, Archetype, Jung, Self, Deterioration

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Beckett, S. (1977). Molloy, Malone Dies and The Unnamable. New York: Alfred A.Knopf.

Esslin, M. (1980). The Theatre of the Absurd. London: Cox & Wyman Ltd.

Jung, C.G. (1969). The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. New York: Princeton University Press.


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