An Investigation of Linguistic and Localised Features of Thai in English Writing on Facebook Closed Group

Chalermsup Karanjakwut


The research aimed at 1) To investigate students’ linguistic features of Englishes found in writing in the Facebook closed group’s posts and comments, and 2) To investigate types of characteristics of localised features of Thai in English writing found in students’ writing in the Facebook closed group’s posts and comments. The participants were the second-year English major students who enrolled the course entitled “Teaching English Writing skill 1” at Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University in 2018. The data were collected from the students’ writing in the Facebook closed group’s posts and comments and analysed with the qualitative method. The finding showed that the posts were mainly about life-learning. For linguistic features, syntactic features were mostly found in parts of speech, punctuation, verb tenses, and capitalisation, and lexical features were mostly found in word choices and spelling. In the aspects of localised features of Thai in English writing, the characteristics of translation and transfer were found the most, and the rest were code-switching, code-mixing, shift, and reduplication.


Linguistic Features, Localised Features, Features of Thai in English Writing, Facebook Closed Group

Full Text:



Bailey, D., Park, I. & Haji, S. A. (2017). An Investigation of Facebook for Language Learning: Better Understanding Perceptions and Participation. CALL-EJ, 18(2), 14-30

Bennui, P. (2008). A Study of L1 Interference in the Writing of Thai EFL Students. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, 4, 72-102.

Bissoonauth-Bedford, A., & Stace, R. (2015). Building a writing community through learning of French. Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice, 12(2), 1-22.

Carter, M. (2009). Communities of practice for professional development. Exchange Magazine. November/December 2009. Retrieved from file/view/Communities+of+Practice+ for+PD.pdf

Choudhury, A. S. (2013). Of Speaking, Writing, and Developing Writing Skills in English. Language in India, 13, 27-32.

Chutisilp, P. (1984). A sociolinguistic study of an additional language: English in Thailand. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois.

Cuddapah, J. L., & Clayton, C. D. (2011). Using Wenger’s communities of practice to explore a new teacher cohort. Journal of Teacher Education, 62(1), 62–75.

Dudeney, G., & Hockly, N. (2014). How to Teach English with Technology. Malaysia: Pearson Education Limited.

Hyland, K. (2003). Second Language Writing. The U.S.: Cambridge University Press.

Kachru, Y. & Nelson, C. L. (2006). World Englishes in Asian Contexts. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Universit Press.

Kirkpatrick, A. (2007). World Englishes: Implications for International Communication and English Language Teaching. The U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Looi, Chee-Kit, Lim, Wei-Ying & Chen, W. (2008). Communities of Practice for Continuing Professional Development in the Twenty-First Century. 9_30

Mathias, P. (2011). Lexical Innovation and the Use of English in Thai Contexts on Internet Forums. BU Academic Review, 10(1), 8-13.

Montoneri, B. (2015). Impact of students' Participation to a Facebook Group on their Motivation and Scores and on Teacher's Evaluation. The IAFOR Journal of Education, 3(1), 61-74.

Narksompong, J. (2007). A Study of Thai Phonological Features That Cause Pronunciation Problems for Thai people (Master of Arts). Thammasat University, Thailand.

Negari, G. M. (2011). A Study on Strategy Instruction and EFL Learners' Writing Skill. International Journal of English Linguistics, 1(2), 299-307. doi:

Nik, Y. A., Hamzah, A., & Rafidee, H. (2010). A Comparative Study on the Factors Affecting the Writing Performance among Bachelor Students. Journal of Educational Research and Technology, 1(1), 54-59.

Ping, N. S., & Maniam, M. (2015). The Effectiveness of Facebook Group Discussions on Writing Performance: A Study in Matriculation College. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 4(1), 30-37.

Queens Library (Producer). (2012, 22 December 2017). Facebook Tutorial. [Slide Presentation] Retrieved from

Razak, N. A., Saeed, M., & Ahmad, Z. (2013). Adopting Social Networking Sites (SNSs) as Interactive Communities among English Foreign Language (EFL) Learners in Writing: Opportunities and Challenges. English Language Teaching, 6(11), 187-198. doi:

Rodliyah, R. S. (2016). Using a Facebook Closed Group to Improve EFL Students' Writing. TEFLIN Journal, 27(1), 82-100. doi:

Salma, U. (2015). Problems and Practical Needs of Writing Skill in EFL Context: An Analysis of Iranian Students of Aligarh Muslim University. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 20(11), 74-76.

Schoper, S. E., & Hill, A. R. (2014). Using Facebook to Promote Learning: A Case Study. Journal of Learning Spaces, 6(1), 34-39.

Shafie, L. A., Yaacob, A., & Singh, P. K. K. (2016). Lurking and L2 Learners on a Facebook Group: The Voices of the Invisibles. English Language Teaching, 9(2), 1-12. doi:

Singhasak, P. & Methitham, P. (2016). Non-native English Varieties: Thainess in English Narratives. English Language Teaching, 9(4), 128-138

Spalding, E., & Wilson, A. H. (2006). Bowling together: Cultivating communities of practice in English and social studies teacher education. English Education, 38(2), 102–122.

Stanley, G. (2013). Language Learning with Technology. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Tahir, S. Z. B., & Suriaman, A. (2014). Improving Students' Writing Skill Through Facebook at University of Iqra Buru. Paper presented at the International Conference of ICT for Language LEarning, Florence, Italy.

Tananuraksakul, N. (2014). Use of Facebook Group as Blended Learning and Learning Management System in Writing. Teaching English with Technology, 14(3), 3-15.

Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of Practice : Learning, Meaning, and Identity. The US: Cambridge University Press.

Wenger, E. & Synder, W. M. (2000). Communities of Practice: The Organizational Frontier. Harvard Business Review, January, 2000. Retrieved from Communities_of_Practice_The_Organizational_Frontier

Wikipedia. (2010). Social network service. Retrieved from wiki/Social_network_service

Yu, L.-T. (2014). A case study of using Facebook in an EFL English writing class: The perspective of a writing teacher. JALT CALL Journal, 10(3), 189-202.

Yunus, M. M., Salehi, H., & Chenzi, C. (2012). Integrating Social Networking Tools into ESL Writing classroom: Strengths and Weaknesses. English Language Teaching, 5(8), 42-48. doi: 105539/elt.v5n8p42



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.