A Comparative Study: The Folktale of Jaka Tarub (Indonesia) and Tanabata (Japan)

Ratu Wardarita, Guruh Puspo Negoro


A folktale owned by one country can also be found in another country with either the same theme or motive. As there is numerous folktale around the world, it turns out that folktales from Indonesia have many similarities to folktales from Japan, one of which is Jaka Tarub folktale from Central Java and Tanabata folktale from Japan. This research aimed to discover the similarities and differences of the story structure and cultural element of the two folktales. In analyzing, the researcher employed three approaches, namely Greimas narratology structuralism approach to analyzing the story structure, cultural approach to analyze the cultural element and comparative literature approach. The result of this study indicated that there was both similarities and differences of story structure and cultural element. However, both Jaka Tarub and Tanabata did not influence each other as they represented their own characteristics which were descriptions of the society where they came from.


Jaka Tarub folktale, Tanabata folktale, comparative literature, story structure, cultural element

Full Text:



Danandjaja, J. (1997). Folklor Jepang: Dilihat dari Kacamata Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Danandjaja, J. (2002). Folklor Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Endraswara, S. (2008). Metodologi Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo.

Endraswara, S. (2009). Metodologi Penelitian Folklor. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo.

Greimas, A.J. (1971). Semantique Structurale. Paris: Larousse.

Jabrohim. (1996). Pasar dalam Perspektif Greimas. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Koentjaraningrat. (2009). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Oktavianti, D. (2006). Cerita Rakyat Nusantara. Jakarta: Erlangga for Kids.

Purnomo, A.P. (2007). Tanabata Kumpulan Cerita Rakyat Jepang Pilihan. Surabaya: Era Media.

Ratna, Nyoman, K. (2011). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra Dari Strukturalisme Hingga Postrukturalisme Perspektif Wacana Naratif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Rokhmansyah, A. (2014). Studi dan Pengkajian Sastra Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Wulandari, Y. (2014). Sastra Bandingan. Solo: Jagat Abjad.

Zaidan, A. (2007). Kamus Istilah Sastra. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Zaimar, O.K.S. (2014). Semiotika dalam Analisis Karya Sastra. Depok: Komodo Books.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.8n.6p.1


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.