Fostering EFL Learners’ Reading Comprehension: Animation Film Technique

Asefeh Torabian, Massoud Tajadini


The current study investigated the effect of implementing animation films on developing reading comprehension texts among EFL learners of a language institute in Kerman. For this purpose, two groups of pre-intermediate EFL learners were chosen (30 participants in each group). After three months of instruction, twice a week, 2story books named the "Good Dinosaur" and "Little Prince" including totally 20 chapters in both groups and animation films including 60 minutes divided into 6 to 7 minutes in each session in experimental group were presented. To estimate the primary knowledge of the subjects, a pretest was taken from both groups and after the experiment came to an end, a posttest was followed. The result revealed that a meaningful relationship could be identified between the procedures incorporated for both groups. However, the experimental group achieved higher degree of achievement using animation films presented to them by scoring higher in the total mean and also, interview participants were satisfied with the use of animation films in the reading class.


Animation film, reading comprehension, EFL learners

Full Text:



Amer, A. (1997). The effect of using film on the reading comprehension of EFL students. International ELT Journal .5, (1), 43–47.

Anderson, R. et al. (1985). Becoming a nation of readers: the report of the commission on reading. US Department of Education, Washington, DC

Arnhein, Z. (1993). Uzaktan egitim yoluyla yabanc dil ogretimi, [Foreign language teaching via distance education], The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology- TOJET, 1(1), 92–97.

Arizpe, D. R. & Style, A. (2003). Using Digital Stories to Improve Reading Comprehension with Spanish Young Learners of English Language Learning & Technology, 11(1). p. 87-101. Available: 07e. html.

Arizipe, W., & Styles,C. (20003). Effect of Using Photos from Authentic Video as Advance Organizers on Listening Comprehension in an FLES Chinese Class. ELT Methodology (2).

Atwell, C. (1987). Using Multimedia for Effective Entrepreneurial Presentations. The Entrepreneurial Executive, 5(11), 1-11

Bader El Dean, Z. (2009). The Effectiveness of Assisted Reading on Developing Reading Comprehension Strategies for Ninth Graders in Gaza Governorate. Islamic University, Gaza.

Beach, S. (1993). Reading instruction: retiring the bird in the world. Reading Psychology, 14, 333–338.

Beck, M. (1999). Teaching English reading by film in Japan: Teaching how to learn. The Internet TESL Journal, 3(3), Retrieved November 18, 2012 from: http://

Campbell, R. (2001). Reading comprehension with young children. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service NO. ED 451483).

Chiang, M. (2007). Improved reading attitudes and enhanced English reading comprehension via literature circles. Lagos Papers in English Studies, 1(1), 168-183.

Elley, W. (1991). Acquiring literacy in a second language: the effect of book-based programs. Language learning 41 (3), 375–411.

Gambrell, K. & Jawitz (1993). Potential sources of reading for Japanese learners of English: Preliminary case interviews with five Japanese college students in. the U.S. TESL-EJ, 9, 1-25. Available:

Gold, J. & Gibson, A. (2001). Using film to build comprehension [online]. Available at:

Hargrave, A. C., & Se´ne´chal, M. (2000). A book reading intervention withadults who have known vocabularies: the benefits of regular reading anddialogic reading. Adult Research Quarterly 15 (1), 75–90.

Haring,et al. (1979). The shorter science and civilization in China: V. 2. Cambridge University Press.

Harmer, V. (2001). The Effects of Film to College Students' ReadingSkills. Journal of college reading and learning, 29(2) 149-157.

Harste, J. et al.( 1988). Creating classroom for author: the reading-film connection. Heinemann, New Hampshire.

Hennings, D. (1994). Beyond the reading: to read through listening to and reflecting on literature. Phi Delta Kappa educational Foundation, Indiana.

Herron, J. &Seay, O. (1991). English reading practice through film. Retrieved September 20, 2012 from:

Herron, W. & Hanley, M. (2010). Using an authentic and selected film for teaching reading and speaking. Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasadan Budaya, 4(2), 54-65.

Herron, Z. (1995). Uzaktanegitimyoluylayabancdilogretimi, [Foreign language teaching via distance education], The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology- TOJET, 1(1), 92–97.

Hismanoglu, M. (2005). Teaching English through literature. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 1(1), 53-66.

Joseph, K. M. &Weyers, L. (1999). New ways in teaching reading. TESOL Quarterly, 22, 6 -7.

Kimmel, M. & Segal, E. ( 1983). For reading texts Reading books with adults. Dell Publishing, New York.

Londer, J. B. (1987). The Wisdom of Solomon. International Stories. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 122-124.

McCarthy, M. A. (2001). The impact of using videos on whole language learning in EFL context. Arab World English Journal, 2(2), 5-39.

McCormick, C. (1977). A Preliminary Study of the Effect of Real Time Difficult Word Subtitles on ESL Learning in Taiwan. Master's Thesis. National Taichung University: Taiwan.

McKay, S. (2001). Literature as content for ESL/EFL. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign Language (pp. 319-322). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Mooney, M.M.( 1990). Stories to teach and teaching story: the use of film in learning to teach. Language Arts, 72(4), 276–286.

Nabeel, M.( 1994). The effects of training cognitive and metacognitive strategies on ninth grade students’ reading comprehension abilities. Unpublished MA Thesis, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Neumann, S. B. et al.( 2000). Learning to Read and Write: Developmentally Appropriate Practices for Adults. National Association for Education of Adults, Washington, DC.

Paivio, A.(1986).Mental Representation: A Dual Coding Approach, Oxford university press,new work

Pan, K. (2009). Strategies for Success in Secondary Schools. Britain: Heinemann.

Pezdek, C. et al. (1984). Practical aspects of using video in the foreign language classroom. The Internet TESL Journal, 6(11), 2-4. Available: Articles/canningvideo. html.

Primamore, M. A. (1994). The effects of using film in promoting literacy and enhancing desire to read story. Unpublished MA Thesis,Kean College, New Jersey. (ERIC Document Reproduction ServiceNo. ED367970).

Purnell, M. E. &Solman, (1991). Technology and teaching English language learners: Using technology to teach reading comprehension skills. London: Pearson.

Queini, H. et al. (2008). Impact of film in the classroom: A case study. The Reading Matrix, 8(10), 139–159.

Rog, L. J. (2001). Effective reading strategies: Teaching adults who find readingdifficult, 2nd ed. Merrill-Prentice Hall, Ohio.

Sadoski, D. (1983). Using video for reading assessment: Opinions of test-takers. TESL Canada Journaula Revue TESL Du Canada, 14(1), 34-40.

Sanata, D. (1997). Strategies of Discourse Comprehension. New York: Academic Press.

Schmitt, C (1997). The effect of video context on foreign language learning Modern Language Journal, 76, 480-9.

Sell, J. P.A. (2005). Why teach literature in the foreign language classroom ? Encuentro, 15(1), 86-93.

Stern, S. L. (2001). An integrated approach to literature in ESL/EFL. In Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign Language (pp. 328-345). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Terblanche, L. (2002). Using film: do they enhance students’ ability to read? NewYork: New York City Board of Education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED465192).

Trelease, J. (1994). The effects of film on the story comprehension and vocabulary knowledge of British school. Reading Improvement, 53(3), 127–136.

Vivas, D. (1996). Using video for reading assessment: Opinions of test-takers. TESL Canada Journaula Revue TESL Du Canada, 14(1), 34-40.

Walsh, M. et al. (2003). The Effect of Using Film on the Students' Achievement 10th Graders in Physics. Nablus: El Nagah University.

Warwick, E. (1992). How in the world do students read? Delaware: International Reading association.

Williamson, J. (1988). Improving reading comprehension: some current strategies English Teaching Forum 26(1), 7–9.

Wood, K. (1994). Hearing voices, using film: finding the power of reading story. Language Arts, 7, 346–349.

Wood, M., & Salvetti, E. P. (2001). Project Story Boost: using film for students a trisk. The Reading Teacher, 55(1), 76–83.

Zaytoun, A. S. (1988). Different techniques for teaching listening comprehension. English Teaching Forum 24(1), 46–49.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.