Peak Speed in Gaelic Games: A Systematic Review of GPS Methods

Eddie McGuinness, Kris Beattie, Mark Lyons, Aoife Lane, Clement Higginbotham, Robin Healy


Background: Peak speed is an essential physical quality in Gaelic games due to the offensive, defensive, and transitional nature of the sports. Objectives: The aims of the study were to systematically search the literature for studies examining peak speed during Gaelic games match-play using Global Positioning System (GPS) technology, to assess the GPS methodologies implemented and report normative values for peak speed by sport. Methods: Keywords were combined to search and identify studies reporting peak speed values recorded using GPS technology during Gaelic games match-play. Key details such as GPS brand/model, number of satellites connected, and firmware version were extracted. A risk of bias tool was designed to rate the level of detection bias within each study. Results: Twenty-one (N=21) studies met the inclusion criteria. Eight studies examined peak speed in hurling and men’s Gaelic football, respectively, while four camogie and one ladies Gaelic football study were identified. Twenty-nine percent (29%) of included studies were graded as having a high risk of bias in at least one category. Peak speeds between 7.81 to 9.97 m·s-1 were reported in hurling and men’s Gaelic football and between 5.88 to 7.45 m·s-1 in camogie and ladies’ Gaelic football. Conclusions: The dearth of literature examining peak speed in both female sports requires additional investigation, particularly in relation to the sprint profile of ladies Gaelic football. It is recommended that practitioners are cognisant of the methodological considerations which can be used as a ‘checklist’ to ensure accurate and reliable data are collected when using GPS technology to monitor peak speed.


Gaelic Football, Hurling, Camogie, Ladies Gaelic Football, Player Monitoring, Maximum Velocity, GNSS, Maximum Sprinting Speed

Full Text:



Aughey, R. J. (2011). Applications of GPS technologies to field sports. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(3), 295–310.

Beato, M., Coratella, G., Stiff, A., & Iacono, A. D. (2018). The Validity and Between-Unit Variability of GNSS Units (STATSports Aijpex 10 and 18 Hz) for Measuring Distance and Peak Speed in Team Sports. Frontiers in Physiology, 9.

Boyle, E., Warne, J., Nevill, A., & Collins, K. (2020). The Work-Rate of Substitutes in Elite Gaelic Football Match-Play. [Online] Available: (5 January 2023).

Bradley, E. J., Board, L., Hogg, B., & Archer, D. T. (2020). Quantification of Movement Characteristics in Women’s English Premier Elite Domestic Rugby Union. Journal of Human Kinetics, 72, 185–194.

Buchheit, M., Al Haddad, H., Simpson, B. M., Palazzi, D., Bourdon, P. C., Di Salvo, V., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2014). Monitoring accelerations with GPS in football: Time to slow down? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(3), 442–445.

Clarke, A. C., Ryan, S., Couvalias, G., Dascombe, B. J., Coutts, A. J., & Kempton, T. (2018). Physical demands and technical performance in Australian Football League Women’s (AFLW) competition match-play. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21(7), 748–752.

Collins, D. K., McRobert, A., Morton, J. P., OʼSullivan, D., & Doran, D. A. (2018). The Work-Rate of Elite Hurling Match-Play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(3), 805–811.

Connors, P., Browne, D., Earls, D., Fitzpatrick, P., & Rankin, P. (2022b). Comparing the Current Training Running Demands of Elite Camogie Players to Competitive Match-Play. Sports (2075-4663), 10(8), 113–113.

Connors, P., Earls, D., Browne, D., Fitzpatrick, P., & Rankin, P. (2022a). The positional and temporal running demands of elite inter-county camogie match play across 5-min intervals. Sport Sciences for Health.

Cullen, B. D., Cregg, C. J., Kelly, D. T., M. Hughes, S., Daly, P. G., & Moyna, N. M. (2013). Fitness profiling of elite level adolescent gaelic football players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(8), 2096–2103.

Cullen, B. D., McCarren, A. L., & Malone, S. (2020). Ecological validity of self-reported wellness measures to assess pre-training and pre-competition preparedness within elite Gaelic football. Sport Sciences for Health, (17), 163–172. Scopus.

Daly, L. S., Ó Catháin, C., & Kelly, D. T. (2020). Gaelic Football Match-Play: Performance Attenuation and Timeline of Recovery. Sports (Basel, Switzerland), 8(12).

Duggan, J. D., Moody, J., Byrne, P. J., & Ryan, L. (2020). Strength and conditioning recommendations for female GAA athletes: The camogie player. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 42(4), 105–124.

Egan, B., Young, D., Collins, K., Malone, S., & Coratella, G. (2021). The Between-Competition Running Demands of Elite Hurling Match-Play. Sports, 9(11), 145.

Elliott-Sale, K. J., Minahan, C. L., de Jonge, X. A. K. J., Ackerman, K. E., Sipilä, S., Constantini, N. W., … Hackney, A. C. (2021). Methodological Considerations for Studies in Sport and Exercise Science with Women as Participants: A Working Guide for Standards of Practice for Research on Women. Sports Medicine, 51(5), 843–861.

European GNSS Agency. (2018). Test your Satellite Navigation Performance on your Android Device [Glossary]. European GNSS Agency. [Online] Available: (5 January 2023).

Gabbett, T. J. (2012). Sprinting patterns of National Rugby League competition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(1), 121–130.

Gaelic Games Association, Ladies Gaelic Football Association, & Camogie Association. (2023). Gaelic Games Player Pathway and Sport Science 2030 Vision. Gaelic Games Association. [Online] Available: (8 December 2023).

Gamble, D., Spencer, M., Mccarren, A., & Moyna, N. (2019). Activity profile, playerloadTM and heart rate response of gaelic football players: A pilot study. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4), 711–724. Scopus.

Gray, A. J., Jenkins, D., Andrews, M. H., Taaffe, D. R., & Glover, M. L. (2010). Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring distance travelled in field-based team sports. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(12), 1319–1325.

Harper, D. J., Carling, C., & Kiely, J. (2019). High-Intensity Acceleration and Deceleration Demands in Elite Team Sports Competitive Match Play: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.z.), 49(12), 1923–1947.

Haugen, T. A., Breitschädel, F., & Seiler, S. (2019). Sprint mechanical variables in elite athletes: Are force-velocity profiles sport specific or individual? PLOS ONE, 14(7), e0215551.

Healy, R., Kenny, I. C., & Harrison, A. J. (2019). Profiling elite male 100-m sprint performance: The role of maximum velocity and relative acceleration. Journal of Sport and Health Science.

Higgins, J. P. T., Green, S., & Cochrane Collaboration (Eds.). (2008). Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. Chichester, England ; Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

Hunter, S. K., S Angadi, S., Bhargava, A., Harper, J., Hirschberg, A. L., D Levine, B., … Bermon, S. (2023). The Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Athletic Performance: Consensus Statement for the American College of Sports Medicine. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 55(12), 2328–2360.

Isik, O. K., Hong, J., Petrunin, I., & Tsourdos, A. (2020). Integrity Analysis for GPS-Based Navigation of UAVs in Urban Environment. Robotics, 9(3), 66.

Keane, A., Scott, M. A., Dugdill, L., & Reilly, T. (2010). Fitness test profiles as determined by the Eurofit Test Battery in elite female Gaelic football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(6), 1502–1506.

Liberati, A., Altman, D. G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Gotzsche, P. C., Ioannidis, J. P. A., … Moher, D. (2009). The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate healthcare interventions: Explanation and elaboration. BMJ, 339(jul21 1), b2700–b2700.

Malone, J. J., Lovell, R., Varley, M. C., & Coutts, A. J. (2017). Unpacking the Black Box: Applications and Considerations for Using GPS Devices in Sport. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12(Suppl 2), S218–S226.

Malone, S., Solan, B., & Collins, K. (2017). The Running Performance Profile of Elite Gaelic Football Match-Play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(1), 30–36.

Malone, Shane, McGuinness, A., Duggan, J. D., Murphy, A., Collins, K., & O’Connor, C. (2023). The Running Performance of Elite Ladies Gaelic football with Respect to Position and Halves of Play. Sport Sciences for Health, 19, 959–967.

Malone, Shane, Solan, B., Collins, K. D., & Doran, D. A. (2016). Positional Match Running Performance in Elite Gaelic Football. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(8), 2292–2298.

Mangan, S., Collins, K., Burns, C., & O’Neill, C. (2020). The positional technical and running performance of sub-elite Gaelic football. Science & Medicine in Football, 4(3), 182–191. SPORTDiscus with Full Text.

Massard, T., Eggers, T., & Lovell, R. (2018). Peak speed determination in football: Is sprint testing necessary? Science and Medicine in Football, 2(2), 123–126.

McMahon, J., Turner, A., & Comfort, P. (2018). Fitness testing and data analysis. In Advanced Strength and Conditioning: An Evidence-based Approach. (pp. 283-299)

Mooney, T., Malone, S., Izri, E., Dowling, S., & Darragh, I. A. J. (2021). The running performance of elite U20 Gaelic football match-play. Sport Sciences for Health.

O’Grady, M., Young, D., Collins, K., Keane, J., Malone, S., & Coratella, G. (2022). An Investigation of the Sprint Performance of Senior Elite Camogie Players during Competitive Play. Sport Sciences for Health.

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., … Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ, 372, n71.

Scott, M. T. U., Scott, T. J., & Kelly, V. G. (2016). The Validity and Reliability of Global Positioning Systems in Team Sport: A Brief Review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(5), 1470–1490.

Thornton, H. R., Nelson, A. R., Delaney, J. A., Serpiello, F. R., & Duthie, G. M. (2019). Interunit Reliability and Effect of Data-Processing Methods of Global Positioning Systems. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(4), 432–438.

Varley, M. C., Jaspers, A., Helsen, W. F., & Malone, J. J. (2017). Methodological Considerations When Quantifying High-Intensity Efforts in Team Sport Using Global Positioning System Technology. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12(8), 1059–1068.

Whitehead, S., Till, K., Weaving, D., & Jones, B. (2018). The Use of Microtechnology to Quantify the Peak Match Demands of the Football Codes: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 48(11), 2549–2575.

Young, D., Beato, M., Mourot, L., & Coratella, G. (2020a). Match-Play Temporal and Position-Specific Physical and Physiological Demands of Senior Hurlers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(6), 1759–1768. Scopus.

Young, D., Coratella, G., Malone, S., Collins, K., Mourot, L., & Beato, M. (2019a). The match-play sprint performance of elite senior hurlers during competitive games. PloS One, 14(4), e0215156.

Young, D., Malone, S., Collins, K., Mourot, L., Beato, M., & Coratella, G. (2019b). Metabolic power in hurling with respect to position and halves of match-play. PLoS ONE, 14(12). Scopus.

Young, D., Mourot, L., Beato, M., & Coratella, G. (2018b). The Match Heart Rate and Running Profile of Elite Under-21 Hurlers During Competitive Match-Play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(10), 2925–2933.

Young, D., Mourot, L., Beato, M., & Coratella, G. (2020b). Match-Play Demands of Elite U17 Hurlers During Competitive Matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(7), 1982–1989.

Young, D., Mourot, L., & Coratella, G. (2018a). Match-play performance comparisons between elite and sub-elite hurling players. Sport Sciences for Health, 14(1), 201–208.

Young, D., O’Grady, M., & Coratella, G. (2021). The match-play running performance of elite Camogie players across halves of play. Sport Sciences for Health, 17(1), 191–199.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.