Effectiveness of Sand-Therapy on the Attenuation of Separation anxiety Signs in Pre-School Children

Arghavan Shariat, Amir Ghamarani, Ahmad Yarmohammadian, Tayyebe Sharifi


Background and Objective: The present research was conducted with the aim of determining effect of Sand-therapy on the attenuation of separation anxiety signs among pre-school children in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: The statistical society consists of all pre-school children who had separation anxiety disorder and Among100 children, 30 persons were selected using available sampling. The method of this research is quasi-experimental with one group and pre-test and post-test plan. After performing pre-test of separation anxiety disorder scale, the experimental group were trained under sand-therapy training in 10 sessions of 60 minutes for a period of two months and after that, post-test of separation anxiety disorder scale was performed. The research tool consists of the questionnaire CSI-4 of child’s morbid signs. Wilcoxon method was used to analysis the results. Results: The research findings showed that there was a meaningful different (P=0.008) between pre- test & post-test scores of anxiety signs for study group.Conclusion: As a practical message, we can mention that sand therapy is as an interesting and practical playing for the children and it is a meaningful therapy related to attenuation of separation anxious signs.

Keywords: Sand therapy, separation anxiety, pre-school-children

Full Text:



Axline, V. M. (2012). Play therapy. Ballantine Books, 2, 18-24.

Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V, Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R., Friedman, D., Robin, J. A., & Rosenbaum, J. F. (2014). Patterns of psychopathology and dysfunction in high-risk children of parents with panic disorder and major depression. Am Psychiatric Assoc, 38-47.

Dehghani, F., Amiri, S., Molavi, H., & Neshat-Doost, H. T. (2013). Psychometric properties of the Persian version of the screen for child anxiety-related emotional disorders (SCARED). Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27(5), 469–474.

Green, E. J., Myrick, A. C., & Crenshaw, D. A. (2013). Toward secure attachment in adolescent relational development: Advancements from sandplay and expressive play-based interventions. International Journal of Play Therapy, 22(2), 90.

Haen, C. (2011). The therapeutic use of superheroes in the treatment of boys. Engaging Boys in Treatment: Creative Approaches to the Therapeutic Process, 153–175.

Horwitz, A. V, & Wakefield, J. C. (2012). All we have to fear: psychiatry’s transformation of natural anxieties into mental disorders. Oxford University Press.

Ito, A. (2014). School Counselor Roles and Challenges in Japan. Journal of Asia Pacific Counseling, 4(2), 12- 18.

Jabarouti, R., Shariat, A., & Shariat, A. (2014). Effect of Persian Classic Poetry on the Level of Stress Hormone in Retired Academicians. Poetry Thrapy, 27(1), 1–9.

Keller, M. B., Lavori, P. W., Wunder, J., Beardslee, W. R., Schwartz, C. E., & Roth, J. (1992). Chronic course of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 31(4), 595–599.

Lewis, M. A., Hove, M. C., Whiteside, U., Lee, C. M., Kirkeby, B. S., Oster-Aaland, L., … Larimer, M. E. (2008). Fitting in and feeling fine: conformity and coping motives as mediators of the relationship between social anxiety and problematic drinking. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22(1), 58-69.

McClure, E. B., Pope, K., Hoberman, A. J., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2014). Facial expression recognition in adolescents with mood and anxiety disorders. Am Psychiatric Assoc, 12 (2), 32-48.

Meany‐Walen, K. K., Bratton, S. C., & Kottman, T. (2014). Effects of Adlerian Play Therapy on Reducing Students’ Disruptive Behaviors. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(1), 47–56.

Puliafico, A. C., Comer, J. S., & Pincus, D. B. (2012). Adapting parent-child interaction therapy to treat anxiety disorders in young children. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 21(3), 607–619.

Schaefer, C. E., & Drewes, A. A. (2011). The therapeutic powers of play and play therapy. Foundations of Play Therapy, 15–25.

Shariat, A., Shariat, A., Abedi, A., & Tamrin, S. B. M. (n.d.). Physical activity as a prescription for the children with cerebral palsy. Russian Open Medical Journal, 3(1), 12-18.

Silverman, W. K., & Field, A. P. (2011). Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Cambridge University Press, 3, 34-36.

Wen, Z., Risheng, Z., & Lina, C. (2013). The Process and Effects of Sandplay Therapy on Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in An Undergraduate. Archives of Sandplay Therapy, 26(2), 75–88.

Zhao, J., Xing, X., & Wang, M. (2012). Psychometric properties of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) in Mainland Chinese children and adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26(7), 728–736.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.