The Bahaviour of Non-finite Verbs in Translation: A Comparative Case Study of English, Malay and French

Mohamed Abdou Moindjie

Abstract


Non-finite verbs are verbs which are void of tenses but have definite meanings. Their behaviour in translation may bring about meaning loss or gain. This study is an investigation on their translation behaviour from English into Malay and French.  Analyses are carried out following Toury comparative translation theory for translation modeling. The text used is Shakespeare’s Hamlet; it is a literary text whose findings are expected to be reflexive to other genres.  The analysis reveals that English language use more non-finites verbs than Malay and French; this behaviour is determined by some factors relative to language peculiarity and language norms in terms of translators’ decisions and choices. Although English has historically some impacts on Malay language, it is found that Malay and French share more characteristics than do Malay and English as far as non-finite verb translation is concerned.

Keywords: Non-finite verbs, finite verbs, language peculiarities, translatability, translation norms, English- French translation, English-Malay translation


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International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

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