The Occurrence of Voices in Translation

Mohamed Abdou Moindjie

Abstract


Voice is a grammatical aspect, which is divided into active and passive. However, it occurs in languages and in translation with different surface structures. The present paper is a descriptive study that attempts to describe the behaviour of active & passive voices in translating from Arabic into English and French to compare differences and similarities and to establish the effects of this linguistic factor on the modeling of translation. The analysis is done on some existing literary translations from Arabic into English and French and data reflective to the problems and occurrences of voices are collected throughout the texts under study. Then, the data are identified, categorized, and analyzed in the source texts and target texts.  The results indicate that passive occurrences are more in the English text than in the French and Arabic texts and that there are a lot of similarities between Arabic and French as far as voice is concerned. The conclusion is reached that the active and passive voices are determined by these factors: language peculiarity in terms of structural constraints, tendency, and translator’s latitude in terms of norms, which the translator must pay attention to for a better functionality in translation.

Keywords: Active voice, Passive voice, Language peculiarity, Translation, Comparativeness, Translation modeling


Full Text:

PDF

References


Byrne, L. R. and Churchill, E. L. (1986). A Comprehensive French Grammar. Oxford and Cambridge: Blackwell.

Cary, E. (1963). L’indispensable débat. In Edmond, C. and Rudolf, W. J., eds. La Qualité en Matière de Traduction. Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 21-49.

Dixon, R. M. W. (1991). A New Approach to English Grammar, on Semantic Principes. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Haywood, J. A. and Nahmad, H.M. (1965). A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language. London: Lund Humphries.

Gutknecht, C. and Röle, L. J. (1996): Translating by Factors. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Moindjie, M. A. (2006). A Comparative Study of Literary Translation from Arabic into English and French. Ph.D. thesis. Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Munday, J. (2001). Introducing Translation Studies: Theory and Applications. London and New York: Routledge.

Quirk, R., et al. (1985). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London and New York: Longman.

Toury, G. (1985). A rationale for descriptive translation. In The Manipulation of Literature: Studies in Literary Translation. (Hermans, T., ed.), p. 16-41. New York: ST. Martin’s Press.

Toury, G. (1995). Descriptive Translation Studies and Beyond. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Vinay, J. and Darbelnet, J. (1995). Comparative Stylistics of French and English: A Methodology for Translation. Translated from the French by J. C. Sager and M. J. Hamel. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Wagner, R. L. and Pinchon, J. (1962). Grammaire du Français Classique et Moderne. Paris: Librairie Hachette.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.