The Orwellian Vision of Utopia

Mauricio Rivera

Abstract


This article comes from the adaptation and updating of a chapter of my doctoral thesis, where I questioned the roles of journalists and artists in the so-called digital societies of the twenty-first century. This research is based on a premise exposed by communications’ theorist Marshall McLuhan (1962, 1964), where he defined artists as the “antennae of the race” and as the “early warning systems” of the societies they inhabit (Wolfe, 1968). For this reason, I choose the journalistic and literary work of George Orwell as an example of an artist whose critical mind and sensibility allowed him to see beyond all the dogma and all the propaganda that clouded the reasoning of most of his contemporaries.

Keywords: Utopia, Dystopia, Orwell, Orwellian, Modernism


Full Text:

PDF

References


Babaee, R., Singh, H.K.J., Zhicheng, Z. & Haiqing, Z. (2015). Critical Review on the Idea of Utopia. Review of European Studies,7(11).

Barrionuevo, A. (2011). “China’s Interest in Farmland Makes Brazil Uneasy”.The New York Times, 26 May 2011, availabe at:

Burnham, J. (1941). The Managerial Revolution: What is Happening in the World, John Day Co., New York.

Carr, N. (2008).“Is Google making us stupid?”, The Atlantic Magazine, July/August, 2008, available at: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2008/07/is-google-making-us-stupid/6868/

De Quincey, T. (1845).“Suspira de Profundis”. Confessions of an English Opium Eater. Penguin Books, London

Gladwell, M.(2010). Small Change: Why the revolution will not be tweeted. The New Yorker Magazine, October 4, 2010.

Herold, D.K.(2011). Noise, spectacle, politics: carnival in Chinese cyberspace. Online Society in China: creating, celebrating and instrumentalising the online carnival, Routledge, New York.

Hitchens, C.(2007). Why Orwell Still Matters?., The Cambridge Companion to George Orwell, Cambridge University Press.

Huxley, A.(1932). Brave New World. Harper Collins Publishers, London.

Huxley, A.(1959). Brave New World Revisited. Sixth edition, Chatto & Windus, London.

Innis, H.(1950). Empire and Communications, Dundurn Press, Toronto.

London, J.(1908). The Iron Heel, Penguin Books, New York.

Marolt, P.(2011).“Grassroots agency in a civil sphere? Rethinking Internet control in China”, Online Society in China: creating, celebrating and instrumentalising the online carnival, Routledge, New York.

McLuhan, M.(1962).The Guttenberg Galaxy; the making of typographic man, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada.

McLuhan, M.(1964). Understanding Media: the extensions of man, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA.

Morozov, E.(2011).“The Internet in Society: Empowering or Censoring Citizens?”, online resource available at RSA Animate: http://www.thersa.org/events/video/animate/rsa-animate-the-internet-and-society

Orwell, G.(1937) The Road to Wigan Pier, Secker and Warburg,London, 1959

Orwell, G. (1941a). “Wells, Hitler and the World State”, available at: http://orwell.ru/library/reviews/wells/english/e_whws

Orwell, G. (1941b). “The Prophecies of Fascism”, available at: http://orwell.ru/library/reviews/fascism/english/e_fasco

Orwell, G.(1942).“War-time Diary”, The collected essays, journalism and letters, vol 2, 1940 – 1943, My Country Right or Left, edited by Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus, Secker & Warburg, London.

Orwell, G.(1944).“As I Please” -column of 4 February 1944-, The collected essays, journalism and letters, vol 3, 1943 – 1946, As I Please, edited by Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus, Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G.(1946). Review of We by E.I. Zamyatin, available at: http://orwell.ru/library/reviews/zamyatin/english/e_zamy

Orwell, G.(1948).“Review of The Soul of Man Under Socialism by Oscar Wilde”, The collected essays, journalism and letters, vol 1, 1920 – 1940, An Age Like This, edited by Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus, Secker & Warburg, London.

Orwell, G.(1949). Nineteen Eighty-Four, Penguin Books, London.

Partington, J.(2004). The Pen as Sword: George Orwell, H.G. Wells and Journalistic Parricide. Journal of Contemporary History,39(1), 45 - 56.

Pinker, S.(2011).The better angels of our nature: why violence has declined, Viking, New York, 2011.

Postman, N. (1986). Amusing ourselves to death: public discourse in the age of show business, Penguin Books, New York, 2006.

Rossi and Rodden.(2007).A Political Writer. The Cambridge Companion to George Orwell, Cambridge University Press.

Vidal, J.(2011).The myths surrounding the global rush for farmland, The Guardian's Poverty Matters Blog, 14 October 2011,< http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/oct/14/myths-about-global-rush-farmland

Wagar, W.(1961). H.G. Wells and the World State, Yale University Press.

Wells, HG. (1910).When the sleeper wakes, Modern Library.

Wells, HG.(1945).Mind at the end of its tether, Heinemann, London.

Wilde, O. (1891). The Soul of Man Under Socialism, e-book available at: http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext97/slman10h.htm

Wolfe, T.(1968).“What if he is right”, in The Pump House Gang, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, New York.

Zamyatin, E.(1924) We, E.P. Dutton & CO., INC., New York.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.