Subjectivity, Individuality and Abjection in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening

Kamelia Telebian Sedehi, Nur Fatin Syuhada Ahmad Jafni, Wan Roselezam Wan Yahya

Abstract


Julia Kristeva's concept of abjection deals with how the subject intends to gain his/her subjectivity by rejecting the things which are not considered part of himself/herself. In Kate Chopin’s The Awakening (1899), the protagonist, Edna Pontellier, is portrayed as a married woman but one who has romantic affairs with other men. Deemed unthinkable, Edna’s desire and search for true love is seen as an act of defiance by the society in which she lives. Edna’s life’s boundaries are blurred and confused by her ambiguous actions, a display of her attempt at abjection. By applying textual analysis as our methodology, this research aims to delve into how Edna fights for her individuality and sense of self. As a result, the analyses are divided into two parts, namely, Search for Subjectivity and Individuality and Edna Pontellier’s Awakened Individuality. Besides, the reaction of patriarchal society towards Edna's search for independent subjectivity is scrutinised as it greatly affects Edna's life. By applying Kristeva's abjection to Chopin's The Awakening, the current article intends to focus on Edna's attempt at self-realization.

Keywords: Abjection, Subjectivity, Self and Other, Self-realzation


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, H. M. (2013). The Abject Lover of the Courtly Love Era. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies,19(3), 11–19.

Anderson, X. (2007). Summary of "Approaching Abjection" by Kristeva.

Bai, L. (2014). The Re-understanding of Edna Pontellier‘s Death. Theory and Practice in Language Studies,845–9.

Beer, J. (2008). The Cambridge Companion to Kate Chopin. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bloom, H. (2008). Bloom's Guide: Kate Chopin's The Awakening. New York: Infobase Publishing.

Corse, S. M. and Davis W. S. (2002). Gender and Literary Valorization: The Awakening of a Canonical Novel. Sociological Perspectives 45(2), 139–61.ProQuest.

Gray, J. B. (2004). The Escape of the "Sea": Ideology and the Awakening. Southern Literary Journal 37(1), 53–73. ProQuest.

Harmon, Ch. (1998). Abysses of Solitude: Acting Naturally in Vogue and the Awakening. College Literature 25(3), 52-66. ProQuest.

Ito, F. (1999). A Quest for Self and Love: Two Philosophical Dimensions of Edna's Struggle Toward Self-Fulfillment and its Tragic Consequence in "the Awakening". Order No. 1417093 The University of Mississippi. Ann Arbor: ProQuest. Web. 19 October 2014.

Kristeva, J. (1982). Powers of Horror, an Essay on Abjection. New York: Colombia University Press. Print.

Muhammad, S. H. (2001). Voices of Disobedience in the Fiction of Charlotte Perkins Gilman, K. Ch., Edith Wh., Nella L., and Mary A. Order No. 3025056 Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Ann Arbor: ProQuest. Web. 19 October 2014.

Parvulescu, A. (2005). To Die Laughing or to Laugh at Dying: Revisiting The Awakening. New Literary History, 477–98.

Platizky, R. (1995). Chopin's The Awakening. The Explicator, 99–102.

Powell, T. (2009). Chopin's The Awakening. Haldref Publication, 278–9.

Robert, L. M. (1998). Beyond the Love Triangle: Trios in the Awakening. The Midwest Quarterly, 39(2), 228–34.ProQuest.Web. 19 October 2014.

Safaei, M., & Hashim, R. S. (2013). Ophelia Transformed: Revisioning Shakespeare’s Hamlet . GEMA Online® Journal of Language Studies , 181–91.

Schade, J. J. (2004). The Inevitability of Failure: Edna Pontellier's Pursuit of Self in Kate Chopin's "the Awakening"." Order No. 1419710 Roosevelt University. Ann Arbor: ProQuest.

Walker, N. A. (1993). The Awakening Kate Chopin. New York: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press.

Yonogi, R. (1989). The Struggle Towards Self-Fulfillmentin Comparative Perspective: The Theme of Woman's Awakening in Three Realist Novels – Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary", Kate Chopin's "the Awakening", and Arishima Takeo's "Aru Onna"." Order No. 9011084 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Ann Arbor: ProQuest. Web. 19 October 2014.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.