Matriarchy and the Feminist Agenda: Deconstructing the Logocentric Tenets and Posture of Nigerian Critics /Writers on Feminism

Chukwuka Ogbu Nwachukwu, Amaechi UnekeEnyi


This paper offers a meta-critical statement on the critical inputs of some major Nigerian male critics to the tenets and posture of feminism in a body of representative feminist creative works in Nigeria. Evincing an aggregation of these male voices the quantum of which urges feminist cautionary approach to their critical expostulations both in the creative enterprise and critical temper, the paper argues that feminism in Nigeria, of whatever shade or colouration, has become too partial, too single-voiced and therefore, too dangerous for continued male and female sanctity and the prevailing complacency in the creative,critical and even political drives of the Nigerian society.The paper in consequence challenges budding and practicing creative writers, critics and stake-holders especially in tertiary institutions in Nigeria to work to reverse or at least curtail and stall the trend as it is poised to pose intractable danger for, not only the country ,but the world at large, in terms of cohesion and the paterfamilias in the not-too-distant future.

Keywords: Matriarchy, Feminism, Deconstruction, Logocentricism

Full Text:



Abrams, M. H. et al Eds.(1962).The Norton Anthology of English Literature. London: W.W. Norton and Company.1.772

Acholonu, R. (1994). “The Female Predicament in the Nigerian Novel”. Feminism in African Literature Essays on Criticism. Ed. Chukwuma, H. Enugu: NewGeneration Book.

Adichie,C.N.(2006).Purple hibiscus. Lagos: Farafina

Adichie, C. N. (2006).Half of a yellow Sun. Lagos: Farafina

Agary, K.(2006).Yellow-yellow. Lagos: Dtalkshop.

Akung,J.E.(2012).“Feminist Dimension in S. Atta’s Everything Good Will Come.URL:http// June,2014(Viewed June, 2014)

Akung, J. E. “The Western Voice and Feminist Criticism”

Amadi, E.(1966).The Concubine. London: Heinemann

Atta, S.(2006).Everything Good Will Come. Lagos: Farafina

Atta, (2007).Swallow. Lagos: Farafina

Bowen, L. (1973).Two Centuries of African English: A Survey of Non-fictional English Prose by African Writers Since 1969.London: Heinemann Educational Books.

Billing, P. (2009).“Masculinism vs. Feminism”. www. Gender/ (Retrieved July,2014).

Chinweizu (1990).Anatomy of female power: a masculinist’s dissection of matriarchy .Lagos: Pero Press.

Chukwuma,H. (2000). “The Face of Eve: Feminism in African Literature”. Major Themes in African Literature. Eds. Opata, D. and Ohaegbu , A. Nsukka: AP Express Publishers.

Egudu, R.(2000). “Flora Nwapa’s Ajanupu: The Legacy from Tradition to Feminism”. Journal of Women’s Studies in Africa (JOWSA):Maiden Issue.

Ellman, M.(1968).Thinking about woman .New York: Harcourt Brace Janovich

Foucault, M.(1981). “The order of discourse”.Untying the text:a post- structuralist reader. Ed. Young, R. Boston: Routledge and Keegan Paul.pp.48-77

Ikheloa, I.R.(2008). “In the name of our sisters: everything good will come” ( viewed October,2011

Juvenal (1967).The Sixteen Satires. London: Penguin.

Kaplan, C. and Anderson,W. D.eds.(2000). Criticism: Major Statements.4th Edition. Boston: Bedford St. Martin

Kolawole, M.(2000). “Feminine preoccupations in African literature:a theoretical appraisal”. Major themes in African Literature. Eds. Opata, ,D. and Ohaegbu, Nsukka: AP Express Publishers

Maduakor, O.(2000).“The Nigerian Female Writer as Novelist”. Journal of Women Studies(JOWSA)Maiden Issue.

Maduka ,C. T. (2001-2002). “Feminism and the Nigerian Female Critic: A Meta-critical Statement”. Language, Literature and Communication:A Multi- disciplinary Journal of the Arts(LLC:)2.15-35.

Mason,M.K.(2015). “Ancient Athenian women of the classical period Greeks”( June,2015

Nietzsche,F (1954) . Twilight of the Idols. Chicago: Vikings Press Inc.

Nnolim, C.(1994). “A House Divided: Feminism in African Literature”. Feminism In African Literature. Ed. Chukwuma, H. Enugu: New Generation Books.

Nnolim, C (2000).“Flora Nwapa: Writer as Woman”. Journal of Women Studies in Africa (JOWSA)1:55-75.

Nwachukwu, C.O.(2012). “Gender and war in selected Nigerian novels”. Ph.D. thesis presented to the University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

Okereke, G.(1994). “Commitment to the Feminist Ideology in the Novels of Buchi Emecheta”. Calabar Journal of Humanities(Ndunode) .pp.80-92.

… (1994). “The Nigerian Civil War and the Female Imagination: Buchi Emecheta’s Destination Biafra”.Feminism in African Literature. Ed. Chukwuma, H. Enugu: New Generation Books.

Oko,E.(2000).”Flora Nwapa’s Novels” Journal of Women Studies(JOWSA). Maiden issue.

Onukaogu, A.A. and Onyerionwu, E.(2009).21st century Nigerian literature: an Introductory Text. Ibadan: Kraft Books Limited.

Raman,S. and Widdowson, P.(1993).A Reader’s Guide to Cotemporary Literary Theory. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Solanas, V (1967).S.C.U.M.(Society for cutting up men)Manifesto.( January 2013.

Taiwo, O (1984).Female Novelists of modern Africa. Basingstoke: Macmillan Publishers.

…(1986). Social experience in African literature. Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers

Uko, I.(2004).Gender Identity in the works of Tess Onwume. Trenton: African World Press.

Woolf, V.(1929).ARoom of Her Own. New York: Brace and Company,1989 Edition.

Woolf, v. (1933).Three Guineas. San Diego: Harcourt Brace,1996 Edition.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.