The Identity of Female Cyborg in William Gibson’s Neuromancer

Geraldine Yap Chee Hui, Ruzbeh Babaee


This study aims to examine the identity of female cyborg in William Gibson’s Neuromancer (1984) based on Donna Haraway’s A Cyborg Manifesto. In Neuromancer the main character, Molly Million does not fit in the stereotypical female characteristics. When a male is the protagonist, females will be seen as a feminine stereotype and being depicted as helpless and weak. She is in fact the reversal of feminine stereotype. Henry Dorsett Case, the male protagonist of the story, was given a job opportunity and being partnered up with Molly to fulfil their mission. When Molly and Case are together, Case is always on the safe side while Molly aggressively moves around getting her things done. Being a cyborg is to be fierce, fast and bold just like Molly and being a goddess will be a typical female. It is a metaphor used to conceptualize socialist feminism in the modern society. The boundary breakdown between organism and machine portrays the boundary breakdown between Molly and Wintermute, an Artificial Intelligence (AI), because Molly and Wintermute are representatives of organism and machine, respectively. When Molly and Wintermute could put up with each other, it indirectly shows the connection between human and technology that can then be brought to another level as dualism of mind and body that are considered as one in the cybernetic world just like how high technology and scientific culture are interrelated. Mind which symbolizes Artificial Intelligence is the ultimate power which controls the body. The technological enhancements in Molly are the symbolised power which gives her the difference in stereotypical female role.

Keywords: Cyborg Feminism, Female Identity, Patriarchal Role, Cyberpunk

Full Text:



Balsamo, A. M. (1996). Technologies of the Gendered Body: Reading Cyborg Women. Duke University Press

Gibson, W. (2000). Neuromancer. Penguin.

Graham, E. (1999). Cyborgs Or Goddesses? Becoming Divine in a Cyberfeminist Age. Information, Communication & Society, 2(4), 419-38.

Haraway, D. (2006). A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late 20th Century. The International Handbook of Virtual Learning Environments.Springer,117-158.

Myers, T. (2001). The Postmodern Imaginary in William Gibson's Neuromancer. MFS Modern Fiction Studies, 47(4) 887-909.

Reilly, G. A. G. (2006). What is a Human, Anyway?: Representations of Posthumanism in Thomas Pynchon's V. and William Gibson's Neuromancer.

Stevens, T. (1996). Sinister fruitiness: Neuromancer, internet sexuality and the turing test. Studies in the Novel, 414-33.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

You may require to add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.