Evaluation of Relation between Medications and Demography of Patients Committing Suicide

Amir Ghaffarzad, Zeynab Naderi, Samad Shams Vahdati, Paria Habibollahi, Roya Asadollahi


Objective: Suicide is a kind of malicious violence, with the most direct and indirect victims of it being women. Since suicide is a repetitive act, it is important to identify the abundance and types of common violence and the factors leading to it. Therefore, this study examined the season and the most commonly used drug among suicide cases referred to Sina Hospital. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on all patients who were admitted to Sina Hospital in Tabriz by suicide detection in 1395. At the beginning of the study, a checklist was designed to collect information from the patients ‘files from the patients’ files. The patients were asked about the age, occupation, educational level, type of drug, visitation period, previous intervention and history of psychiatric illnesses. The outcome of the study was also evaluated in this study. Finally, all information was analyzed using SPSS software version 18 and statistical methods. Results: This study was conducted in one from March 2016 to March 2017, and on the data of 1176 suicides. The mean age of the patients was 30.98 ± 13.03 years and 58.9% were female. 52% were single, 4.8% had a positive history of neurological diseases and 11.4% had previous suicidal experiences, 36.66% had only one occurrence of suicidal attempts. The winter with 33.1% of the most commonly visited seasons and benzodiazepines with 34.9% were the most commonly used drug among patients. Finally, 6.5% of the patients died in the hospital. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that benzodiazepine was the most commonly used drug for suicidal patients, and winter showed the highest suicide rate.


Suicide, Drug Poisoning, Seasons

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