Ontological Concept for the Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century

Fernandes Arung, Zainal Rafli, Ratna Deawanti


This review aims to discuss a new substantive theory generated from a Grounded research that we conducted in 2018 as a concept of ‘getting real way’ in the learning of the foreign languages in the 21st century and the forth. The preferent learning theory, as labelled then, covers three important concepts namely free-will-whim, individual and collective independence, and discursive. The three concepts are substantively based on the sense of liking within one’s learning as the domain of affective; it is not based on the cognitive domain and the motivation. The implication is that the learning of foreign languages should be based on the sense of liking; both in the past and current liking, that enable foreign language learners to have their learning preference.


Sense of Liking, Preferent Learning, 21th EFL Learning, Learning Interest, Learning Motive, Speaking Skills, Grounded Theory

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.10n.5p.50


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