A Comparative Study of Sadegh Hedayat’s The Blind Owl in the Light of the German Theory of Novella

Ebrahim Estarami

Abstract


Using the novella as the European literary genre has divided the Iranian literary scholars due mostly to its unknown features. Lack of research in this area has caused many writers either to abandon this literary term or to opt for alternatives such as “novelette”,” long story”, “long short story” or “short story”. This article aims to introduce the theory and characteristics of the novella as a unique literary genre, based on German literature. Despite the Italian root of the novella, it reflects its Germanic roots as it was flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries Germany. In addition, the paper explores the concept of “long story” in Iranian literature as the synonym of the term novella. The Blind Owl clearly exhibits these characteristics of the genre, especially the dramatic structure and representing a new aspect of human trait. The analysis of The Blind Owl leads to a deeper understanding of one of the most important and well-formed European literary genres and a new look at Sadegh Hedayat’s ideology as a professional author in addition to familiarizing scholars with this genre.

Keywords


Literary Genres, Theory of The Novella, Long Story, Dramatic Structure, Narrative Literature

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References


Degering, Thomas: Kurze Geschichte der Novella. Von Boccaccio bis zur Gegenwart. Dichter – Texte – Analysen – Daten. München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag 1994.

Freund, Winfried: Novella. Stuttgart: Reclam 1998.

Kästner, Albert (Hg.): Eine zurückgezogene Vorrede aus dem Jahre 1881, in: Theodor Storm, sämtliche Werke, Band 8, Leipzig: Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1920.

Krämer, Herbert (Hg.): Theorie der Novella. Stuttgart: Reclam 1976.

Kunz, Josef: Die deutsche Novella in 20. Jahrhundert. Berlin 1977.

Wagenknecht, Christian (Hrsg.): Johann Wolfgang Goethe. Novella. Erläuterungen und Dokumente. Stuttgart: Reclam 1982.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.9n.4p.98

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