Phonological Derivations of Synchronic Metathesis in Modern Persian

Mufleh Salem Alqahtani

Abstract


This study discusses phonological derivations in Modern Persian which result from synchronic metathesis in light of Optimality Theory (OT). Synchronic metathesis to follow the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP) is operated by two phonological rules; metathesis of word-final cluster and Sonority-Driven epenthesis. In this context, the first rule blocks the environment for the second. This phonological derivation is known as bleeding which is also a type of phonological derivation of synchronic metathesis that is motivated by the Syllable Contact Law. The first rule, as the metathesis of heterosyllabic consonants, blocks the environment for the second, as in contact anaptyxis. OT Parallelism is capable of accounting for this bleeding as a transparent rule interaction yielded by synchronic metathesis, which is motivated by the Syllable Contact Law as well as the SSP since reference to the intermediate steps between input and output is not necessary. To that end OT Parallelism is capable of accounting for transparency in the bleeding order.

Keywords


Persian; Metathesis; SSP; Syllable Contact Law; Transparent rule interactions; Parallel OT

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadkhani, M. R. (2010). “Phonological metathesis in Persian: Synchronic, diachronic, and the optimality theory”. Pazhuhesh-e Zabanha-ye Khareji Journal, 56, 5-24. [Online] Available:

https://jor.ut.ac.ir/article_20554_7c1b5b4e67e7c9d0637f6702b5f760f5.pdf

Bat-El, O. (1996). “Selecting the Best of the Worst: The grammar of Hebrew blends”. Phonology 13, pp. 283-328. [Online] Available:

http://www.outibatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Bat-El-1996-selecting-the-best-of-the-worst-the-grammar-of-Hebrew-blends.pdf

Blevins, J., Garrett, A. (2004). “The evolution of Metathesis” in Hayes, Bruce, Krichner, Robert, and Steriade, Donca (eds.), Phonetically Based Phonology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.117-156. [Online] Available:

https://books.google.com.sa/books?hl=en&lr=&id=LtYrdhxAO_QC&oi=fnd&pg=PA117&dq=The+evolution+of+Metathesis&ots=X1gKK_4iEQ&sig=6RVj9tzSrbxZPexWKaknLOMIj3E&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=The%20evolution%20of%20Metathesis&f=false

Fullwood, M. A. (2014). ‘The perceptual dimensions of sonority-driven epenthesis’. In Proceedings of the Annual Meetings on Phonology (Vol. 1, No. 1). [Online] Available:

http://journals.linguisticsociety.org/proceedings/index.php/amphonology/article/viewFile/14/9

Hock, H. H. (1985). “Regular metathesis”. Linguistics, 23(4), 529-546. [Online] Available:

https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ling.1985.23.issue-4/ling.1985.23.4.529/ling.1985.23.4.529.xml

Hooper, J. (1972). “The syllable in Phonological Theory”. Language 48:525-40. [Online] Available:

http://www.jstor.org/stable/412031?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Jahangiri, N. (1980). A sociolinguistic study of Tehrani Persian. PhD thesis.University of London.

Khalifelu, S. F., & Khoshkhoonejad, A. (2015). ‘The Study of Phonological Processes in Lori Dialect of Kohgilouyeh: Conversion, Metathesis and Deletion’. Language in India, 15(10).[Online] Available:

http://www.languageinindia.com/oct2015/amiraliluridialectiran.pdf

McCarthy, J.J. and Prince, A. (1995). “Faithfulness and reduplicative identity”, In J. Beckman, L. Dickey, and S. Urbanczyk (eds.), Papers in Optimality Theory. UMOP 18: 249-384. Amherst: GLSA. [Online] Available:

http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=linguist_faculty_pubs

Prince, A. and Smolensky, P. (1993). Optimality Theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar. MS, Rutgers University and University of Colorado, Boulder.

Prince, A. and Smolensky, P. (2004). Optimality Theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar. Oxford: Blackwell.

Rahbar, E. R. (2012). Aspects of Persian Phonology and Morpho-phonology. PhD dissertation. University of Toronto.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.9n.4p.92

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2021 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.