Teaching Strategies in EFL Environment in the Secondary Schools in the KSA: Evaluation and Remedies

Salmeen Abdulrahman Abdullah Al-Awaid


The EFL scenario in Saudi Arabia has been a matter of concern for academicians, learners, institutions and policy makers alike. The reason is simple: It is the single most zealously funded field of study in the state. Further, it is also an area of modern education that causes much discontent amongst the teaching-learning community who do not arrive at desired outcomes. The roots lie in our classrooms. This study is another attempt to highlight the shortcomings of the Saudi EFL classroom with the larger objective of student welfare through positive recommendations.


Teaching Strategies; ELT Environment; Secondary Schools; EFL Teaching Strategies in KSA

Full Text:



Abu-ghararah, B. (2014). Problems with speaking activities in the Saudi EFL classroom. Arab World English Journal, 5(4), 276-287.

Abu-Ras, A. S. (2002). Investigating the applicability of the communicative approach in the Saudi context (Makkah Region). (Unpublished MA thesis), Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah.

Ahmad, A. (2014). Kumaravadivelu’s framework as a basis for improving English language teaching in Saudi Arabia: Opportunities and challenges. English Language Teaching, 7(4), 96-110.

Aldosari (2013) UMM " Integrating Culture Learning Into Foreign Language Education. Al-Qurma University Journal of Languages and Literature V. No. 11. https://drive.uqu.edu.sa/_/jll/files/11/5.pdf

Alfallaj, F. S. (1998). An Evaluative Study of Teaching English as a Foreign Language at the Junior College of Technology in Buraydh. Indiana, Indiana University of Pennsylvania. PHd

Al-Hazmi, S. (2006). Writing reflection: Perceptions of Arab EFL learners. South Asian Language Review, XVI (2), 36-52. Retrieved from http://www.asian-efljournal.com/site_map.php

Al-Ma’shy, A. (2011). Causes of EFL speaking weakness in Saudi Secondary Schools in Al-Gunfuthah City (Unpublished master’s thesis). King Saudi University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Al-Mazroou, M. (1988). An evaluative study of teaching English as a foreign language in secondary schools in Saudi Arabia as perceived by Saudi EFL teachers. Unpublished master’s thesis, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.

Al-Mohanna, A. D. M. (2010). English language teaching in Saudi Arabian context: How communicatively oriented is it? Journal of King Saud University, 22, 1, 69-88.

Al-Nofaie, H. (2010). The Attitudes of Teachers and Students towards Using Arabic in EFL classrooms in Saudi Public Schools. Novitas -ROYAL, 4 (1), 64-95.

Al-Saloom, H. (1987). The History of Educational Movement in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia.

Al-Seghayer, K. (2014). The actuality, inefficiency, and needs of EFL teacher-preparation programs in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 3(1), 143-151.

Al-Seghayer, K., 2014. The four most common constraints affecting English teaching in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of English Linguistics, 4(5), p.17.

Al-Seghayer (2015) Salient Key Features of Actual English Instructional Practices in Saudi

English Language Teaching; Vol. 8, No. 6; 2015 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education.

Alshammari, M. M. (2011). The use of the mother tongue in Saudi EFL classrooms. Journal of International Educational Research, 7, 95–102.

Atkinson D (1987) ‘The mother tongue in the classroom: a neglected resource?’ ELT Journal Vol 41/4 [October 1987] pp.241-247 Oxford University Press

Bakarman, H. O. (2004). Teachers' lack of awareness as a factor preventing the implementation of the communicative approach in female intermediate EFL classrooms. M.A thesis, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia

Brown, H. (2001). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. (2nd edition). New York: Longman, Inc.

Cameron, L. (2001). Teaching Languages to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Chavez, M. (2002). We say "culture" and students ask "What?": University students' definitions of foreign language culture. Die Unterrichtspraxis/Teaching German, 35(2), 129-140

Chavez, Monika. 2003. The diglossic foreign-language classroom: Learners’ views on L1 and L2 functions. In The sociolinguistics of foreign-language classrooms: Contributions of the native, the near-native and the non-native speaker, ed. Carl Blyth, 163–208. Boston: Thomson/Heinle.

Darandari, E., & Murphy, A. (2013). Assessment of student learning. Higher Education Dynamics, 40(61-71).

Hamad, M. (2013). Factors negatively affect speaking skills at Saudi colleges for girls in the south. English Language Teaching, 6(12), 87-97.

Hamad, M. (2013). Factors negatively affect speaking skills at Saudi colleges for girls in the south. English Language Teaching, 6(12), 87-97.

Hamdan, A (2014). The Reciprocal and Correlative Relationship Between Learning Culture and Online Education: A Case from Saudi Arabia. The International Review ofResearch in Open and Distributed Learning, Vol. 15, No.1. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1408

Khan, I. (2013). Speaking skills and teaching strategies: The case of an EFL classroom. Elixir International Journal, 58(10), 14557-14560.

Khan, I.A. (2011). Learning difficulties in English: Diagnosis and pedagogy in Saudi Arabia. Educational Research, 2(7), 1248-1257. Available online http://www.interesjournals.org/ER

Kharesheh, A. (2012). Exploring when and why to use Arabic in the Saudi Arabian EFL classroom: Viewing L1 use as eclectic technique. English Language Teaching, 5(6), 78-88.

Machaal, B. (2012). The Use of Arabic in English Classes: A teaching Support or a Learning Hindrance? Arab World English Journal 3(2): 194-232.

Mahmoud, S. (2012). The effect of using L1 (Arabic language) in the L2 (English Language) classroom on the achievement in general English of foundation year students in King Abdulaziz University. Sino-US English Teaching, 9(12), 1734-1738.

Noor, H. H. 1994). "Some Implications of the Role of the Mother Tongue in Second Language Acquisition." Linguistica communication, 6, 97-106.

Oxford, R., & Scarcella, R. C. (1994). Second Language Vocabulary Learning among Adults: State of The Art in Vocabulary Instruction. System, 22(2), 231-243

Richards, Jack C., and Theodore Rodgers (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language. Teaching. Second Edition. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Willis D. and J. Willis, 2007 Doing Task-based Teaching Oxford University Press

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.9n.2p.50


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.