Literary Aesthetics in the Narration of Dagara Folktales

Martin Kyiileyang

Abstract


Dagara folktales, like other African folktales, are embedded with various literary aesthetic features related to structure, language and performance. This paper examines major literary aesthetics found in Dagara folktales. The methodology used is based on the collection, analysis and interpretation of selected Dagara folktales gathered through fieldwork. The focus of the paper is on the structure and the language of Dagara folktales. The argument of this paper is grounded on the Structuralist Theory as seen in Gerard Genette’s Narrative Discourse which offers the basic constituents and techniques of narrative. Genette proposes various categories of narrative which cover Time, Mood and Voice. Genette’s narrative structure suggests that the various categories and subcategories emphasise that the narrative is a complex structure in which the narratee is largely present in the various strata of the structure. Genette is concerned with the macro-text of the recit, that is, the ordering of events in the narrative. The study revealed that there are similarities and differences in the structure and the language of Dagara folktales in relation to other African folktales.

Keywords: Dagara People, Folktale, Literary Aesthetics, Performance, Structuralist Theory


Full Text:

PDF

References


Agyekum, K. (2007/2013). Introduction to Literature (3rd Ed.), Legon-Accra: Adwinsa Publications (Gh) Ltd.

Bauman, R. (1983). “The field study of folklore in context” in Handbook of American Folklore, ed.Richard Dorson. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 362-368.

Bekye, P. K. (1991). Divine Revelation and Traditional African Religions, Rome, Leberit.

Boundas, C. V. (2007). The Edinburgh Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophies Gt. Britain, Edinburgh University Press.

Chatman, S. (1978). Story and Discourse, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Fischer, J.L. (1963). “The sociopsychological analysis of folktales”, Current Anthropology, The University of Chicago Press, 4, 3, 235-295.

Genette, G. (1980). Narrative Discourse Trans. Jane Lewin. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Green, T. A. (1997). Folklore: An Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music and Art, California, USA/Oxford, England: ABC-CLIO, Inc.

Hymes, D., & Tedlock, D. (1975). “Breakthrough into performance,” in Dan Ben-Amos and Kenneth Goldstein (eds.) Folklore: Performance and Communication.The Hague: Morton Press Internet: Growth of Folklore Theories: An Introduction. Available :www.ciitebooks.net/html/folkintro/ch2.html

Jahner, E. (1983). “Finding the way home: the interpretation of American Indian folklore” in Handbook of American Folklore, ed. Richard Dorson. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 11-17.

Kabaji, E. (2012). The Maragoli Folktale:its Meaning and Aesthetics, Kenya: Kenyatta University. Available: http://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/4914

Kuwabong, D. (1992). Naa Kↄnga and Other Dagaaba Folktales, Accra: Woeli Publishing Services.

Kyiileyang, M. (Forthcoming) Beyond the Moral Lessons: The Aesthetics of Dagara Folktales, Ongoing Ph.D Dissertation Material.

Kyoore, P., & Sikyoghrkur, B.K. (2009). Folktales of the Dagara of West Africa, Accra-Ghana,Qolyns Skan Multimedia Limited.

Magoulick, M. (2012). “History of Folklore” Available: www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu|

Okpewho, I. (1992). African Oral Literature: Backgrounds, Character and Continuity, Indiana and Bloonington, Indiana University Press.

Prince, G.J. (1973). A Grammar of Stories: An Introduction. The Hague; Paris:Mouton.

Tedlock, D. (1978). Finding the Center: Narrative Poetry of the Zuni Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Thompson, S. (1955). “Motif-Index of Folk-Literature:A Classification of Narrative Elements inFolktales, Ballads, Myths, Fables, Medieval Romances, Exempla, Fabliaux, Jest-books and Local Legends”. Rev. and enlarged ed. 6vols. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Yankah, K. (1989). The Proverb in the Context of Akan Rhetoric—A Theory of Proverb Praxis. NewYork: Peter Lang.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2010-2019 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

Advances in Language and Literary Studies

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.