The Use of Frame Story in Kashmira Sheth’s Boys without Names

Faisal Laee Etan Alobeytha, Sharifah Fazliyaton binti Shaik Ismail, Aspalila bt. Shapii


Authors for young adult literature often present their tales directly through the voice of the story narrators. However, Kashmira Sheth, in her Boys without Names, seeks to present her tale, specifically the issue of child labor, through the use of frame stories which are recounted by two or more narrators. Through frame stories, the authors are able to raise the readers’ awareness of child labor. This paper, through narrative theory, sets out to examine the function of frame stories in young adult literature and explores how Kashmira Sheth employs this literature to impart wisdom and the importance of being mindful of other people. The study found that frame stories have a remarkable impact on how the young readers comprehend the themes prevalent in Boys without Names.  Frame stories also allow the author to convey moral messages and good virtues to the young adult audience. The use of fables also entertains and amuses the readers. Finally, by incorporating multiple narrators in this novel, the author is able not only to depict the issue of child labor from various perspectives; she also expands insights on child labor and confirms the credibility and reliability of the literary text.

Keywords: child labor, fables, frame stories, young adult literature

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