An Aspect of Colonialism and Anti-Colonialism: A Comparative Study between the Traces of British Imperialism in English Literature and the Counterpoint of Anti-Colonialism in Bengali Literature of 19th Century

Farhana Haque

Abstract


In Mansfield Park, Jane Austen has exhibited the English identity lies on property earned by the slave trade in Caribbean Islands. If we go deep inside of the history of Britain we could able to see their awareness and concern over a national identity, and consider American colonies a poor reflection on Britain. The traits of British colonization always stretched their dominating wings soar above in the sky of ruling. The tyrannical rule on the Caribbean Islands and other places, where they have set the subjugation upon the destitute subjects. Such as West Indies, Jamaica, Haiti, Indian sub-continent and many more countries which they consider inferior in front of them. This was the ideology of English people and their smug of English identity. In the first part of my research paper, I am suppose to depict that, how the English superiority discern its voice through the narrative of the 19th century English novels. The great example of English superiority proved by the reading of Mansfield Park, and this novel will also explore the deepest meaning of coveted Englishness. Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park, which has written based on English identity earned by slave trade and also the English people who are very much obsessed with property, money, status, elite class attitudes and heedless towards their subordinate people. On the other hands, Kazi Nazrul Islam upholds the position of anti colonial writer. He was very much against the British rule and their despotic rulers.  Therefore, Kazi Nazrul Islam has established the notion of anti British ideology and activities through his writings and showed the world about his rebellious nature.

Keywords: Mansfield Park, British colonialism, Caribbean Islands, Anti-colonialism, Rebellion


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References


Austen, J. (1934). Mansfield Park. The Novels of Jane Austen. Vol. III, 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University press.

Abdul, H. (1974). The Fiery Lyre of Nazrul Islam, (Bangla Academy; Dhaka).

Nurul Huda, M. (2001). Nazrul’s Aesthetics and Other Aspects. Bangladesh: Nazrul Institute. P.124.

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Spivak, G. (1991). Three Woman’s Texts and a critique of Imperialism” in Feminism: An Anthology of Literary Theory and Criticism Eds. Robyn Warhol and Diane Herndl. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University press.


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