Inclusive Recreational Sport for Visually Impaired and Sighted School Children Using Floormatics

Franz U. Atare, Abdulsalam Abdullah, Funke A. Olarinoye, Tajudeen O. Ibraheem


Background: Globally, no sport provides a competitive setting for both the sighted and visually impaired, with either having an equal chance of winning. Floormatics is an innovative game designed to give a fair and inclusive play situation for the sighted and visually impaired with the aid of the blindfold. Objective: This study focused on utilising floormatics (play de blind) to promote inclusive recreational sports among visually impaired and sighted school children in Northern Nigeria on acceptability, inclusiveness, recreation behaviour, level of satisfaction, willingness to participate, and ability to compete in the game. Method: The cohort study design was used adopting a posttest-only experimental research method and a multistage sampling technique in selecting 180 volunteered participants comprising 90 visually impaired and 90 sighted from six schools in four states at the three geo-political zones that are part of the 19 states that comprised northern Nigeria. After 10-12 weeks of training and competition, data were collected with a modified theory of planned behaviour questionnaire (TBQ). Data were analysed using simple regression at.05 alpha levels. Result: The findings showed that 98% of the participants were delighted and willing to sustain participation [P<.05], and engaged in competition with their counterparts irrespective of their visual status [P<.05]. Also, there was no significant difference in the level of satisfaction [P>.05] or competition involvement [P>.05] among the sighted and visually impaired. Conclusion: The study has shown that floormatics as a game is capable of changing the inclusive recreational behaviour of the visually impaired with the sighted. Consequently, it was recommended that floormatics should be introduced to all-inclusive schools as an extracurricular sport, and adopt floormatics as a National Sport to promote healthy competition among the sighted and visually impaired.


Inclusive Sport, Recreational Activities, Visually Impaired, Sighted

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