Jump Rope Training for Health and Fitness in School-age Participants: Secondary Analyses from a Systematic Review

Ekaitz Dudagoitia Barrio, Cristian Alvarez, Rohit K. Thapa, Akhilesh K. Ramachandran, Utkarsh Singh, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo


Background: Altering moderator variables during a jump rope training (JRT) program can provide a novel training modification that can be used to modify the specific training outcomes. JRT is commonly implemented as a traditional game activity in many countries as an old culture of physical activity in school-age participants (SAP). However, strength and conditioning professionals need to know how JRT moderator variables affect these health- and physical fitness outcomes. Thus, an evidence-gap map (EGM) could provides a clearer picture of the design of an appropriate JRT based on scientific evidence. Objective: the purpose of this systematic review secondary analysis was to assess the moderator variables related to JRT effectiveness for health and physical fitness-related outcomes in SAP. Method: literature searches were conducted in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Web of Science and SCOPUS. The PICOS (participants, intervention, comparators, outcomes, and study design) approach was used to rate studies for eligibility. An EGM was constructed to graphically represent the body of evidence and the current research gaps. Results: 10,546 records were initially identified and finally, 8 studies were considered. A total of 186 participants were analysed in the intervention groups (16 groups). Five of Eight studies measured health-related parameters and five of eight included fitness-related parameters. Conclusion: rope weight (e.g., weighted rope i.e. 695 g), adequate post-exercise recovery strategies (e.g., dark chocolate supplementation), type of jump (e.g., freestyle), and total number of jumps, can be


Plyometric Exercise, Musculoskeletal And Neural Physiological Phenomena, Human Physical Conditioning, Movement, Muscle Strength, Resistance Training

Full Text:



Ache-Dias, J., Dellagrana, R. A., Teixeira, A. S., Dal Pupo, J., & Moro, A. R. (2015). Effect of jumping interval training on neuromuscular and physiological parameters: A randomized controlled study. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(1), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0368

Albers, J. A., & Lewis, B. A. (2020). Afterschool jump rope program: Time and intensity of physical activity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(2), 877-882. 10.7752/jpes.2020.02125

Anand, S. P. (2021). Training during a pandemic. Cell Reports, 2(4), 100258. 10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100258

Arnason, A., Sigurdsson, S. B., Gudmundsson, A., Holme, I., Engebretsen, L., & Bahr, R. (2004). Physical Fitness, Injuries, and Team Performance in Soccer: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36(2), 278-285. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000113478.92945.CA

Arnett, M. G., & Lutz, B. (2002). Effects of rope-jump training on the os calcis stiffness index of postpubescent girls: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34(12), 1913-1919. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200212000-00009

Barahona-Fuentes, G. D., Huerta Ojeda, Á., & Galdames Maliqueo, S. (2019). Influencia de la pliometría basada en un Entrenamiento Intervalado de Alta Intensidad sobre la altura de salto y pico de potencia en futbolistas Sub-17. Educación Física y Ciencia, 21(2), 80-80. http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24215/23142561e080.

Bassey, E., & Ramsdale, S. (1994). Increase in femoral bone density in young women following high-impact exercise. Osteoporosis international, 4(2), 72-75. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01623226

Behringer, M., Neuerburg, S., Matthews, M., & Mester, J. (2013). Effects of two different resistance-training programs on mean tennis-serve velocity in adolescents. Pediatric exercise science, 25(3), 370-384. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.25.3.370

Bellver, M., Drobnic, F., Jovell, E., Ferrer-Roca, V., Abalos, X., Del Rio, L., & Trilla, A. (2021). Jumping rope and whole-body vibration program effects on bone values in Olympic artistic swimmers. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 39(5), 858-867. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00774-021-01224-3

Boettcher, C. E., Cathers, I., & Ginn, K. A. (2010). The role of shoulder muscles is task specific. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 651-656. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2010.03.008

Buchheit, M., Rabbani, A., & Beigi, H. T. (2014). Predicting changes in high-intensity intermittent running performance with acute responses to short jump rope workouts in children. Journal of sports science & medicine, 13(3), 476. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4126281/

Caspersen, C. J., Powell, K. E., & Christenson, G. M. (1985). Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: Definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public health reports, 100(2), 126. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1424733/

Chaput, J.-P., Willumsen, J., Bull, F., Chou, R., Ekelund, U., Firth, J., Jago, R., Ortega, F. B., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2020). 2020 WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour for children and adolescents aged 5–17 years: Summary of the evidence. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 17(1), 141. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-01037-z

Chen, C.-C., & Lin, S.-Y. (2011). The impact of rope jumping exercise on physical fitness of visually impaired students. Research in developmental disabilities, 32(1), 25-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.08.010

Chen, Chao-Chien & Chen, C. C., & Lin, Y. C. (2012). Jumping Rope Intervention on Health-Related Physical Fitness in Students with Intellectual Impairment. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 8(1), 56-62. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/document?repid=rep1&type=pdf&doi=21b9ff8f60f059b9785506f8392608ea158dce11

Chottidao, M., Kuo, C. H., Tsai, S. C., Hwang, S., Lin, J. J., & Tsai, Y. S. (2022). A Comparison of Plyometric and Jump Rope Training Programs for Improving Punching Performance in Junior Amateur Boxers. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 10. https://doi.org/doi: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.878527

Chu, D., & Myer, G. (2013). Anatomy and physiology of plyometrics. Plyometrics. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 13-14.

Ciacci, S., & Bartolomei, S. (2017). The effects of two different explosive strength training programs on vertical jump performance in basketball. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 58(10), 1375-1382.

Cinar-Medeni, O., Baltaci, G., Bayramlar, K., & Yanmis, I. (2015). Core stability, knee muscle strength, and anterior translation are correlated with postural stability in anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed patients. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(4), 280-287. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000177

Colakoglu, F., Karacan, S., Guzel, N., & Baltaci, G. (2017). Does the Weighted Rope Jump Training Affect the Motor Skills in Adolescent Female Volleyball Players? Archives of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, 2(1), 005-009. https://doi.org/10.17352/asmp.000004

da Silva, V. F. N., da Silva Aguiar, S., Sousa, C. V., da Costa Sotero, R., Souto Filho, J. M., Oliveira, I., Mota, M. R., Simões, H. G., & Sales, M. M. (2017). Effects of short-term plyometric training on physical fitness parameters in female futsal athletes. Journal of physical therapy science, 29(5), 783-788. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.29.783

de Souza, R. M., da Silva Lourenço, C. A., dos Santos, M. B., Fiori, H., de Azevedo Cardoso, M., Antunes, M. A., Bassani Filho, R., & Caregnato, A. F. (2020). O exercício de pular corda como forma de treinamento de força para goleiros. RBFF-Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol, 12(48), 166-172. http://www.rbff.com.br/index.php/rbff/article/view/860

Dimarucot, H. C., & Soriano, G. P. (2020). Effectiveness of the Multistage Jumping Rope Program in Enhancing the Physical Fitness Levels among University Students. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 8(5), 235-239. 10.13189/saj.2020.080511

Duzgun, I., Baltaci, G., Colakoglu, F., Tunay, V. B., & Ozer, D. (2010). The Effects of Jump-Rope Training on Shoulder Isokinetic Strength in Adolescent Volleyball Players. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 19(2), 184-199. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.19.2.184

Eler, N., & Acar, H. (2018). The Effects of the Rope Jump Training Program in Physical Education Lessons on Strength, Speed and VO 2 Max in Children. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(2), 340-345. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1170647

Engelke, K., Kemmler, W., Lauber, D., Beeskow, C., Pintag, R., & Kalender, W. (2006). Exercise maintains bone density at spine and hip EFOPS: a 3-year longitudinal study in early postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis international, 17(1), 133-142. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00198-005-1938-9

Eskandari, M., Hooshmand Moghadam, B., Bagheri, R., Ashtary-Larky, D., Eskandari, E., Nordvall, M., Dutheil, F., & Wong, A. (2020). Effects of Interval Jump Rope Exercise Combined with Dark Chocolate Supplementation on Inflammatory Adipokine, Cytokine Concentrations, and Body Composition in Obese Adolescent Boys. Nutrients, 12(10), 3011. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103011

Faigenbaum, A. D., & Myer, G. D. (2010). Resistance training among young athletes: Safety, efficacy and injury prevention effects. British journal of sports medicine, 44(1), 56-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.068098

Fernandes, M., & Hans, V. (2022). Effect of Jump Rope Program on the Skills of Elementary Students. Effect of Jump Rope Program on the Skills of Elementary Students (May 15, 2022). http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4110346

Formenti, D., Rossi, A., Bongiovanni, T., Campa, F., Cavaggioni, L., Alberti, G., Longo, S., & Trecroci, A. (2021). Effects of non-sport-specific versus sport-specific training on physical performance and perceptual response in young football players. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(4), 1962. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041962

García-Pinillos, F., Lago-Fuentes, C., Latorre-Román, P. A., Pantoja-Vallejo, A., & Ramirez-Campillo, R. (2020). Jump-rope training: Improved 3-km time-trial performance in endurance runners via enhanced lower-limb reactivity and foot-arch stiffness. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 15(7), 927-933. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0529

Gentil, P., Ramirez-Campillo, R., & Souza, D. (2020). Resistance training in face of the coronavirus outbreak: Time to think outside the box. Frontiers in physiology, 11, 859. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00859

Ghorbanian, B., Ravassi, A., Kordi, M. R., & Hedayati, M. (2013). The effects of rope training on lymphocyte ABCA1 expression, plasma ApoA-I and HDL-c in boy adolescents. International journal of endocrinology and metabolism, 11(2), 76. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3693670/

Goodwin, M. H. (1985). The serious side of jump rope: Conversational practices and social organization in the frame of play. The Journal of American Folklore, 98(389), 315-330. https://doi.org/10.2307/539938

Grudniewicz, A., Moher, D., Cobey, K. D., Bryson, G. L., Cukier, S., Allen, K., Ardern, C., Balcom, L., Barros, T., & Berger, M. (2019). Predatory journals: No definition, no defence. the reference not complite. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03759-y

Ha, A. S., & Ng, J. Y. (2017). Rope skipping increases bone mineral density at calcanei of pubertal girls in Hong Kong: A quasi-experimental investigation. Plos one, 12(12), e0189085. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189085

Hamid, A., Jalali-Fard, A., & Abdinejad, H. (2016). A comparison of two aerobic training methods (running vs rope jumping) on health-related physical fitness in 10 to 12 years old boys. Physical Activity Review, 4, 9-17. https://doi.org/10.16926/par.2016.04.02

Hernandez, B. L. M., Gober, D., Boatwright, D., & Strickland, G. (2009). Jump rope skills for fun and fitness in grades K-12. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 80(7), 15-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2009.10598352

Hooshmand Moghadam, B., Bagheri, R., Ghanavati, M., Khodadadi, F., Cheraghloo, N., Wong, A., Nordvall, M., Suzuki, K., & Shabkhiz, F. (2021). The Combined Effects of 6 Weeks of Jump Rope Interval Exercise and Dark Chocolate Consumption on Antioxidant Markers in Obese Adolescent Boys. Antioxidants, 10(11), 1675. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10111675

Jahromi, M. S., & Gholami, M. (2015). The effect of jump-rope training on the physical fitness of 9 to 10 years old female students. Advances in Applied Science Research, 6(4), 135-140.

Kato, T., Terashima, T., Yamashita, T., Hatanaka, Y., Honda, A., & Umemura, Y. (2006). Effect of low-repetition jump training on bone mineral density in young women. Journal of applied physiology, 100(3), 839-843. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00666.2005

Kemmler, W., Engelke, K., Lauber, D., Weineck, J., Hensen, J., & Kalender, W. A. (2002). Exercise effects on fitness and bone mineral density in early postmenopausal women: 1-year EFOPS results. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 34(12), 2115-2123. 10.1097/00005768-200212000-00038

Kemmler, W., Engelke, K., Weineck, J., Hensen, J., & Kalender, W. A. (2003). The Erlangen Fitness Osteoporosis Prevention Study: A controlled exercise trial in early postmenopausal women with low bone density—First-year results. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 84(5), 673-682. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(02)04908-0

Kemmler, W., Lauber, D., Weineck, J., Hensen, J., Kalender, W., & Engelke, K. (2004). Benefits of 2 years of intense exercise on bone density, physical fitness, and blood lipids in early postmenopausal osteopenic women: Results of the Erlangen Fitness Osteoporosis Prevention Study (EFOPS). Archives of Internal Medicine, 164(10), 1084-1091. 10.1001/archinte.164.10.1084

Kim, E. S., Im, J., Kim, K. C., Park, J. H., Suh, S., Kang, E. S., Kim, S. H., Jekal, Y., Lee, C. W., & Yoon, Y. (2007). Improved insulin sensitivity and adiponectin level after exercise training in obese Korean youth. Obesity, 15(12), 3023-3030. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.360

Kim, J., Son, W. M., Headid III, R. J., Pekas, E. J., Noble, J. M., & Park, S. Y. (2020). The effects of a 12-week jump rope exercise program on body composition, insulin sensitivity, and academic self-efficacy in obese adolescent girls. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 31(1), 129-137. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00421-018-4051-4

Kramer, A., Poppendieker, T., & Gruber, M. (2019). Suitability of jumps as a form of high-intensity interval training: Effect of rest duration on oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood lactate. European journal of applied physiology, 119(5), 1149-1156. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00421-019-04105-w

Krzysztofik, Wilk, Wojdała, & Gołaś. (2019). Maximizing Muscle Hypertrophy: A Systematic Review of Advanced Resistance Training Techniques and Methods. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(24), 4897. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244897

Kusuma, A. I., Setijonob, H., & Mintartoc, E. (2020). Effects of jump rope and high jump training with 1:1 intervals on increasing Vo2max and anaerobic threshold. 12(6), 429-442. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2022.2099161

Lee, B. (2003). Jump Rope Training 2nd Edition. Human Kinetics. more information

Liberati, A., Altman, D. G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Gøtzsche, P. C., Ioannidis, J. P., Clarke, M., Devereaux, P. J., Kleijnen, J., & Moher, D. (2009). The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: Explanation and elaboration. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 62(10), e1-e34. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-151-4-200908180-00136

MacKelvie, K. J., McKay, H. A., Khan, K. M., & Crocker, P. R. (2001). A school-based exercise intervention augments bone mineral accrual in early pubertal girls. The Journal of pediatrics, 139(4), 501-508. https://doi.org/10.1067/mpd.2001.118190

Masterson, G. L., & Brown, S. P. (1993). Effects of weighted rope jump training on power performance tests in collegians. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 7(2), 108-114. https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Abstract/1993/05000/.6.aspx

Miake-Lye, I. M., Hempel, S., Shanman, R., & Shekelle, P. G. (2016). What is an evidence map? A systematic review of published evidence maps and their definitions, methods, and products. Systematic reviews, 5(1), 1-21. https://systematicreviewsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13643-016-0204-x

Miyaguchi, K., Demura, S., & Omoya, M. (2015). Relationship between jump rope double unders and sprint performance in elementary schoolchildren. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(11), 3229-3233. 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000543

Mullur, K. V. M., & Jyoti, D. (2019). The impact of jump rope exercises on the body mass index of 12 to 16 years school children. International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education, 4(1), 133-135. https://www.journalofsports.com/pdf/2019/vol4issue1/PartD/4-1-33-715.pdf

Nogueira, R. C., Weeks, B. K., & Beck, B. R. (2014). An in-school exercise intervention to enhance bone and reduce fat in girls: The CAPO Kids trial. Bone, 68, 92-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2014.08.006

Ozer, D., Duzgun, I., Baltaci, G., Karacan, S., & Colakoglu, F. (2011). The effects of rope or weighted rope jump training on strength, coordination and proprioception in adolescent female volleyball players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 51(2), 9.

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J. M., Akl, E. A., & Brennan, S. E. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. Revista Española de Cardiología, 74(9), 790-799. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2021.06.016

Partavi, S. (2013). Effects of 7 weeks of rope-jump training on cardiovascular endurance, speed, and agility in middle school student boys. Sport Science, 6(2), 40-43.

Pérez-Castilla, A., García-Ramos, A., Padial, P., Morales-Artacho, A. J., & Feriche, B. (2018). Effect of different velocity loss thresholds during a power-oriented resistance training program on the mechanical capacities of lower-body muscles. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(12), 1331-1339. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1376900

Peters, M. D., Godfrey, C., McInerney, P., Khalil, H., Larsen, P., Marnie, C., Pollock, D., Tricco, A. C., & Munn, Z. (2022). Best practice guidance and reporting items for the development of scoping review protocols. JBI evidence synthesis, 20(4), 953-968. 10.11124/JBIES-21-00242

Praveen A, A., Joseph A, S., Prasanna A, T. A., & Manoranjith A, R. (s. f.). Magnificent Promotion of Muscular Strength and Explosive Power Among College Female Volleyball Players due to the Selected Jump Rope Training, 26(7).

Ramirez-Campillo, R., Álvarez, C., García-Hermoso, A., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Gentil, P., Asadi, A., Chaabene, H., Moran, J., Meylan, C., & García-de-Alcaraz, A. (2018). Methodological characteristics and future directions for plyometric jump training research: A scoping review. Sports Medicine, 48(5), 1059-1081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0870-z

Reaper, F., Bandy, W. D., Longinotti, S., Carson, A. P., Hattlestad, M., Culpepper, H., & Campbell, M. (1996). The effect of using frontal shoe orthotics and plyometric training on selected functional measurements in junior high school football players. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 6(1), 45-49. https://doi.org/10.3233/IES-1996-6108

Sandstedt, E., Fasth, A., Eek, M. N., & Beckung, E. (2013). Muscle strength, physical fitness and well-being in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the effect of an exercise programme: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatric Rheumatology, 11(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1546-0096-11-7

Sankar, S. B., & Thanalakshmi, R. (s. f.). Effect of Jump Rope Training on Speed Explosive Power among College Kabaddi Players. Pre-Exercise Nutrition: Carbohydrates and Fluid Requirement for Training and Competition, 50. More information. DOI

Schuller-Martínez, B., Meza, N., Pérez-Bracchiglione, J., Franco, J. V. A., Loezar, C., & Madrid, E. (2021). Graphical representation of the body of the evidence: The essentials for understanding the evidence gap map approach. Medwave, 21(3), e8164-e8164. 10.5867/medwave.2021.03.8164

Sekhon, B. S., & Maniazhagu, D. (2018). Effects of aerobic training and jump rope training on flexibility of overweight children. J Emerg Technol Innov Res, 5(5), 385-389.

Seo, K. (2017). The effects of dance music jump rope exercise on pulmonary function and body mass index after music jump rope exercise in overweight adults in 20’s. Journal of physical therapy science, 29(8), 1348-1351. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.29.1348

Singh, U., Ramachandran, A. K., Ramirez-Campillo, R., Perez-Castilla, A., Afonso, J., Manuel Clemente, F., & Oliver, J. (2022). Jump rope training effects on health-and sport-related physical fitness in young participants: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2022.2099161

Snilstveit, B., Vojtkova, M., Bhavsar, A., Stevenson, J., & Gaarder, M. (2016). Evidence & Gap Maps: A tool for promoting evidence informed policy and strategic research agendas. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 79, 120-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.05.015

Sortwell, A., Newton, M., Marinho, D. A., Ferraz, R., & Perlman, D. (2021). The effects of an eight week plyometric-based program on motor performance skills and muscular power in 7-8-year-old primary school students. International Journal of Kinesiology abd Sports Science, 9(4), 1-12. http://journals.aiac.org.au/index.php/IJKSS/article/view/6994

Stengel, S. V., Kemmler, W., Pintag, R., Beeskow, C., Weineck, J., Lauber, D., Kalender, W. A., & Engelke, K. (2005). Power training is more effective than strength training for maintaining bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Journal of applied physiology. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01260.2004

Sung, K.-D., Pekas, E. J., Scott, S. D., Son, W.-M., & Park, S.-Y. (2019). The effects of a 12-week jump rope exercise program on abdominal adiposity, vasoactive substances, inflammation, and vascular function in adolescent girls with prehypertension. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(2), 577-585. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-4051-4

Travis, S. K., Ishida, A., Taber, C. B., Fry, A. C., & Stone, M. H. (2020). Emphasizing task-specific hypertrophy to enhance sequential strength and power performance. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 5(4), 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk5040076

Trecroci, A., Cavaggioni, L., Caccia, R., & Alberti, G. (2015). Jump rope training: Balance and motor coordination in preadolescent soccer players. Journal of sports science & medicine, 14(4), 792. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4657422/

Turgut, E., Çolakoğlu, F. F., Atalay Güzel, N., Karacan, S., & Baltacı, G. (2016). Effects of Weighted Versus Standard Jump Rope Training on Physical Fitness in Adolescent Female Volleyball Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Türk Fizyoterapi ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi, 27(3), 108-108. https://doi.org/10.21653/tfrd.286776

von Stengel, S., Kemmler, W., Kalender, W. A., Engelke, K., & Lauber, D. (2007). Differential effects of strength versus power training on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: A 2-year longitudinal study. British journal of sports medicine, 41(10), 649-655. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.033480

Waffenschmidt, S., Knelangen, M., Sieben, W., Bühn, S., & Pieper, D. (2019). Single screening versus conventional double screening for study selection in systematic reviews: A methodological systematic review. BMC medical research methodology, 19(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0782-0

Ward, P., Hodges, N. J., Starkes, J. L., & Williams, M. A. (2007). The road to excellence: Deliberate practice and the development of expertise. High ability studies, 18(2), 119-153. https://doi.org/10.1080/13598130701709715

Witzke, K. A., & Snow, C. M. (2000). Effects of polymetric jump training on bone mass in adolescent girls. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 32(6), 1051-1057.

Yang, X., Lee, J., Gu, X., Zhang, X., & Zhang, T. (2020). Physical Fitness Promotion among Adolescents: Effects of a Jump Rope-Based Physical Activity Afterschool Program. Children, 7(8), 95. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7080095

Zwolski, C., Quatman-Yates, C., & Paterno, M. V. (2017). Resistance training in youth: Laying the foundation for injury prevention and physical literacy. Sports health, 9(5), 436-443. https://doi.org/10.1177/19417381177041

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijkss.v.11n.1p.27


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.