Lower limb compression garments do not influence dynamic and static balance performance in young males

Nathan J Washington, Peter J Clothier, Clare MacMahon, Kurt Mudie, Kenneth S Graham, Kylie A Steel


Background: Some studies show that wearing compression garments (CGs) improves balance performance. However, the overall evidence supporting their use for balance improvement is inconclusive. Objective: This study aimed to further explore the effect of CGs on balance. Method: Using a cross sectional within subjects repeated measures design fourteen participants (27 ± 3 years) completed three trials for each of four balance tests, under three conditions: compression garment, no garment, and sham. Subjective performance and garment rating scores were also collected following each test condition. A repeated-measures analysis of variance was performed to compare derived variables between conditions for each balance test. Results: No significant differences were found across conditions or tests for either balance performance or subjective measures. Conclusions: This study demonstrated CGs did not influence dynamic or static balance performance in healthy young males. Further, in contrast to other research this study did not demonstrate an effect of compression garments on dynamic or static balance in healthy young males. However, it remains that CGs may provide benefit in other populations including those with balance and movement deficit disorders.


Clothing; Motor Control; Motor Learning; Postural Balance; Proprioception; Stability

Full Text:



Behm, D. G., Wahl, M. J., Button, D. C., Power, K. E., & Anderson, K. G. (2005). Relationship Between Hockey Skating Speed and Selected Performance Measures. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(2), 326–331. https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200505000-00015

Bernhardt, T., & Anderson, G. S. (2005). Influence of moderate prophylactic compression on sport performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(2), 292–297. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(2005)19

Borg, G. (1982). Ratings of perceived exertion and heart rates during short-term cycle exercise and their use in a new cycling strength test. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(03), 153-158. DOI 10.1055/s-2008-1026080

Born, D. P., Holmberg, H. C., Goernert, F., & Sperlich, B. (2014). A novel compression garment with adhesive silicone stripes improves repeated sprint performance - a multi-experimental approach on the underlying mechanisms. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2052-1847-6-21

Brophy-Williams, N., Driller, M. W., Shing, C. M., Fell, J. W., & Halson, S. L. (2015). Confounding compression: the effects of posture, sizing and garment type on measured interface pressure in sports compression clothing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(13), 1403–1410. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.990489

Hrysomallis, C. (2011). Balance ability and athletic performance. Sports medicine, 41(3), 221-232. DOI 10.2165/11538560-000000000-00000

Cameron, M. L., Adams, R. D., & Maher, C. G. (2008). The effect of neoprene shorts on leg proprioception in Australian football players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 11(3), 345–352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.03.007

Cavanaugh, M. T., Quigley, P.J., Hodgson, D. D., Reid, J. C., Behm, D. G. (2015). Kinesiology tape or compression sleeve applied to the thigh does not improve balance or muscle activation before or following fatigue. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(7), 1992–2000. DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001297

Chew-Bullock, T. S. Y., Anderson, D. I., Hamel, K. A., Gorelick, M. L., Wallace, S. A., & Sidaway, B. (2012). Kicking performance in relation to balance ability over the support leg. Human Movement Science, 31(6), 1615–1623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2012.07.001

Davlin, C. D. (2004). Dynamic balance in high level athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1955, 1171–1176. DOI 10.2466/pms.98.3c.1171-1176

Doan, B. K., Kwon, Y. H., Newton, R. U., Shim, J., Popper, E. M., Rogers, R. A., Bolt, L. R., Robertson, M., & Kraemer, W. J. (2003). Evaluation of a lower-body compression garment. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(8), 601–610. https://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000101971

Daneshjoo, A., Tavakol, A., & Sadeghi, H. (2020). Effect of twelve sessions of tai chi exercise on static and dynamic balance in young girls. International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science, 8(1), 26-30.DOI

Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175-191.

Lesinski, M., Behm, D. G., & Granacher, U. (2018). Effects and dose–response relationship of balance training on balance performance in youth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 48(9), 2067-2089. DOI

Gribble, P. A., Hertel, J., & Plisky, P. (2012). Using the star excursion balance test to assess dynamic postural-control deficits and outcomes in lower extremity injury: A literature and systematic review. Journal of Athletic Training, 47(3), 339–357. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-47.3.08

Gualtieri, D., Cattaneo, A., Sarcinella, R., Cimadoro, G., & Alberti, G. (2008). Relationship between balance capacity and jump ability in amateur soccer players of different ages. Sport Sciences for Health, 3(3), 73–76. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-008-0074-2

Gupta, A., Bryers, J. J., & Clothier, P. J. (2015). The effect of leg compression garments on the mechanical characteristics and performance of single-leg hopping in healthy male volunteers. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 7(1), 5–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-015-0005-x

Hasan, H., Davids, K., Chow, J. Y., & Kerr, G. (2016). Changes in organisation of instep kicking as a 30 function of wearing compression and textured materials. European Journal of Sport Science, 31 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2016.1241829

Hooper, D. R., Dulkis, L. L., Secola, P. J., Holtzum, G., Harper, S. P., Kalkowski, R. J.,… Kraemer, W. J. (2015). Roles of an upper-body compression garment on athletic performances. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(9), 2655-2660. DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000909

Horak, F. B., Henry, S. M., & Shumway-Cook, A. (1997). Postural perturbations: New insights for treatment of balance disorders. Physical Therapy, 77(5), 517–533. https://doi.org/10.1093/ptj/77.5.517

Hosp, S., Folie, R., Csapo, R., Hasler, M., & Nachbauer, W. (2017). Eccentric exercise, kinesiology tape, and balance in healthy men. Journal of Athletic Training, 52(7), 636–642. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-52.3.11

Krkeljas, Z. (2018). Comparison of jump-landing protocols with Biodex Balance System as measures of dynamic postural stability in athletes. Sports Biomechanics, 17(3), 371–382. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2017.1348537

Lien, N., Steel, K., Graham, K., Penkala, S., Quinn, J., Dogramaci, S., & Moresi, M. (2014). What is the effect of compression garments on a novel kick accuracy task? International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.2.357

MacRae, B. A., Cotter, J. D., & Laing, R. M. (2011). Compression garments and exercise: Garment considerations, physiology and performance. Sports Medicine, 41(10), 815–843. https://doi.org/10.2165/11591420-000000000-00000

Maeda, N., Urabe, Y., Tsutsumi, S., Numano, S., Morita, M., Takeuchi, T., Iwata, S., & Kobayashi, T. (2016). Effect of semi-rigid and soft ankle braces on static and dynamic postural stability in young male adults. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 15(2), 352–357.

Michael, J. S., Dogramaci, S. N., Steel, K. A., & Graham, K. S. (2014). What is the effect of compression garments on a balance task in female athletes? Gait and Posture, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.11.001

De britto, M., Lemos, A. I., Stefanyshyn, D, j., & Carpes, F. P. (2007). Effect of a compressive garment on kinematics of jump-landing tasks. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1139–1145.DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001620

Pau, M., Arippa, F., Leban, B., Corona, F., Ibba, G., Todde, F., & Scorcu, M. (2015). Relationship between static and dynamic balance abilities in Italian professional and youth league soccer players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 16(3), 236–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2014.12.003

Pollock, A. S., Durward, B. R., Rowe, P. J., & Paul, J. P. (2000). What is balance? Clinical Rehabilitation, 14(4), 402–406. https://doi.org/10.1191/0269215500cr342oa

Qiu, F., Cole, M. H., Davids, K. W., Hennig, E. M., Silburn, P. A., Netscher, H., & Kerr, G. K. (2012). Enhanced somatosensory information decreases postural sway in older people. Gait and Posture, 35(4), 630–635. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.12.013

Riemann, B. L., & Schmitz, R. (2012). The relationship between various modes of single leg postural control assessment. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 7(3), 257. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3362983/

Ross, S. E., & Guskiewicz, K. M. (2004). Examination of static and dynamic postural stability in individuals with functionally stable and unstable ankles. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 14(6), 332–338. https://doi.org/10.1097/00042752-200411000-00002

Sell, T. C. (2012). An examination, correlation, and comparison of static and dynamic measures of postural stability in healthy, physically active adults. Physical Therapy in Sport, 13(2), 80–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2011.06.006

Shaw, M. Y., Gribble, P. A., & Frye, J. L. (2008). Ankle bracing, fatigue, and time to stabilization in collegiate volleyball athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, 43(2), 164–171. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-43.2.164

Sperlich, B., Born, D. P., Swarén, M., Kilian, Y., Geesmann, B., Kohl-Bareis, M., & Holmberg, H. C. (2013). Is leg compression beneficial for alpine skiers? BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2052-1847-5-18

Tsigilis, N., Zachopoulou, E., & Mavridis, T. (2001). Evaluation of the specificity of selected dynamic balance tests. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 92(3 PART 1), 827–833. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.2001.92.3.827

Valerie, J. W., Nagai, T., Sell, T. C., Abt, J. P., Rowe, R. S., McGrail, M. A., & Lephart, S. M. (2016). Prediction of dynamic postural stability during single-leg jump landings by ankle and knee flexibility and strength. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 25(3), 266–272. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2015-0001

Williams, V. J., Nagai, T., Sell, T. C., Abt, J. P., Rowe, R. S., McGrail, M. A., & Lephart, S. M. (2016). Prediction of dynamic postural stability during single-leg jump landings by ankle and knee flexibility and strength. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 25(3), 266-272. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2015-0001

Wikstrom, E. A., Tillman, M. D., Schenker, S. M., & Borsa, P. A. (2008). Jump-landing direction influences dynamic postural stability scores. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 11(2), 106–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.02.014

Wikstrom, E. A., Tillman, M. D., Smith, A. N., & Borsa, P. A. (2005). A new force-plate technology measure of dynamic postural stability: The dynamic postural stability index. Journal of Athletic Training, 40(4), 305–309.

Woo, M. T., Davids, K., Liukkonen, J., Jaakkola, T., & Chow, J. Y. (2014). Effects of textured compression socks on postural control in physically active elderly individuals. Procedia Engineering, 72, 162-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.028

Xiong, Y., & Tao, X. (2018). Compression garments for medical therapy and sports. Polymers, 10(6), 663. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10060663

Zamporri, J., & Aguinaldo, A. (2018). The effects of a compression garment on lower body kinematics and kinetics during a drop vertical jump in female collegiate athletes. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(8). https://doi.org/10.1177/2325967118789955

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijkss.v.9n.3p44


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.