Race Pattern of Women’s 100-m Hurdles: Time Analysis of Olympic Hurdle Performance

Athanasios Tsiokanos, Dimitrios Tsaopoulos, Arsenis Giavroglou, Eleftherios Tsarouchas


Background: For control and effective management of training process in women’s 100-m hurdles event, the coaches, in addition to detailed biomechanical parameters, need also overall, more comprehensive technical parameters, called direct performance descriptors which are used for planning the distribution of an athlete’s efforts over the race. Purpose: The aim of this study was the investigation of the race behavior of elite women sprint hurdlers, on the basis of selected time parameters, and the examination of the existence of a common race pattern in high level hurdle performance. Method: The time data of the race performance between two consecutive Olympic Games were compared. The analyzing subjects consisted of all women 100-m hurdle finalists in Athens 2004 (n = 6) and all women 100-m hurdle finalists (n = 8) and semi-finalists (n = 14) in Beijing 2008. Results: No significant differences were revealed between the two competitions concerning to the means of approach run time, run-in time, intermediate touchdown times, interval times for the hurdle units and the corresponding average velocities. Significant relationship exists between the intermediate times and final performance. The time contribution of the first half of the race to the formation of the final performance is approximately equal to the second one and, generally the standardised time parameters show the existence of a common race pattern in high level hurdle performance. Conclusion: The presented biomechanical data provide coaches and athletes with valuable information about hurdle technique for effective interventions in the training process.


biomechanics; track and field; hurdles; competition analysis; women athletes

Full Text:



Brüggemann G.-P., Glad B. (1990). Time analysis of the 110 meters and 100 meters hurdles: Scientific Research Project at the Games of the XXIVth Olympiad-Seoul 1988, Final Report. New Studies in Athletics (supplement), 5, 91-131.

Coh, M. (1987). The analysis of the Jordanka Donkova's 100m hurdles world record. Fizicka Kultura (Belgrade), 41 (5), 351-353.

Coh M, Dolenec A. (1996). Three-dimensional kinematic analysis of the hurdles technique used by Brigita Bukovec. New studies in athletics, 11, 63-70.

Graubner R, Nixdorf E. (2011). Biomechanical analysis of the sprint and hurdles events at the 2009 IAAF World Championships in Athletics. New studies in athletics, 26 (1-2), 19-53.

Hamlin, M. J., Hopkins, W. G., & Hollings, S. C. (2015). Effects of altitude on performance of elite track-and-field athletes. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 10 (7), 881-887.

Hücklekemkes J. (1990). Model technique analysis sheets for the hurdles. Part VI: The Womens 100 m Hurdles. New studies in athletics, 5 (4), 33-58.

Iskra J, Coh M. (2006). A review of biomechanical studies in hurdle races. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 1, 84-102.

Mann R, Herman, J. (1985). Kinematic analysis of Olympic hurdle performance: women's 100 meters. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 1 (2), 163-173.

Marar L, Grimshaw P. (1993). A three-dimensional biomechanical analysis of sprint hurdles. Journal of Sports Sciences, 12, 174-175.

McDonald C, Dapena J. (1991a). Angular momentum in the men's 110-m and women's 100-m hurdles races. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 23 (12), 1392-1402.

McDonald C, Dapena J. (1991b). Linear kinematics of the men's 110-m and women's 100-m hurdles races. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 23 (12), 1382-1391.

McLean B. (1994). The biomechanics of hurdling: Force plate analysis to assess hurdling technique. New studies in athletics, 4, 55-58.

Mueller H, Hommel H. (1997). Biomechanical research project at VIth World Championships in Athletics, Athens 1997: preliminary report. New studies in athletics, 12 (2/3), 43-73.

Ryu J.-K., Chang J.-K. (2011). Kinematic Analysis of the Hurdle Clearance Technique used by World Top Class Women's Hurdler. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 21 (2), 131-140.

Salo A, Grimshaw P. N., Marar L. (1997). 3-D biomechanical analysis of sprint hurdles at different competitive levels. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 29 (2), 231-237.

Stein N. (2000). Reflections on a change in the height of the hurdles in the women's sprint hurdles event. New studies in athletics, 15 (2), 15-20.

Wang, J. H., & Li., N. (2000). Analysis of the technique of hurdle step and run between hurdles. Journal of Wuhan institute of physical education, 34 (1), 92-94.

Ward-Smith, A. (1997). A mathematical analysis of the bioenergetics of hurdling. Journal of Sports Sciences, 15 (5), 517-526.

Yoshimoto, T., Takai, Y., & Kanehisa, H. (2016). Acute effects of different conditioning activities on running performance of sprinters. SpringerPlus, 5(1), 1203.

Normand, J. M., Wolfe, A., & Peak, K. (2017). A Review of Early Sport Specialization in Relation to the Development of a Young Athlete. International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science, 5(2), 37-42.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijkss.v.5n.3p.56


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2013-2023 (CC-BY) Australian International Academic Centre PTY.LTD.

International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science

You may require to add the 'aiac.org.au' domain to your e-mail 'safe list’ If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox'. Otherwise, you may check your 'Spam mail' or 'junk mail' folders.