20 Years’ Experience in Treating Kienbock’s Disease: About 15 Cases and Review of Literature

Badr Chalouah, Benchakroun Mohamed, El mokhtari Kamal, Bennis Azzelarab, Zaddoug Omar, Zine Ali, Tanane Mansour, Bouabid Salim


Kienböck’s disease is a rare condition. It affects young adults who are mostly manual workers. Radiology allows diagnosis and classification of the disease using the Lichtman classification which will guide the therapeutic strategy. The aim of the present work is to review the clinical data, recent advances in assessment methods (MRI and arthroscopy) and our therapeutic results compared to the literature. Material and methods: This is a retrospective study of fifteen cases of Kienböck’s disease, collected in the Traumatology-Orthopaedics Department I of the Mohamed V Military Hospital in Rabat, Morocco, over a 20 years period, from 2001 to 2020. This study included 10 men and 5 women, with an average age of 29 years. All of our patients underwent plain radiographs that allowed diagnosis and staging. Only 6 patients benefited from MR imaging and none of them had cartilage arthroscopic assessment. Radial shortening osteotomy were performed for 14 patients and lunate decompression by forage for one patient with good results in 53% and 14% of poor results. Discussion: Comparing the results of our study with those of the literature, we found concordance regarding clinical, radiological and therapeutic methods. However, this study has shown insufficient use of MRI for viability evaluation of the lunate and cartilage arthroscopic assessment, due in first place to their high cost for developing countries as ours. Thus, treatment choices weren’t accurate enough, which explains our 47% poor to fair results. Conclusion: Kienböck’s disease is a rare condition that should be early diagnosed with accurate staging using recent advances in assessment methods which allows proper treatment choices to prevent its evolution toward total destruction of the wrist. However, patient’s desires and needs, surgeon’s experience and capabilities of their facilities precondition the final decision.


Kienbock, Osteonecrosis, Lunate, Avascular, Classification

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.10n.2p.10


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