Fungal Agents as a Cause of Nasal Polyposis

Mohammad Nejadkazem, Alireza Hemati, Saman Vegari, Mohammad Adibpour, Leila Davarimajd

Abstract


Introduction: Sinonasal polyposis is the most common tumor of nasal cavity and sinuses. Its complications are but not limited to sinusitis, breathing difficulties, hyposmia, anosmia and bone erosion.

Methods and materials: A total of 98 patients with sinonasal polyposis were examined for suspicious causative fungal agent.

Results: Direct microscopy and culture confirmed fungal agent in 8 patients (8.1%) from which 3 cases had Alternaria spp, 1 patient Aspergillus spp, 1 patient Bipolaris spp, and 3 patients yeast.

Conclusion: Fungi may be considered as a potential cause of sinonasal polyposis.

 

Keywords: Sinonasal Polyposis, Rhinosinusitis, Fungi


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